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Survey of Parents and Children, 1990: [United States]

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • National Commission on Children
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
after school programs; attitudes; children; families; family life; lifestyles; neighborhoods; parents; peer influence; recreation; schools
  • Abstract

    This data collection was designed to assess the well-being, attitudes, and life circumstances of American families. Interviews were conducted with a sample of parents and their children between the ages of 10 and 17. Children were asked questions about their neighborhood and school, such as whether they thought their neighborhood was a good place for children to grow up, whether they liked school, and whether they experienced peer pressure to engage in various behaviors. They were also asked how they spent their time during the summer, whether they could confide in their parents, and whether they often spent time in the house alone. Children who did not reside with their biological parents were asked about frequency and nature of contact with biological parents. Additional questions concerned weekend, after-school, and family activities. Parents were asked similar questions about their children's activities and behavior, as well as questions about their own attitudes and concerns regarding parenting.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data File
    • DS2: Data Dictionary
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1990
  • Collection date: 1990
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Parents in the continental United States living with their children.
National sample of 1,738 parents in the continental United States living with their children. Households with children aged 10 and over were oversampled, as were households with Black and Hispanic children. A sample of 929 children aged 10-17 living in households selected for the study was also interviewed.
Collection Mode
  • The database dictionary is an ASCII text file, and the codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

1999-05-12 SAS and SPSS data definition statements were added to this collection, and the codebook is now provided as a PDF file.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9595 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Hill, Nancy E., Tyson, Diana F.. Parental involvement in middle school: A meta-analytic assessment of the strategies that promote achievement. Developmental Psychology.45, (3), 740-763.2009.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0015362 (DOI)
  • Warr, Mark. Making Delinquent Friends: Adult Supervision and Children's Affiliations. Criminology.43, (1), 77-105.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0011-1348.2005.00003.x (DOI)
  • Killough, Alvin L., Webster, Wendy L., Brown, Valerie B., Houck, Eric, Edwards, Christopher L., Logue, Patrick E.. African American violence exposure: An emerging health issue. Surmounting All Odds: Education, Opportunity, and Society in the New Millennium, Volume 1.Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. 2003.
  • Ray, Corey E.. Perceived Parental Support and Adolescents' Psychological Well-Being: Examining the Effects of Perceived Peer Pressure and General Attitude Toward School on This Relationship. Thesis, Michigan State University. 2002.
  • Shumow, Lee, Lomax, Richard. Parental efficacy: Predictor of parenting behavior and adolescent outcomes. Parenting.2, (2), 127-150.2002.
    • ID: 10.1207/S15327922PAR0202_03 (DOI)
  • Shumow, Lee, Lomax, Richard G.. Predicting perceptions of school safety. School Community Journal.11, 93-112.2001.
  • Killough, Alvin L., Edwards, Christopher L., Drewes, Donald W.. Underlying Construct Analysis (UCA): Where individual systems end and human systems begin. . 2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Icard, Larry D., Longres, John F., Spencer, Michael. Racial minority status and distress among children and adolescents. Journal of Social Service Research.25, (1-2), 19-40.1999.
    • ID: 10.1300/J079v25n01_02 (DOI)
  • Killough, Alvin L.. Structural Systems Analysis: Influence of Latent Cultural-Ecological Factors on the Academic Achievement of American Youth. Dissertation, North Carolina State University. 1999.
  • Myers, Steven A., Miller, Cheryl. Relations among Neighborhood Characteristics, Parenting, and Child Outcome. American Sociological Association. 1999.
  • Voydanoff, Patricia, Donnelly, B.W.. Risk and protective factors for psychological adjustment and grades among adolescents. Journal of Family Issues.20, (3), 328-349.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251399020003002 (DOI)
  • Zuniga Zarate, Jose Guillermo. An Ecological Analysis of Discipline as a Child Abuse-Like Parental Behavior. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 1999.
  • Voydanoff, Patricia, Donnelly, Brenda W.. Parents' risk and protective factors as prediction of parental well-being and behavior. Journal of Marriage and Family.60, (2), 344-355.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Voydanoff, Patricia, Donnelly, Brenda W.. Parents' and children's community resources and children's well-being. American Sociological Association. 1996.
  • Wu, Ming-Yeh. Reconceptualizing Parental Control and its Relationship to Adolescent Academic Success and Involvement in Fighting Behavior. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1995.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

National Commission on Children (1992): Survey of Parents and Children, 1990: [United States]. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.