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Effects of Local Sanctions on Serious Criminal Offending in Cities with Populations Over 100,000, 1978-1983: [United States]

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • Sampson, Robert J.
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1991-10-23
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
aggravated assault; arrest rates; arson; auto theft; burglary; cities; demographic characteristics; homicide; inmate populations; jail inmates; jails; larceny; rape; Uniform Crime Reports
Description
  • Abstract

    These data assess the effects of the risk of local jail incarceration and of police aggressiveness in patrol style on rates of violent offending. The collection includes arrest rates for public order offenses, size of county jail populations, and numbers of new prison admissions as they relate to arrest rates for index (serious) crimes. Data were collected from seven sources for each city. CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: SUMMARY TAPE FILE 1A (ICPSR 7941), provided county-level data on number of persons by race, age, and age by race, number of persons in households, and types of households within each county. CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING, 1980 [UNITED STATES]: SUMMARY TAPE FILE 3A (ICPSR 8071), measured at the city level, provided data on total population, race, age, marital status by sex, persons in household, number of households, housing, children, and families above and below the poverty level by race, employment by race, and income by race within each city. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) 1980 data provided variables on total offenses and offense rates per 100,000 persons for homicides, rapes, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, motor vehicle offenses, and arson. Data from the FBI for 1980-1982, averaged per 100,000, provided variables for the above offenses by sex, age, and race, and the Uniform Crime Report arrest rates for index crimes within each city. The NATIONAL JAIL CENSUS for 1978 and 1983 (ICPSR 7737 and ICPSR 8203), aggregated to the county level, provided variables on jail capacity, number of inmates being held by sex, race, and status of inmate's case (awaiting trial, awaiting sentence, serving sentence, and technical violations), average daily jail populations, number of staff by full-time and part-time, number of volunteers, and number of correctional officers. The JUVENILE DETENTION AND CORRECTIONAL FACILITY CENSUS for 1979 and 1982-1983 (ICPSR 7846 and 8205), aggregated to the county level, provided data on the number of individuals being held by type of crime and sex, as well as age of juvenile offenders by sex, average daily prison population, and payroll and other expenditures for the institutions.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1978 / 1983
    Time period: 1978--1983
  • 1987-01-06 / 1988-07-06
    Collection date: 1987-01-06--1988-07-06
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Cities in the United States with populations over 100,000.
Collection Mode
  • (1) The data and codebook were originally prepared and distributed by Sociometrics Corporation, Los Altos, CA, under contract with the National Institute of Justice. (2) The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Note
1998-02-23 The data were converted from card image to logical record length format. SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available for the dataset, and the documentation is provided as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (86-IJ-CX-0060).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9590 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09590.v1
Publications
  • Shihadeh, Edward S., Steffensmeier, Darrell J.. Economic Inequality, Family Disruption, and Urban Black Violence: Cities as Units of Stratification and Social Control. Social Forces.73, (2), 729-751.1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2579828 (URL)
  • Messner, Steven F., Sampson, Robert J.. The sex ratio, family disruption, and rates of violent crime: The paradox of demographic structure. Social Forces.69, (3), 693-713.1991.
    • ID: 10.1093/sf/69.3.693 (DOI)
  • Sampson, Robert J., Groves, W. Byron. Community structure and crime: Testing social-disorganization theory. American Journal of Sociology.94, (4), 774-802.1989.
    • ID: 10.1086/229068 (DOI)
  • Sampson, Robert J., Cohen, J.. Deterrent Effects of the Police on Crime: A Replication and Theoretical Extension. Law and Society Review.22, 163-189.1988.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3053565 (URL)
  • Sampson, Robert J.. Urban Black Violence: The Effect of Male Joblessness and Family Disruption. American Journal of Sociology.93, (2), 348-382.1987.
    • ID: 10.1086/228748 (DOI)
  • Sampson, Robert J.. Crime in cities: The effects of formal and informal social control. Communities and Crime.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1986.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Sampson, Robert J. (1991): Effects of Local Sanctions on Serious Criminal Offending in Cities with Populations Over 100,000, 1978-1983: [United States]. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09590.v2