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Child Abuse, Neglect, and Violent Criminal Behavior in a Midwest Metropolitan Area of the United States, 1967-1988

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
arrests; child abuse; child neglect; criminality prediction; juvenile crime; offenders; victims; violent crime
  • Abstract

    These data examine the relationships between childhood abuse and/or neglect and later criminal and violent criminal behavior. In particular, the data focus on whether being a victim of violence and/or neglect in early childhood leads to being a criminal offender in adolescence or early adulthood and whether a relationship exists between childhood abuse or neglect and arrests as a juvenile, arrests as an adult, and arrests for violent offenses. For this data collection, adult and juvenile criminal histories of sampled cases with backgrounds of abuse or neglect were compared to those of a matched control group with no official record of abuse or neglect. Variables contained in Part 1 include demographic information (age, race, sex, and date of birth). In Part 2, information is presented on the abuse/neglect incident (type of abuse or neglect, duration of the incident, whether the child was removed from the home and, if so, for how long, results of the placement, and whether the individual was still alive). Part 3 contains family information (with whom the child was living at the time of the incident, family disruptions, and who reported the abuse or neglect) and data on the perpetrator of the incident (relation to the victim, age, race, sex, and whether living in the home of the victim). Part 4 contains information on the charges filed within adult arrest incidents (occasion for arrest, multiple counts of the same type of charge, year and location of arrest, and type of offense or charge), and Part 5 includes information on the charges filed within juvenile arrest incidents (year of juvenile charge, number of arrests, and type of offense or charge). The unit of analysis for Parts 1 through 3 is the individual at age 11 or younger, for Part 4 the charge within the adult arrest incident, and for Part 5 the charge within the juvenile arrest incident.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Demographic Information
    • DS2: Abuse/Neglect
    • DS3: Family and Perpetrator
    • DS4: Adult Criminality
    • DS5: Juvenile Criminality
    • DS7: SAS Data Definition Statements for Demographic Information
    • DS8: SAS Data Definition Statements for Abuse/Neglect
    • DS9: SAS Data Definition Statements for Family and Perpetrator
    • DS10: SAS Data Definition Statements for Adult Criminality
    • DS11: SAS Data Definition Statements for Juvenile Criminality
Temporal Coverage
  • 1967 / 1988
    Time period: 1967--1988
  • 1986-08-01 / 1989-12-31
    Collection date: 1986-08-01--1989-12-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All children under 12 years of age during the period 1967-1972 in a metropolitan area in the Midwest.
Prospective cohorts research design matched with a control group cohort.
Collection Mode
  • (1) The data contain duplicate case numbers. (2) Parts 2 and 3 appear to contain a large amount of missing data. (3) The data apply only to reported and substantiated cases of childhood victimization. (4) Misdemeanor criminal behavior for individuals may not show up in the records checked.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 6 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (86-IJ-CX-0033).
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9480 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Nikulina, Valentina, Widom, Cathy Spatz. Do race, neglect, and childhood poverty predict physical health in adulthood? A multilevel prospective analysis. Child Abuse and Neglect.38, (3), 414-424.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.09.007 (DOI)
  • Spatz Widom, Cathy. Varieties of Violent Behavior. Criminology.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/1745-9125.12046 (DOI)
  • Allwood, Maureen A., Widom, Cathy S.. Child abuse and neglect, developmental role attainment, and adult arrests. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.50, (4), 551-578.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427812471177 (DOI)
  • Moniz, Sandy. Child Abuse and Criminality: A Comprehensive Look at the Relationship between Historical Factors of Abuse and Criminal Offences. Dissertation, Fielding Graduate University. 2013.
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz, Czaja, Sally, Wilson, Helen W., Allwood, Maureen, Chauhan, Preeti. Do the long-term consequences of neglect differ for children of different races and ethnic backgrounds?. Child Maltreatment.18, (1), 42-55.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559512460728 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz, Czaja, Sally J., Bentley, Tyrone, Johnson, Mark S.. A prospective investigation of physical health outcomes in abused and neglected children: New findings from a 30-year follow-up. American Journal of Public Health.102, (6), 1134-1144.2012.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300636 (DOI)
  • Currie, Janet, Widom, Cathy Spatz. Long-term consequences of child abuse and neglect on adult economic well-being. Child Maltreatment.15, (2), 111-120.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559509355316 (DOI)
  • DeGue, Sarah, Widom, Cathy S.. Does out-of-home placement mediate the relationship between child maltreatment and adult criminality?. Child Maltreatment.14, (4), 344-355.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559509332264 (DOI)
  • Wilson, Helen N., Widom, Cathy Spatz. Prospective examination of the path from child abuse and neglect to illicit drug use in middle adulthood: The potential mediating role of four risk factors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.38, (3), 340-354.2009.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-008-9331-6 (DOI)
  • Wilson, Helen W., Widom, Cathy S.. Sexually transmitted diseases among adults who had been abused and neglected as children: A 30-year prospective study. American Journal of Public Health.99, (S1), S197-S203.2009.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.131599 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz, Czaja, Sally J., Dutton, Mary Ann. Childhood victimization and lifetime revictimization. Child Abuse and Neglect.32, (8), 785-796.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2007.12.006 (DOI)
  • DuMont, Kimberly A., Widom, Cathy Spatz, Czaja, Sally J.. Predictors of resilience in abused and neglected children grown-up: The role of individual and neighborhood characteristics. Child Abuse and Neglect.31, (3), 255-274.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2005.11.015 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz, Marmorstein, Naomi R., White, Helene Raskin. Childhood victimization and illicit drug use in middle adulthood. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.20, (4), 394-403.2006.
    • ID: 10.1037/0893-164X.20.4.394 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz, Schuck, Amie M., White, Helene Raskin. An examination of pathways from childhood victimization to violence: The role of early agression and problematic alcohol use. Violence and Victims.21, (6), 675-690.2006.
    • ID: 10.1891/vv-v21i6a001 (DOI)
  • Cox, Melanie A.. Child Abuse and Crime: Testing in the 'Cycle of Violence' Theory. Thesis, West Virginia University. 2005.
  • Schuck, Amie M., Widom, Cathy Spatz. Understanding the role of neighborhood context in the long-term criminal consequences of child maltreatment. American Journal of Community Psychology.36, (3/4), 207-222.2005.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10464-005-8615-1 (DOI)
  • Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew, Otis, Melanie D.. The effect of childhood maltreatment on adult criminality: A Tobit Regression analysis. Child Maltreatment.8, (2), 129 -2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559502250810 (DOI)
  • McMahon, Jennifer, Clay-Warner, Jody. Child abuse and future criminality: The role of social service placement, family disorganization and gender. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.17, (9), 1002-1019.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/088626050201700906 (DOI)
  • Horwitz, Allan V., Widom, Cathy Spatz, McLaughlin, Julie, White, Helene Raskin. The impact of childhood abuse and neglect on adult mental health: A prospective study. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.42, (2), 184-201.2001.
  • McMahon, Jennifer J., Clay-Warner, Jody. Explaining the Link between Child Abuse and Criminality: The Role of Social Service Placement and Family Characteristics. Southern Sociological Society. 2001.
  • Schuck, Amie M., Widom, Cathy S.. Childhood victimization and alcohol symptoms in females: Causal inferences and hypothesized mediators. Child Abuse and Neglect.25, (8), 1069-1092.2001.
  • Widom, Cathy S.. Child abuse and neglect. Handbook of Youth and Justice.New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 2001.
  • Widom, Cathy S., Hiller-Sturmhofel, Susanne. Alcohol abuse as a risk factor for and consequence of child abuse. Alcohol Research and Health.25, (1), 52-57.2001.
  • Widom, Cathy S., Maxfield, Michael G.. An Update on the 'Cycle of Violence'. NIJ Research in Brief.NCJ 184894, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice. 2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Widom, Cathy S., Maxfield, Michael G.. The Cycle of Violence. Research in Brief.NCJ 184894, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Maxfield, Michael G., Weiler, Barbara Luntz, Widom, Cathy Spatz. Comparing self-reports and official records of arrests. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.16, (1), 87-110.2000.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1007577512038 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy S.. Childhood Victimization: Early Adversity, Later Psychopathology. National Institute of Justice Journal.NCJ 180077, Washington, DC: . 2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz. Motivation and mechanisms in the 'cycle of violence'. Motivation and Child Maltreatment.Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. 2000.
  • Haapasalo, Jaana, Poleka, Elina. Child-rearing and child abuse antecedents of criminality. Aggression and Violent Behavior.4, (1), 107-127.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/S1359-1789(97)00027-X (DOI)
  • Kaufman, Jeanne G., Widom, Cathy S.. Childhood victimization, running away, and delinquency. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.36, (4), 347-370.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427899036004001 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz. Posttraumatic stress disorder in abused and neglected children grown up. American Journal of Psychiatry.156, (8), 1223-1229.1999.
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz, Weiler, Barbara Luntz, Cottler, Linda B.. Childhood victimization and drug abuse: A comparison of prospective and retrospective findings. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.67, (6), 867-880.1999.
    • ID: 10.1037/0022-006X.67.6.867 (DOI)
  • Flynn, Deborah Anne. The nature of the relationship between child abuse and offending: A secondary analysis. M.A. thesis, Queen's University (Canada). 1998.
  • Weeks, Robin, Widom, Cathy S.. Self-reports of early childhood victimization among incarcerated adult male felons. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.13, (3), 346-361.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/088626098013003003 (DOI)
  • Weeks, Robin, Widom, Cathy Spatz. Early Childhood Victimization Among Incarcerated Adult Male Felons. National Institute of Justice Research Preview.NCJ 184376, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rivera, Beverly Diane. Post-Placement Criminal Careers of Abused and Neglected Children. Dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania. 1997.
  • Widom, Cathy S., Morris, Suzanne. Accuracy of adult recollections of childhood victimization: Part 2. Childhood sexual abuse . Psychological Assessment.9, (1), 34-46.1997.
    • ID: 10.1037/1040-3590.9.1.34 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy S., White, Helene R.. Problem behaviours in abused and neglected children grown up: Prevalence and co-occurrence of substance abuse, crime and violence. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health.7, (4), 287-310.1997.
    • ID: 10.1002/cbm.191 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz. Child Victims: In search of opportunities for breaking the cycle of violence. Perspectives on Crime and Justice: 1996-1997 Lecture Series.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Maxfield, Michael G., Widom, Cathy Spatz. The cycle of violence: Revisited 6 years later. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.150, 390-395.1996.
    • ID: 10.1001/archpedi.1996.02170290056009 (DOI)
  • Weiler, Barbara Luntz, Widom, Cathy S.. Psychopathy and violent behaviour in abused and neglected young adults. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health.6, (3), 253-271.1996.
    • ID: 10.1002/cbm.99 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy S., Shepard, Robin L.. Accuracy of adult recollections of childhood victimization: Part 1. Childhood physical abuse. Psychological Assessment.8, (4), 412-421.1996.
    • ID: 10.1037/1040-3590.8.4.412 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz, Kuhns, Joseph B.. Childhood victimization and subsequent risk for promiscuity, prostitution, and teenage pregnancy: A prospective study. American Journal of Public Health.86, (11), 1607-1612.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.11.1607 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz, Maxfield, Michael G.. A prospective examination of risk for violence among abused and neglected children. Understanding Aggressive Behavior in Children.New York: New York Academy of Sciences. 1996.
  • Ireland, Timothy, Widom, Cathy S.. Childhood Victimization and Risk for Alcohol and Drug Arrests. Research Preview.NCJ 184317, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice. 1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Widom, Cathy S., Ireland, Timothy, Glynn, Patricia J.. Alcohol abuse in abused and neglected children followed-up: Are they at increased risk?. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.56, (2), 207-217.1995.
  • Ireland, Timothy, Widom, Cathy S.. Childhood victimization and risk for alcohol and drug arrests. Substance Use and Misuse.29, (2), 235-274.1994.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826089409047380 (DOI)
  • Perez, Cynthia M., Widom, Cathy S.. Childhood victimization and long-term intellectural and academic outcomes. Child Abuse and Neglect.18, (8), 617-633.1994.
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz, Ames, M. Ashley. Criminal consequences of childhood sexual victimization. Child Abuse and Neglect.18, (4), 303-318.1994.
    • ID: 10.1016/0145-2134(94)90033-7 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy S.. A tail on an untold tale: Response to 'Biological and genetic contributors to violence: Widom's untold tale'. Psychological Bulletin.109, (1), 130-132.1991.
    • ID: 10.1037/0033-2909.109.1.130 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy S.. Avoidance of Criminality in Abused and Neglected Children. Psychiatry.54, 162-174.1991.
  • Widom, Cathy S.. The Role of Placement Experiences in Mediating the Criminal Consequences of Childhood Victimization. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.61, 195-209.1991.
    • ID: 10.1037/h0079252 (DOI)
  • Rivera, B., Widom, C.S.. Childhood Victimization and Violent Offending. Violence and Victims.5, 19-35.1990.
  • Widom, C.S.. Early Child Abuse, Neglect, and Violent Criminal Behavior. Current Approaches to the Prediction of Violence.Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press. 1989.
  • Widom, Cathy S.. Child Abuse, Neglect, and Violent Criminal Behavior. NCJ 116146, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Widom, Cathy S.. Child abuse, neglect, and adult behavior: Research design and findings on criminality, violence, and child abuse. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.59, (3), 355-367.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1939-0025.1989.tb01671.x (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy S.. Does violence beget violence? A critical examination of the literature. Psychological Bulletin.106, (1), 3-28.1989.
    • ID: 10.1037/0033-2909.106.1.3 (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy S.. Intergenerational Transmission of Violence. Pathways to Criminal Violence.Newbury Park, CA: Sage. 1989.
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz. Child Abuse, Neglect, and Violent Criminal Behavior. Criminology.27, (2), 251-271.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1989.tb01032.x (DOI)
  • Widom, Cathy Spatz. The Cycle of Violence. Science.244, (4901), 160-166.1989.
    • ID: 10.1126/science.2704995 (DOI)
  • Ames, A., Widom, C.S.. Childhood Sexual Abuse and Later Delinquency and Criminal Behavior. Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Chicago, IL. 1988.
  • Widom, C.S., Ross, B.. Pathways to Delinquency and Adult Criminality. Meeting of the Society for Research in Psychopathology.Cambridge, MA. 1988.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Widom, Cathy Spatz (1991): Child Abuse, Neglect, and Violent Criminal Behavior in a Midwest Metropolitan Area of the United States, 1967-1988. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.