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National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART), 1988

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, aggregate data, and event/transaction data
Creator
  • Finkelhor, David (University of New Hampshire)
  • Hotaling, Gerald (University of Lowell)
  • Sedlak, Andrea (Westat, Inc.)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1992-03-04
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Language
English
Free Keywords
drug use; family relationships; juveniles; kidnapping; missing children
Description
  • Abstract

    This collection was undertaken in response to the mandate of the 1984 Missing Children Act. The objective of the act was to estimate the incidence of five categories of children: children abducted by family members, children abducted by nonfamily members, runaways, thrownaways (those not wanted by their families or taken from families because of abuse or neglect), and children considered missing. Data were collected by several different methods. The centerpiece of this collection is a household survey (Parts 19, 20, and 35) that interviewed families to determine whether any children fit the categories under study. Basic demographic information on age, race, and sex was collected, and questions on the family situation were asked of identified children and their parents and siblings. A survey of juvenile facilities (Parts 28 and 29) was also conducted to determine how many children had run away from these facilities. Facility administrators were prompted for demographic information on the runaways as well as for information on the structure of the runaways' families. In addition, a survey of returned runaways (children who had run away and returned home) (Part 30) was completed to find out whether children's accounts of runaway episodes matched the accounts given by their parents. Children were queried about their relationships with their parents and their views of their contributions to the family. They were also asked about each specific runaway episode: whether they actually ran away or were asked to leave, how long the episode lasted, whether friends knew about it, whether friends accompanied them, whether they used drugs before, during, or after the episode, how they were found, where they were found, and whether disciplinary action was taken. The police records component (Parts 31-33) contains information on homicides, abductions, and sexual assaults.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS19: Institution and Child Link Segment Data
    • DS20: Institution Type Data
    • DS28: Juvenile Facilities Survey, Part 1
    • DS29: Juvenile Facilities Survey, Part 2
    • DS30: Returned Runaways Survey
    • DS31: Police Records--Abductions Data
    • DS32: Police Records--Homicide Data
    • DS33: Police Records--Sexual Assault Data
    • DS35: Household Hierarchical Data
    • DS36: SAS Data Definition Statements for Household Hierarchical Data
    • DS37: SAS Data Definition Statements for Institution and Child Link Segment Data
    • DS38: SAS Data Definition Statements for Institution Type Data
    • DS39: SAS Data Definition Statements for Juvenile Facilities Survey, Part 1
    • DS40: SAS Data Definition Statements for Juvenile Facilities Survey, Part 2
    • DS41: SAS Data Definition Statements for Returned Runaways Survey
    • DS42: SAS Data Definition Statements for Police Records--Abductions Data
    • DS43: SAS Data Definition Statements for Police Records--Homicide Data
    • DS44: SAS Data Definition Statements for Police Records--Sexual Assault Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1988
  • 1988 / 1989
    Collection date: 1988--1989
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All households in the United States.
Sampling
(1) The sample for the household survey was generated through computerized random-digit dialing. (2) The sample for the juvenile facilities was generated by asking respondents in the household survey if any child in the family had lived in some type of facility such as a boarding school for at least two weeks in the previous year. A juvenile facility in the sample had a probability of being nominated in proportion to the number of children in the facility from telephone households. (3) The sample for the returned runaway file was constituted from the household survey. Households indicating a returned runaway incident were included in this sample. (4) The police records survey was conducted from a stratified random sample based upon region of country, level of urbanization, and population by age.
Collection Mode
  • (1) ICPSR originally received 27 separate rectangular files for the household survey. Twenty-five of these files were combined and sorted into one hierarchical file, Part 35, Household Hierarchical Data. The hierarchical file has 140,611 records, 2,175 variables, and a logical record length of 386. One record was deleted from record type 06, the ABNM Segment, because it contained only missing data. The other two household rectangular files appear separately, as Part 19, Institution and Child Link Segment Data, and Part 20, Institution Type Data. (2) The part numbers begin with Part 19.

Note
1996-11-21 SAS and SPSS data definition statements, formerly distributed in multiple files, have been concatenated into single files. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (87-MC-CX-K069).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9682 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Simmons, Clara. Representation of Missing Children in National Television News. Thesis, West Virginia University. 2013.
  • Lampinen, James Michael, Arnal, Jack D., Culbertson-Faegre, Amber, Sweeney, Lindsey. Missing and abducted children. Protecting Children from Violence: Evidence-Based Interventions.New York, NY: Psychology Press. 2011.
  • Finkelhor, David. Developmental Victimology: The Comprehensive Study of Childhood Victimization. Victims of Crime (3rd ed.).Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/CV142L.pdf (URL)
  • Sedlak, Andrea, Finkelhor, David, Hammer, Heather. National Estimates of Children Missing Involunarily or for Benign Reasons. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.NCJ 206180, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.org/pdffiles1/ojjdp/206180.pdf (URL)
  • Hammer, Heather, Finkelhor, David, Sedlak, Andrea J., Porcellini, Lorraine E.. National Estimates of Missing Children: Selected Trends, 1988-1999. NISMART: National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children.NCJ 206179, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/206179.pdf (URL)
  • Shutt, J. Eagle, Miller, J. Mitchell, Schreck, Christopher J., Brown, Nancy K.. Reconsidering the leading myths of stranger child abduction. Criminal Justice Studies.17, (1), 127-134.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/0888431042000217688 (DOI)
  • Bolen, Rebecca M.. Nonoffending mothers of sexually abused children: A case of institutionalized sexism?. Violence Against Women.9, (11), 1336-1366.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077801203256001 (DOI)
  • Finkelhor, David, Hashima, Patricia Y.. The Victimization of Children and Youth: A Comprehensive Overview. Handbook of Youth and Justice.New York: Klewer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/Chap4.pdf (URL)
  • Carmody, Diane Cyr, Plass, Peggy S.. Family abductions: An examination of the role of offender gender. Gender Issues.18, (2), 58-73.2000.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12147-000-0011-4 (DOI)
  • Simons, Andre B., Willie, Jeannine. Runaway or abduction? Assessment tools for the first responder. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin.69, (11), 1-7.2000.
  • Lewit, Eugene M.. Missing children. Future of Children.8, (2), 141 -1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1602681 (URL)
  • Plass, Peggy S.. A typology of family abduction events. Child Maltreatment.3, (3), 244-250.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559598003003004 (DOI)
  • Best, Joel, Thibodeau, Tracy M.. Measuring the scope of social problems: Apparent inconsistencies across estimates of family abductions. Justice Quarterly.14, (4), 719-737.1997.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829700093561 (DOI)
  • Plass, Peggy S., Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald T.. Risk factors for family abduction: Demographic and family interaction characteristics. Journal of Family Violence.12, (3), 333-348.1997.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1022805005953 (DOI)
  • Finkelhor, David, Asdigian, Nancy, Hotaling, Gerald. New categories of missing children: Injured, lost, delinquent and victims of caregiver mix-ups. Child Welfare.75, (4), 291 -1996.
  • Plass, Peggy S., Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald T.. Family abduction outcomes: Factors associated with duration and emotional trauma to children. Youth and Society.28, (1), 109-130.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X96028001005 (DOI)
  • Asdigian, Nancy L., Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald. Varieties of nonfamily abduction of children and adolescents. Criminal Justice and Behavior.22, (3), 215-232.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854895022003002 (DOI)
  • Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald, Asdigian, Nancy. Attempted non-family abductions. Child Welfare.74, (5), 941-955.1995.
  • Messerschmidt, Pamela, MCalla, Molly, Mead, Karen, Snyder, Howard. Potential of NIBRS for Supporting National Studies of Non-Family Abductions of Children. NCJ 170544, . 1995.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/170544NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Plass, Peggy S., Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald T.. Police response to family abduction episodes. Crime and Delinquency.41, (2), 205-218.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128795041002003 (DOI)
  • Plass, Peggy S., Hotaling, Gerald T.. The intergenerational transmission of running away: Childhood experiences of the parents of runaways. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.24, (3), 335-348.1995.
  • Asdigian, Nancy L., Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald T.. Varieties of Non-Family Abduction: Additional Analyses from the National Incidence Study of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART). NCJ 152230, . 1993.
  • Donnelly, Denise, Finkelhor, David. Who has joint custody? Class differences in the determination of custody arrangements. Family Relations.42, (1), 57-60.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/584922 (URL)
  • Plass, Peggy S., Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald T.. Predicting Duration and Harm in Family Abduction Episodes. . 1993.
  • Donnelly, Denise, Finkelhor, David. Does Equality in Custody Arrangements Improve the Parent-Child Relationship?. Journal of Marriage and Family.54, (4), 837-845.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353165 (URL)
  • Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald T., Sedlak, Andrea J.. The abduction of children by strangers and nonfamily members: Estimating the incidence using multiple methods. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.7, (2), 226-243.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/088626092007002008 (DOI)
  • Carmody, Diane Cyr. Parental Abductions in the Context of Legal, Familial, Social and Cultural Variables. Dissertation, University of New Hampshire. 1991.
  • Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald, Sedlak, Andrea. Children Abducted by Family Members: A National Household Survey of Incidence and Episode Characteristics. Journal of Marriage and Family.53, (3), 805-817.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/352753 (URL)
  • Finkelhor, David, Hotaling, Gerald, Sedlak, Andrea. Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children in America, First Report: Numbers and Characteristics, National Indcidence Studies. NCJ 123668, Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and delinquency Prevention. 1990.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/nismart90.pdf; https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/123668NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Hotaling, Gerald T., Finkelhor, David. Estimating the number of stranger-abduction homicides of children: A review of available evidence. Journal of Criminal Justice.18, (5), 385-399.1990.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(90)90055-G (DOI)
  • Sedlak, Andrea J., Mohadjer, Leyla, Hudock, Valerie. NISMART: Household Survey Methodology. NCJ 152267, . 1990.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/152267NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Sedlak, Andrea J., Mohadjer, Leyla, McFarland, JoAnne, Hudock, Valerie. Police Records Study Methodology. National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (SMART).NCJ 152210, Rockville, MD: Westat. 1990.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/152210NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Hotaling, Gerald T.. Returned Runaway Study Methodology. National Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway and Thrownaway Children (NISMART).NCJ 152955, . .
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/152955NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Finkelhor, David; Hotaling, Gerald; Sedlak, Andrea (1992): National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children (NISMART), 1988. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09682.v1