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Termination of Criminal Careers: Measurement of Rates and Their Determinants in Detroit SMSA, 1974-1977

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
Creator
  • Cohen, Jacqueline
  • Blumstein, Alfred
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1992-01-10
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; assault; auto theft; burglary; career criminals; criminal histories; murder; rape; robbery
Description
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this collection was to measure the length of criminal careers and to correlate these lengths with other characteristics such as age, race, sex, type of crimes committed, and frequency of prior arrests. Determining the length of criminal activity and its relation to other attributes is important in planning for services such as prison space. Because of the difficulty in directly monitoring illegal acts, arrests were used instead as an indicator of criminal activity. Arrest data were gathered for murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and automobile theft. Using the first arrest as an adult which took place between 1974 and 1977 as a reference point, individuals' prior and continued activities were followed. The data provide basic demographic information about offenders and extensive information about arrests, from arrest charges through final disposition.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data File
    • DS2: SAS Data Definition Statements
Temporal Coverage
  • 1926 / 1982
    Time period: 1926--1982
Geographic Coverage
  • Detroit
  • Michigan
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adults aged 17 years and older who, between January 1, 1974, and December 31, 1977, were arrested for the following offenses: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, or auto theft.
Collection Mode
  • This is a hierarchical dataset consisting of person and arrest records. The person records provide information about the offender and consist of seven variables. The arrest records provide information on each offender's arrest incidents and are made up of 53 variables. These two types of records are grouped in the file sequentially by offender. In all, there are 21,004 person records and 123,535 arrest records in the data file.

Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (86-IJ-CX-0047).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9666 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09666.v1
Publications
  • Britt, Chester L.. The measurement of specialization and escalation in the criminal career: An alternative modeling strategy. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.12, (2), 193-222.1996.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02354415 (DOI)
  • Golub, Andrew. The Termination Rate of Adult Criminal Careers. Working Paper.NCJ 132878, Carnegie Mellon University, School of Urban and Public Affairs. 1990.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/132878NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Barnett, Arnold, Blumstein, Alfred, Farrington, David P.. A prospective test of a criminal career model. Criminology.27, (2), 373-388.1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1989.tb01038.x (DOI)
  • Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., Golub, A.. Estimation of Rates of Termination of Criminal Careers. Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Reno, NV. 1989.
  • Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., Golub, A.. Termination Rates of Adult Criminal Careers. NCJ 127856, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1989.
  • Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., Golub, A.. Termination Rates of Adult Criminal Careers, Draft. NCJ 126663, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1989.
  • Blumstein, Alfred, Cohen, Jacqueline, Golub, Andrew. The Termination Rate of Adult Criminal Careers. NCJ 126663, Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Mellon University, School of Urban and Public Affairs. 1989.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126663NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Blumstein, A., Cohen, J.. Estimating the Duration of Adult Criminal Careers. International Statistical Institute.Amsterdam, Netherlands. 1985.
  • Cohen, Jacqueline. Incapacitation as a strategy for crime control: Possibilities and pitfalls. Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1983.
  • Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., Hsieh, P.. The Duration of Adult Criminal Careers, Final Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1982.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Cohen, Jacqueline; Blumstein, Alfred (1992): Termination of Criminal Careers: Measurement of Rates and Their Determinants in Detroit SMSA, 1974-1977. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09666