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Euro-barometer 34.2: European Youth, Fall 1990

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Reif, Karlheinz
  • Melich, Anna
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
associations; attitudes; career goals; decision making; economic integration; educational background; European unification; European Union; foreign languages; job history; language study; life satisfaction; memberships; political influence; political perceptions; public opinion; quality of life; recreation; social change; social networks; social problems; sources of information; student organizations; training; values; young adults; youths
  • Abstract

    This round of Eurobarometer surveys queried 15- to 24-year-old respondents on standard Euro Barometer measures, such as how satisfied they were with their present life, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, whether they discussed political matters, what their country's goals should be for the next ten to fifteen years, and how they viewed the need for societal change. Additional questions focused on the respondents' knowledge of and opinions on the European Community (EC), including how well-informed they felt about the EC, what sources of information about the EC they used, whether their country had benefited from being an EC member, and the extent of their personal interest in EC matters. One major focus of the study was the general interests of the respondents. Questions included what groups and associations they belonged to, whether they took part in clubs, organizations, or community centers intended for young people, which causes they felt were worth taking risks and making sacrifices for, how they rated certain aspects of their lives and relationships, which qualities they thought parents should encourage in their children, and what the three major problems facing young people were. Another major focus of the study was on exposure to foreign cultures. Queries included which foreign languages respondents knew, which languages they would like to know, whether they felt enough attention had been paid to foreign languages in school, how much time they had spent traveling abroad, what foreign countries they had visited, whether they had participated in a youth exchange or had worked abroad, which countries they would like to visit for work or study, and what problems were involved in working, studying, or training abroad. Respondents were also asked whether they had ever experienced discrimination, what their financial situation was, whom they talked to when making life course decisions, and whether they used counseling and guidance services. Questions also examined employed respondents' current occupations and employment histories. Unemployed respondents were asked how many months they had been looking for a job, what they had been doing to find a job, and what the main reason was for their being unemployed. Respondents who were still in school or pursuing higher education were asked why they chose to continue studying, at what age they intended to finish their full-time education, why they chose the current subject of their studies, and what their current level of study was. Those respondents who were in a job placement or apprenticeship program were asked questions pertaining to their placement. Respondents no longer in school were asked how many years they studied beyond the minimum for schooling, what their reasons were for finishing formal education when they did, whether they had started a training course, how many training courses they had completed, how many months they had been involved in the training course, what they felt the standard of training was, how much they had gained from the training course, and whether the training had helped them get a job. Additional information was gathered on family income, number of people residing in the home, size of locality, home ownership, region of residence, occupation of the head of household, and the respondent's age, sex, occupation, education, religion, religiosity, subjective social class standing, political party and union membership, and left-right political self-placement.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-23
    Time period: 1990-12-03--1990-12-23
  • 1990-12-03 / 1990-12-23
    Collection date: 1990-12-03--1990-12-23
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • Europe
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • United Kingdom
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 15 to 24 residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
Multistage national probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • Data processing for this collection was performed at the Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung (ZA) in Cologne, Germany.

2001-03-27 The data have been further processed by ZA and the SPSS data definition statements have been updated. Also, a standard machine-readable codebook (PDF) and SAS data definition statements have been added, and the data collection instrument is now available as a PDF file.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9578 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09578.v1
  • Vossing, Konstantin. Nationality and the preferences of the European public toward EU policy-making. European Union Politics.6, (4), 445-467.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1465116505057817 (DOI)
  • Bay, Ann-Helen, Blekesaune, Morten. Youth, Unemployment and Political Marginalisation. International Journal of Social Welfare.11, (2), 132-139.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/1468-2397.00207 (DOI)
  • Nadeau, Richard, Niemi, Richard G., Yoshinaka, Antoine. A cross-national analysis of economic voting: Taking account of the political context across time and nations. Electoral Studies.21, (3), 403-423.2002.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0261-3794(01)00002-6 (DOI)
  • Transue, John Ethan. Identity and Support for Racial Equality. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2002.
  • Kaase, Max. Interpersonal trust, political trust and non-institutionalised political participation in Western Europe. West European Politics.22, (3), 1-21.1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/01402389908425313 (DOI)
  • Nidermayer, Oskar, Sinnott, Richard. Public Opinion and Internationalized Governance. Beliefs in Government.New York: Oxford University Press. 1995.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna (1994): Euro-barometer 34.2: European Youth, Fall 1990. Archival Version. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.