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National Health Interview Survey, 1989

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; doctor visits; families; health; health care; health care services; health problems; hospitalization; household composition; households; illness
  • Abstract

    The basic purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. Household variables in this data collection include type of living quarters, size of family, number of families in household, and geographic region. Person variables include sex, age, race, marital status, veteran status, education, income, industry and occupation codes, and limits on activity. The Condition, Doctor Visit, and Hospital files contain information on each reported health condition, doctor visit within two- week period, and hospitalization (12-month recall), respectively.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Household
    • DS2: Person
    • DS3: Condition
    • DS4: Doctor Visit
    • DS5: Hospital Record
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1989
  • Collection date: 1989
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Starting in 1985, the NHIS multistage probability sampling from 1,924 geographically defined Primary Sampling Units (PSUs) design incorporated several major changes that facilitate linkages with other National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) surveys, improve precision of estimates, and reduce costs. Starting with an all-area frame, a reduced number of 201 PSUs was selected, including two from each nonself-representing stratum. Black persons were oversampled. Four independent representative samples, which may be used in any combination, were drawn. One randomly sampled adult per household was asked the 1989 Supplement questions, covering either (1) all persons in the household (Health Insurance, Mental Health, and Dental), (2) all persons aged 18 and over in the household (Immunization and Diabetes Screening [all households], and Diabetic Risk Factors [half the households]) or (3) the sample person only (Orofacial Pain, Digestive Disorders, and AIDS Knowledge and Attitudes). All persons aged 18 and over who were identified as diabetic were asked a Diabetic Follow-up Supplement.
Collection Mode
  • The supplementary sections of the 1989 questionnaire will be released by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) later as individual files on Health Insurance, Mental Health, Dental Care, Immunization, Diabetes Screening, Diabetes Follow-up, Diabetic Risk Factors, Orofacial Pain, Digestive Disorders, and AIDS Knowledge and Attitudes. Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS. The age distribution for the 1989 Person file is: ages 0-44 (N=80,407), ages 45-54 (N=12,046), ages 55-64 (N=10,231), ages 65-74 (N=8,618), and ages 75+ (N=5,627). The racial/ethnic distributions for the Person file are: Black (N=17,324), Asian/Pacific Islander (N=2,731), and Hispanic origin (N=10,925). The data contain ampersands, dashes, and blank codes. Frequencies are provided by NCHS in the codebook.

2006-01-18 File CB9583.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9583 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09583.v1
  • Antecol, Heather, Bedard, Kelly. Unhealthy Assimilation: Why Do Immigrants Converge to American Health Status Levels?. Demography.43, (2), 337-360.2006.
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  • Case, Anne, Paxson, Christina. Sex Differences in Morbidity and Mortality. Demography.42, (2), 189-214.2005.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2005.0011 (DOI)
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  • Freedman, Vicki A., Crimmins, Eileen, Schoeni, Robert F., Spillman, Brenda C., Aykan, Hakan, Kramarow, Ellen, Land, Kenneth, Lubitz, James, Manton, Kenneth G., Martin, Linda G., Shinberg, Diane, Waidmann, Timothy. Resolving inconsistencies in trends in old-age disability: Report from a technical working group. Demography.41, (3), 417-441.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0022 (DOI)
  • Lochner, Kim, Pamuk, Elsie, Makuc, Diane, Kennedy, Bruce P., Kawachi, Ichiro. State-level income inequality and individual mortality risk: A prospective, multilevel study. American Journal of Public Health.91, (3), 385-391.2001.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.91.3.385 (DOI)
  • Anderson, J.E., Carey, J.W., Taveras, S.. HIV testing among the general U.S. population and persons at increased risk: Information from national surveys, 1987-1996. American Journal of Public Health.90, (7), 1089-1095.2000.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.90.7.1089 (DOI)
  • Cubbin, Catherine, LeClere, Felicia B., Smith, Gordon S.. Socioeconomic status and injury mortality: Individual and neighbourhood determinants. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.54, (7), 517-524.2000.
    • ID: 10.1136/jech.54.7.517 (DOI)
  • Fujiura, Glenn T., Yamaki, Kiyoshi. Trends in demography of childhood poverty and disability. Exceptional Children.66, (23), 187-199.2000.
  • Crimmins, Eileen M., Reynolds, Sandra L., Saito, Yasuhiko. Trends in health and ability to work among the older working-age population. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.54B, (1), S31-S40.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/54B.1.S31 (DOI)
  • Feinglass, Joe, Brown, Jacqueline L., Lo Sasso, Anthony, Sohn, Min-Woong, Manheim, L.M., Shah, S.J., Pearce, W.H.. Rates of lower-extremity amputation and arterial reconstruction in the United States, 1979 to 1996. American Journal of Public Health.89, (8), 1222-1227.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.8.1222 (DOI)
  • Flores, Glenn, Bauchner, Howard, Feinstein, Alvan R., Nguyen, Uyen-Sa D.T.. The impact of ethnicity, family income, and parental education on children's health and use of health services. American Journal of Public Health.89, (7), 1066-1071.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.7.1066 (DOI)
  • Liao, Youlian, McGee, Daniel L., Kaufman, Jay S., Cao, Guichan, Cooper, Richard S.. Socioeconomic status and morbidity in the last years of life. American Journal of Public Health.89, (4), 569-572.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.4.569 (DOI)
  • Stratmann, Thomas. What do medical services buy? Effects of doctor visits on work day loss. Eastern Economic Journal.25, (1), 1-16.1999.
  • Valdez, Rodolfo, Narayan, K.M. Venkat, Geiss, Linda S., Engelgau, Michael M.. Impact of diabetes mellitus on mortality associated with pneumonia and influenza among non-Hispanic Black and White US adults. American Journal of Public Health.89, (11), 1715-1721.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.11.1715 (DOI)
  • Cubbin, Catherine. Socioeconomic Status and Injury: Individual and Neighborhood Determinants. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 1998.
  • Kahn, Matthew E.. Health and labor market performance: The case of diabetes. Journal of Labor Economics.16, (4), 878-899.1998.
    • ID: 10.1086/209909 (DOI)
  • Lawrence, Reva C., Helmick, Charles G., Arnett, Frank C., Deyo, Richard A., Felson, David T., Giannini, Edward H., Heyse, Stephen P., Hirsch, Rosemarie, Hochberg, Marc C., Hunder, Gene G., Liang, Matthew H., Pillemer, Stanley R., Steen, Virginia D.. Estimates of the prevalence of arthritis and selected musculoskeletal disorders in the United States. Arthritis and Rheumatism.41, (5), 778-799.1998.
    • ID: 10.1002/1529-0131(199805)41:5<778::AID-ART4>3.0.CO;2-V (DOI)
  • LeClere, Felicia B., Rogers, Richard G., Peters, Kimberley. Neighborhood social context and racial differences in women's heart disease mortality. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.39, (2), 91-107.1998.
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  • Lewis, Kimball, Ellwood, Marilyn, Czajka, John L.. Counting the Uninsured: A Review of the Literature. Assessing the New Federalism, Occasional Paper no. 8.Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 1998.
  • Mannino, D.M., Homa, D.M., Pertowski, C.A., Ashizawa, A., Nixon, L.L., Johnson, C.A., Ball, L.B., Jack, E., Kang, D.S.. Surveillance for asthma--United States, 1960-1995. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.47, (1), 1-27.1998.
  • Miller, Ted R., Spicer, Rebecca S.. How safe are our schools?. American Journal of Public Health.88, (3), 413-418.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.3.413 (DOI)
  • Perrin, James M., Ettner, Susan L., McLaughlin, Thomas J., Gortmaker, Steven L., Bloom, S.R., Kuhlthau, K.. State variations in supplemental security income enrollment for children and adolescents. American Journal of Public Health.88, (6), 928-931.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.6.928 (DOI)
  • Pierce, John P., Gilpin, Elizabeth A., Emery, Sherry L., White, Martha M., Rosbrook, Brad, Berry, Charles C.. Has the California Tobacco Control Program reduced smoking?. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.280, (10), 893-899.1998.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.280.10.893 (DOI)
  • Reynolds, Sandra L., Crimmins, Eileen M., Saito, Yasuhiko. Cohort differences in disability and disease presence. Gerontologist.38, (5), 578-590.1998.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/38.5.578 (DOI)
  • Thamer, Mae, Rinehart, Cheryl. Public and private health insurance of US foreign-born residents: Implications of the 1996 welfare reform law. Ethnicity and Health.3, (1/2), 19 -1998.
  • Wells, Barbara L., Horm, John W.. Targeting the underserved for breast and cervical cancer screening: The utility of ecological analysis using the National Health Interview Survey. American Journal of Public Health.88, (10), 1484-1489.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.10.1484 (DOI)
  • Yu, Lucy C., Winn, Deborah M., Horm, John W., Draper, Patricia C.. Correlates of health status among black and white elderly. American Journal of Health Studies.14, (4), 199-211.1998.
  • Crimmins, Eileen M., Reynolds, Sandra L., Saito, Yasuhiko. Research grant summary. Social Security Bulletin.60, (3), 50-52.1997.
  • Crimmins, Eileen M., Saito, Yasuhiko, Reynolds, Sandra L.. Further Evidence on Recent Trends in the Prevalence and Incidence of Disability among Older Americans from Two Sources: The LSOA and the NHIS. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.52B, (2), S59-S71.1997.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/52B.2.S59 (DOI)
  • Kelly, Susan M., Miles-Doan, Rebecca. Social inequality and injuries: Do morbidity patterns differ from mortality?. Social Science and Medicine.44, (1), 63-70.1997.
  • Liao, Y., Cooper, R.S., Cao, G., Kaufman, J.S., Long, A.E., McGee, D.L.. Mortality from coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease among adult U.S. Hispanics: findings from the National Health Interview Survey (1986 to1994). Journal of the American College of Cardiology.30, (5), 1200-1205.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0735-1097(97)00278-7 (DOI)
  • Thamer, Mae, Richard, Christian, Casebeer, Adrianne Waldman, Ray, Nancy Fox. Health insurance coverage among foreign-born US residents: the impact of race, ethnicity and length of residence. American Journal of Public Health.87, (1), 96-102.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.1.96 (DOI)
  • Zwerling, Craig, Whitten, Paul S., Davis, Charles S., Sprince, Nancy L.. Occupational injuries among workers with disabilities: The National Health Interview Survey, 1985-1994. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.278, (24), 2163-2166.1997.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.278.24.2163 (DOI)
  • Berk, Marc L., Albers, Leigh Ann, Schur, Claudia L.. The growth in the US uninsured population: Trends in Hispanic subgroups, 1977 to 1992. American Journal of Public Health.86, (4), 572 -1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.4.572 (DOI)
  • Callahan, Leigh F., Rao, Jaya, Boutaugh, Michele. Arthritis and women's health: Prevalence, impact, and prevention. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.12, (5), 401-409.1996.
  • Currie, Janet, Gruber, Jonathan. Health Insurance Eligibility, Utilization of Medical Care, and Child Health. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (2), 431-466.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hurwitz, Eric Lewis. Predictors of back problems and back-related disability and the effects of comorbidity and other factors on back-related health-care utilization in the United States. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. 1996.
  • Kjerulff, Kristen H., Erickson, Beth A., Langenberg, Patricia W.. Chronic gynecological conditions reported by US women: Findings from the National Health Interview Survey, 1984 to 1992. American Journal of Public Health.86, (2), 195-199.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.2.195 (DOI)
  • Montgomery, Laura E., Kiely, John L., Pappas, Gregory. The effects of poverty, race, and family structure on US children's health: Data from the NHIS, 1978 through 1980 and 1989 through 1991. American Journal of Public Health.86, (10), 1401 -1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.10.1401 (DOI)
  • Sonnenberg, Amnon, Everhart, James E.. The prevalence of self-reported peptic ulcer in the United States. American Journal of Public Health.86, (2), 200-205.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.2.200 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Prevalence and impact of arthritis among women--United States, 1989-1991. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.273, (23), 1820 -1995.
  • Currie, Janet, Gruber, Jonathan. Health Insurance Eligibility, Utilization of Medical Care, and Child Health. NBER Working Paper Series.5052, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1995.
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  • McGrew, Kevin. Disability Summary Analyses of Select National Data Collection Programs. Technical Report 11.Minneapolis, MN: National Center on Educational Outcomes. 1995.
  • National Diabetes Data Group. Diabetes in America, 2nd Edition. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health. 1995.
  • Tanjasiri, Sora P., Wallace, Steven P., Shibata, Kazue. Picture imperfect: Hidden problems among Asian Pacific Islander elderly. Gerontologist.35, (6), 753 -1995.
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  • Waidmann, Timothy, Bound, John, Schoenbaum, Michael. The illusion of failure: Trends in self-reported health in the U.S. elderly. Milbank Quarterly.73, (2), 253-287.1995.
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  • Anonymous. Arthritis prevalence and activity limitations--United States, 1990. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.43, (24), 433-438.1994.
  • Anonymous. Arthritis prevalence and activity limitations--United States, 1990. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.272, (5), 346 -1994.
  • Anonymous. Prevalence of Self-Reported Epilepsy--United States, 1986-1990. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.43, (44), 810 -1994.
  • Anonymous. Prevalence of self-reported epilepsy--United States, 1986-1990. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.272, (24), 1893 -1994.
  • Blumberg, Mark S.. Impact of extending health care coverage to the uninsured. Health Affairs.13, (5), 181 -1994.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.13.5.181 (DOI)
  • Braus, Patricia. Buffalo's bills of health. American Demographics.16, (4), 38 -1994.
  • Ford, E., Malarcher, A., Herman, W., Aubert, Ronald E.. Diabetes mellitus and cigarette smoking: Findings from the 1989 National Health Interview Survey. Diabetes Care.17, 688-692.1994.
    • ID: 10.2337/diacare.17.7.688 (DOI)
  • McGrew, Kevin S., Spiegel, Amy N., Thurlow, Martha L., Kim, Dong-Il. Matching Information in National Data Collection Programs to a Model of School Completion Outcomes and Indicators. Technical Report.7, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. 1994.
  • Yelin, Edward H., Katz, Patricia P.. Labor force trends of persons with and without disabilities. Monthly Labor Review.117, (10), 36-42.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Anonymous. Metropolitan health. American Demographics.Marketing Power Supp, 8-2.1993.
  • Hafner-Eaton, C.. Physician utilization disparities between the uninsured and insured. Comparisons of the chronically ill, acutely ill, and well nonelderly populations. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.269, (6), 787-792.1993.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.269.6.787 (DOI)
  • Harris, M.I., Cowie, C.C., Howie, L.J.. Self-monitoring of blood glucose by adults with diabetes in the United States population. Diabetes Care.16, 1116-1123.1993.
    • ID: 10.2337/diacare.16.8.1116 (DOI)
  • Stang, P.E., Osterhaus, J.T.. Impact of migraine in the United States: data from the National Health Interview Survey. Headache.33, (1), 29-35.1993.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1526-4610.1993.hed3301029.x (DOI)
  • Gift, H.C., Newman, J.F.. Oral health activities of U.S. children: results of a National Health Interview Survey. Journal of the American Dental Association.123, (10), 96-106.1992.
  • Newacheck, Paul W., McManus, Margaret A., Gephart, J.. Health Insurance Coverage of Adolescents: A Current Profile and Assessment of Trends. Pediatrics.90, (4), 589-596.1992.
  • (author unknown). Public Use Data Tape Documentation, National Health Interview Survey 1989: Part II--Field Representative's Manual, HIS-100. Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 1990.
  • (author unknown). Public Use Data Tape Documentation, National Health Interview Survey 1989: Part III, Medical Coding Manual and Short Index. Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 1990.
  • Adams, Patricia F., Benson, Veronica. Current Estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, 1989. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10: Data from the National Health Survey.176, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1990.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1991): National Health Interview Survey, 1989. Archival Version. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.