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Domestic Violence Experience in Omaha, Nebraska, 1986-1987

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data, and survey data
Creator
  • Dunford, Franklyn W. (University of Colorado at Boulder. Institute of Behavioral Science)
  • Huizinga, David (University of Colorado at Boulder. Institute of Behavioral Science)
  • Elliott, Delbert S. (University of Colorado at Boulder. Institute of Behavioral Science)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1991-03-05
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; crime reporting; deterrence; domestic assault; domestic violence; recidivism; treatment; victims
Description
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this data collection was to corroborate the findings of SPECIFIC DETERRENT EFFECTS OF ARREST FOR DOMESTIC ASSAULT: MINNEAPOLIS, 1981-1982 (ICPSR 8250) that arrest is an effective deterrent against continued domestic assaults. The data addressed the following questions: (1) To what extent does arrest decrease the likelihood of continued violence, as assessed by the victim? (2) To what extent does arrest decrease the likelihood of continued complaints of crime, as assessed by police records? (3) What are the differences in arrest recidivism between cases that involved arrest versus cases that involved mediation, separation, warrant issued, or no warrant issued? Domestic violence cases in three sectors of Omaha, Nebraska, meeting established eligibility criteria, were assigned to one of five experimental treatments: mediation, separation, arrest, warrant issued, or no warrant issued. Data for victim reports were collected from three interviews with the victims conducted one week, six months, and 12 months after the domestic violence incident. Arrest, charge, and complaint data were collected on the suspects at six- and twelve-month intervals following the original domestic violence incident. The investigators used arrest recidivism, continued complaints of crime, and victim reports of repeated violence (fear of injury, pushing/hitting, and physical injury) as outcome measures to assess the extent to which treatments prevented subsequent conflicts. Other variables include victim's level of fear, self-esteem, locus of control, and welfare dependency, changes in the relationship between suspect and victim, extent of the victim's injury, and extent of drug use by the victim and the suspect. Demographic variables include race, age, sex, income, occupational status, and marital status.
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the study was to corroborate the findings of the Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment (1984) that arrest is an effective deterrent against continued domestic assaults. The study addressed the following questions: (1) To what extent does arrest decrease the likelihood of continued violence, as assessed by the victim? (2) To what extent does arrest decrease the likelihood of continued complaints of crime, as assessed by police records? (3) What are the differences in arrest recidivism between cases that involved arrest versus cases that involved mediation, separation, warrant issued, or no warrant issued?
  • Abstract

    Cases included in the study were required to meet the following eligibility criteria: (1) Probable cause for an arrest for misdemeanor assault was established. Cases lacking probable cause and felony assault cases were excluded. (2) The case involved at least two people, a victim and a suspect. (3) Both parties to the assault were at least 18 years of age. (4) Both parties lived together sometime during the year preceding the assault. (5) If the suspect was present, a check of police records indicated no arrest warrant was on file. If officers determined that the case met the eligibility criteria, a treatment was randomly assigned by a computer routine operated by the Information Unit of the Omaha Police Department. Cases in which both the victim and the suspect were present when the police arrived were assigned a treatment of either mediation, separation, or arrest. Cases in which no suspects were present at the time police arrived were assigned treatments of warrant issued or no warrant issued. Interviews with victims were conducted one week, six months, and 12 months after the domestic violence incident. Additional data were collected from police officers who completed Domestic Violence Report forms for each case. Police record searches were conducted on suspects six and twelve months after the incident. Continued complaints of crime, arrest recidivism, and victim reports of repeated violence (fear of injury, pushing/hitting, and physical injury) were used as outcome measures to assess the extent to which the various treatments prevented subsequent violence.
  • Abstract

    Data were collected regarding the nature of the domestic violence incident, subsequent incidents, the extent of the victim's injury, extent of drug use by the victim and the suspect, and the suspect-victim relationship. During the victim interviews additional data were collected regarding the victim's level of fear, self-esteem, locus of control, and welfare dependency, and changes in the relationship between suspect and victim. Demographic information includes age, sex, income, employment, and marital status. Arrest, charge, and complaint data were collected on the suspects at six- and twelve-month intervals following the original domestic violence incident.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: A modified Conflict Tactic Scale was used in the study. Hollingshead and Duncan Socioeconomic Indices are also included.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: A total of 577 domestic violence cases were selected for inclusion in the study. The number of respondents who completed interviews for Waves I, II, and III are 477 (81 percent), 438 (76 percent), and 416 (72 percent), respectively.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: One-Week Data File
    • DS2: Six-Month Data File
    • DS3: Twelve-Month Data File
    • DS4: Police Report Data File
    • DS5: Six-Month Police Record Search Data File
    • DS6: Twelve-Month Police Record Search Data File
    • DS8: SAS Data Definition Statements for One-Week Data File
    • DS9: SAS Data Definition Statements for Six-Month Data File
    • DS10: SAS Data Definition Statements for Twelve-Month Data File
    • DS11: SAS Data Definition Statements for Police Report Data File
    • DS12: SAS Data Definition Statements for Six-Month and Twelve-Month Police Record Search Data Files
    • DS13: SPSS Data Definition Statements for Six-Month and Twelve-Month Police Record Search Data Files
Temporal Coverage
  • 1986 / 1987
    Time period: 1986--1987
  • 1986-03 / 1987-09
    Collection date: 1986-03--1987-09
Geographic Coverage
  • Nebraska
  • Omaha
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Domestic violence cases in Omaha, Nebraska during 1986-1987.
Sampling
Two-stage random sampling design.
Note
2006-07-24 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 14 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1992-02-17 Machine-readable documentation and SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been prepared for this collection. In addition, the data are now available in logical record length format. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-K435).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9481 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09481.v1
Publications
  • Kim, Jinseok, Gray, Karen A.. Leave or stay?: Battered women's decision after intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.23, (10), 1465-1482.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260508314307 (DOI)
  • Yates, Donald L., Pillai, Jijayan K., Berry, Phyllis E.. Mediation verses arrest approaches to domestic assault: Policy implications for addressing domestic abuse among under-educated and jobless offenders. American Journal of Criminal Justice.33, (2), 282-296.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12103-008-9038-y (DOI)
  • Piquero, Ales R., Brame, Robert, Fagan, Jeffrey, Moffitt, Terrie E.. Assessing the offending activity of criminal domestic violence suspects: Offense specialization, escalation, and de-escalation evidence from the Spouse Assault Replication Program. Public Health Reports.121, 409-418.2006.
  • Maxwell, Christopher D., Garner, Joel H., Fagan, Jefferey A.. The preventive effects of arrest on intimate partner violence: Research, policy and theory. Criminology and Public Policy.2, (1), 51-79.2002.
  • Maxwell, Christopher D., Garner, Joel H., Fagan, Jeffrey A.. The effects of arrest on intimate partner violence: New evidence from the spouse assault replication program. Research in Brief.NCJ 188199, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/188199.pdf (URL)
  • Garner, Joel H., Maxwell, Christopher D.. What are the lessons of the police arrest studies?. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma.4, (1), 83-114.2000.
    • ID: 10.1300/J146v04n01_05 (DOI)
  • Mills, Linda G.. Mandatory arrest and prosecution policies for domestic violence: A critical literature reviw and the case for more research to test victime empowerment approaches. Criminal Justice and Behavior.25, (3), 306-318.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854898025003002 (DOI)
  • Fagan, Jeffrey, Garner, Joel, Maxwell, Christopher. Reducing Injuries to Women in Domestic Assaults, Final Report. Atlanta, GA: United States Department of Health and Human Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1997.
  • Farmer, Amy, Tiefenthaler, Jill. An economic analysis of domestic violence. Review of Social Economy.55, (3), 337 -1997.
    • ID: 10.1080/00346769700000004 (DOI)
  • Garner, Joel H., Fagan, Jeffrey, Maxwell, Christopher. Published finding from the Spouse Assault Replication Program: A critical review. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.11, (1), 3-28.1995.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02221298 (DOI)
  • Berk, Richard A., Campbell, Alec, Klap, Ruth, Western, Bruce. The Deterrent Effect of Arrest: A Bayesian Analysis of Four Field Experiments. American Sociological Review.57, 698-708.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2095923 (URL)
  • Dunford, Franklyn W.. The measurement of recidivism in cases of spouse assault. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.83, (1), 120-136.1992.
  • Sherman, Lawrence W., Schmidt, Janell D., Rogan, Dennis P.. Policing Domestic Violence: Experiments and Dilemmas. New York, NY: Free Press. 1992.
  • Dunford, Franklyn W.. System-initiated warrants for suspects of misdemeanor domestic assault: A pilot study. Justice Quarterly.7, (4), 631-653.1990.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829000090791 (DOI)
  • Dunford, Franklyn W., Huizinga, David, Elliott, Delbert S.. The Role of Arrest in Domestic Assault: The Omaha Police Experiment. Criminology.28, (2), 183-206.1990.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1990.tb01323.x (DOI)
  • Dunford, Franklyn W., Huizinga, David, Elliott, Delbert S.. The Omaha Domestic Violence Police Experiment. Final Report.NCJ 119528, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1989.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/119528NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Dunford, Franklyn W.; Huizinga, David; Elliott, Delbert S. (1991): Domestic Violence Experience in Omaha, Nebraska, 1986-1987. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09481