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Euro-Barometer 35.0: Foreign Relations, the Common Agricultural Policy, and Environmental Concerns, Spring 1991

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Reif, Karlheinz
  • Melich, Anna
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
agricultural policy; attitudes; economic integration; energy policy; environmental attitudes; European unification; European Union; foreign policy; German reunification; immigration policy; life satisfaction; NATO; nuclear energy; nuclear waste; Persian Gulf War; political influence; public opinion; quality of life; social change; trust (psychological); voter preferences
  • Abstract

    This round of Euro-Barometer surveys investigated foreign policy attitudes and, in particular, the level of trust respondents felt toward the United States and the Soviet Union, their assessment of the abilities of both nations to deal responsibly with world problems, the importance of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the use of military force against Iraq. Respondents were also asked to evaluate the importance and influence of the European Community on their own lives, and to give their opinions on the value of a general European citizenship, the recent unification of Germany, whether aid should be given to the Soviet Union, current immigration policies, the importance of the European Parliament, the value of the proposed Single European Market, and prospective policies and composition of the European Community by the year 2000. Other queries focused on the effectiveness of the Common Agricultural Policy and the result of potential reforms of this policy on European farmers. Another set of questions probed attitudes toward energy and environmental issues. Respondents were asked about the availability and costs of energy products, whether energy prices should be uniform throughout Community countries, the importance of possible changes in the environment, future sources of energy, the value of nuclear power, and knowledge of sources of radiation and potential risks of contamination. As in previous Euro-Barometers, questions on political party preference asked respondents which party they felt closest to, how they voted in their country's last general election, and how they would vote if a general election were held tomorrow. Additional information was gathered on family income, number of people residing in the home, size of locality, home ownership, region of residence, occupation of the head of household, and the respondent's age, sex, education, religion, religiosity, subjective social class standing, socio-professional status, and left-right political self-placement.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1991
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • Europe
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • United Kingdom
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.
Multistage national probability samples.
Collection Mode
  • Data processing for this collection was initially performed at the Zentralarchiv fuer Empirische Sozialforschung in Koeln, Germany. ICPSR completed the processing.

1998-12-07 Data for all previously-embargoed variables are now available. Also, SAS data definition statements and machine-readable documentation with frequencies have been prepared and are available for this collection. In addition, the data collection instrument is being released as a PDF file.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9697 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09697.v1
  • Nadeau, Richard, Niemi, Richard G., Yoshinaka, Antoine. A cross-national analysis of economic voting: Taking account of the political context across time and nations. Electoral Studies.21, (3), 403-423.2002.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0261-3794(01)00002-6 (DOI)
  • Schild, Joachim. National v. European identities? French and Germans in the European multi-level system. Journal of Common Market Studies.39, (2), 331-351.2001.
  • Kaase, Max. Interpersonal trust, political trust and non-institutionalised political participation in Western Europe. West European Politics.22, (3), 1-21.1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/01402389908425313 (DOI)
  • Hayo, Bernd. Inflation culture, central bank independence and price stability. European Journal of Political Economy.14, (2), 241-263.1998.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0176-2680(98)00006-8 (DOI)
  • Smits, Jeroen, Ultee, Wout, Lammers, Jan. Effects of occupational status differences between spouses on the wife's labor force participation and occupational achievement. Journal of Marriage and Family.58, (1), 101 -1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Nidermayer, Oskar, Sinnott, Richard. Public Opinion and Internationalized Governance. Beliefs in Government.New York: Oxford University Press. 1995.
  • Smith, Steven K., Wertman, Douglas A.. Redefining U.S.-West European Relations in the 1990s: West European Public Opinion in the Post-Cold War Era. PS, Political Science and Politics.25, (2), 188-195.1992.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna (1994): Euro-Barometer 35.0: Foreign Relations, the Common Agricultural Policy, and Environmental Concerns, Spring 1991. Version 2. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.