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Variations in Criminal Patterns Among Narcotic Addicts in Baltimore and New York City, 1983-1984

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : clinical data, survey data
Creator
  • Nurco, David N.
  • Hanlon, Thomas E.
  • Kinlock, Timothy W.
  • Slaght, Evelyn
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1991-10-23
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
addiction; controlled drugs; crime patterns; criminality prediction; demographic characteristics; drug dependence; drug treatment; personality; rehabilitation
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection was undertaken to develop a typology of narcotic addicts according to the kind, frequency, and seriousness of their crimes and to identify the most serious criminal offenders, thereby determining which individuals were best suited to rehabilitation. The following questions are addressed by the data: (1) What "types" of narcotic addicts can be distinguished in terms of their criminal behavior? Which of these types are amenable to rehabilitation? (2) At what time during their addiction careers do addicts commit the most crime? Do narcotic addicts "mature" out of addiction? (3) What is the relationship between individuals' involvement in crime prior to addiction and their criminal activity and drug use over their addiction career? (4) Which demographic, personality, or other factors are associated with serious crime committed during periods of narcotic addiction? (5) What are the contributions of situational and dispositional factors to the relationship between addiction and crime? Part 1 of the collection details the subjects' addiction careers, the age they first used various drugs, the age they first became addicted to narcotics, the amount of time they were addicted/not addicted to narcotics, and the total length of their addiction careers. Part 2 contains variables generated by cluster analysis, including cluster assignment or "type." Part 3 includes the educational, occupational, and arrest histories of the subjects, as well as the drug use and arrest histories of their families. The Part 4 file consists of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory and Raven Progressive Matrix scores. The frequency and types of crime that subjects committed during the preaddiction period comprise Part 5, while the frequency and nature of drug use during the preaddiction period comprise Part 6. Parts 7 and 8 contain crime variables and drug use variables, respectively, across all nonaddiction periods. Finally, Part 9 contains data characterizing crime across all addiction periods, and Part 10 contains variables regarding drug use across total addiction periods.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Addiction Career Data File
    • DS2: Cluster Assignment Data File
    • DS3: School, Employment, Criminal Justice, and Family
    • DS4: MMPI and Raven Scores
    • DS5: Crime During Preaddiction Period
    • DS6: Drug Use During Preaddiction Periods
    • DS7: Crime Across Nonaddiction Periods
    • DS8: Drug Use Across Nonaddiction Periods
    • DS9: Crime Across Addiction Periods
    • DS10: Drug Use Across Total Addiction Periods
Temporal Coverage
  • 1983-05 / 1984-04
    Time period: 1983-05--1984-04
  • 1983-05 / 1984-04
    Collection date: 1983-05--1984-04
Geographic Coverage
  • Baltimore
  • Maryland
  • New York (state)
  • New York City
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Male narcotic addicts in Baltimore and New York City.
Sampling
Data were collected from interviews with 250 male narcotic addicts. These men were consecutively admitted as outpatients to methadone treatment centers in Baltimore and New York City between May 1983 and April 1984. The Baltimore sample was drawn from the outpatient population of five treatment centers. The New York sample was drawn from a single large-capacity center. Individuals who experienced a first period of narcotic addiction at least two years before the interview and who were at least 25 years of age were eligible for the study.
Collection Mode
  • The data are organized by topic into a series of ten data files. Each file contains data for 250 cases, with the exception of Parts 4, 7, and 8, in which some cases have been deleted because data are missing for the entire case.

Note
2013-05-15 Incomplete SAS transport (xpt) file for dataset 4 was replaced with SAS CPORT (stc).2006-03-30 File CB9586.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2002-06-27 The data files were converted from card image format to logical record length, and the codebook was converted to PDF format. Data definition statements for both SAS and SPSS were added. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (86-IJ-CX-0030).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9586 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09586.v1
Publications
  • Nurco, David N.. A long-term program of research on drug use and crime. Substance Use and Misuse.33, (9), 1817-1837.1998.
  • Nurco, David, Hanlon, Thomas E., Balter, Mitchell B., Kinlock, Timothy W., Slaght, Evelyn F.. A classification of narcotic addicts based on type, amount, and severity of crime. Journal of Drug Issues.21, (2), 429-448.1991.
  • Duszynski, Karen R., Hanlon, Thomas E., Kinlock, Timothy W., Nurco, David N.. Trends in criminal activity and drug use over an addiction career. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.16, (3/4), 223-238.1990.
  • Nurco, David N., Hanlon, Thomas E., Kinlock, Timothy W., Slaght, E.. Drug Offender Typology Development: Final Report for the National Institute of Justice. Baltimore, MD: Friends Medical Science Research Center. 1989.
  • Nurco, David N., Hanlon, Thomas E., Kinlock, Timothy W., Slaght, E.. Variations in Criminal Patterns Among Narcotic Addicts. Executive Summary for the National Institute of Justice. Baltimore, MD: Friends Medical Science Research Center. 1989.
  • Nurco, David N., Hanlon, Thomas E., Kinlock, Timothy W., Duszynski, Karen R.. Differential Criminal Patterns of Narcotic Addicts Over an Addiction Career. Criminology.26, (3), 407-423.1988.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1988.tb00848.x (DOI)
  • Nurco, David. N., Kinlock, Timothy W., Hanlon, Thomas E., Ball, John C.. Nonnarcotic Drug Use Over an Addiction Career: A Study of Heroin Addicts in Baltimore and New York City. Comprehensive Psychiatry.29, (5), 450-459.1988.
    • ID: 10.1016/0010-440X(88)90060-0 (DOI)
  • Shaffer, John W., Nurco, David N., Hanlon, Thomas E., Kinlock, Timothy W., Duszynski, Karen R., Stephenson, Philip. MMPI-168 profiles of male narcotic addicts by ethnic group and city. Journal of Clinical Psychology.44, (2), 292-298.1988.
    • ID: 10.1002/1097-4679(198803)44:2<292::AID-JCLP2270440234>3.0.CO;2-9 (DOI)
  • Nurco, David N., Ball, John C., Shaffer, John W., Kinlock, Timothy W., Langrod, John. A comparison by race/ethnicity of narcotic addict crime rates in Baltimore, New York, and Philadelphia. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.12, (4), 297-307.1986.
    • ID: 10.3109/00952998609016872 (DOI)
  • Nurco, David N., Shaffer, John W., Ball, John C., Kinlock, Timothy W., Langrod, J.. A comparison by ethnic group and city of the criminal activities of narcotic addicts. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.174, (2), 112-116.1986.
    • ID: 10.1097/00005053-198602000-00007 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Nurco, David N.; Hanlon, Thomas E.; Kinlock, Timothy W.; Slaght, Evelyn (1991): Variations in Criminal Patterns Among Narcotic Addicts in Baltimore and New York City, 1983-1984. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09586