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Testing Theories of Criminality and Victimization in Seattle, 1960-1990

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and census/enumeration data
  • Miethe, Terance D.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
citizen participation; citizen patrols; crime control; crime rates; criminality; neighborhoods; victimization
  • Abstract

    The primary objective of this study was to test criminal opportunity theories of victimization and the collective benefits or harm resulting from citizen-based crime control activities. Other areas of investigation included crime displacement, "free-rider" effects (i.e., crimes occurring in conjunction with other crimes), and a multilevel analysis of victimization risks. Two types of data were gathered for this collection. First, census tract data were used to identify tracts that had not changed their physical boundaries since 1960. In addition, statistics were gathered from police reports for the same years. Variables for the census tract data (Part 1) include median family income in constant 1980 dollars, average number of persons per occupied housing unit, percent of labor force taking public transportation to work, percent of children under 18 living with both parents, and percent of civilian labor force that was female. Police report variables in Part 1 include rates per 100,000 population for homicide, rape, robbery, assault, residential burglary, and automobile theft. Secondly, during a telephone survey of Seattle residents conducted in 1990, respondents were asked a variety of questions about their experiences with crime and victimization. These data, presented in Part 2, cover burglaries, stolen property, physical assaults by strangers, vandalism, car thefts, type of neighborhood, type of home, security measures taken, and sociodemographic conditions. The unit of analysis for this data collection is housing units.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Raw Data for Census Tracts, 1960-1980
    • DS2: Raw Data for Telephone Survey
Geographic Coverage
  • Seattle
  • Washington
  • United States
Sampled Universe
For the telephone survey, households in Seattle with telephones in 1990. For the census data, census tracts in Seattle that had not changed their physical boundaries since 1960.
Multistage clustered sampling of 600 selected city blocks and immediate neighbors on these blocks in 100 census tracts in Seattle, WA. Interviews were completed with 5,302 residents of these blocks/neighborhoods.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook and data collection instrument are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

2006-03-30 File CB9741.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1998-05-01 Missing data codes in this collection have been standardized, and the data have been reformatted from card image to logical record length. Also, SAS and SPSS data definition statements were created for this collection, and the codebook has been reformatted and is now available as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-8821407).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9741 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09741.v1
  • Kang, Ji Hyon. Participation in the community social control, the neighborhood watch groups: Individual- and neighborhood- related factors. Crime and Delinquency.61, (2), 188-212.2015.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128711398024 (DOI)
  • Hipp, John R.. Violent crime, mobility decisions, and neighborhood racial/ethnic transition. Social Problems.58, (3), 410-432.2011.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.2011.58.3.410 (DOI)
  • Hipp, John R.. Assessing crime as a problem: The relationship between residents' perception of crime and official crime rates over 25 years. Crime and Delinquency.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128710382264 (DOI)
  • Wilcox, Pamela, Madensen, Tamara D., Tillyer, Marie Skubak. Guardianship in context: Implications for burglary victimization risk and prevention. Criminology.45, (4), 771-803.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2007.00094.x (DOI)
  • Guest, Avery M., Cover, Jane K., Matsueda, Ross L., Kubrin, Charis E.. Neighborhood context and neighboring ties. City and Community.5, (4), 363-385.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6040.2006.00189.x (DOI)
  • Wilcox, Pamela, Quisenberry, Neil, Jones, Shayne. The built environment and community crime risk interpretation. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.40, (3), 322-345.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427803253801 (DOI)
  • Bellair, Paul E.. Informal surveillance and street crime: A complex relationship. Criminology.38, (1), 137-169.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb00886.x (DOI)
  • Quillian, Lincoln, Pager, Devah. Black Neighbors, Higher Crime? The Role of Racial Stereotypes in Evaluations of Neighborhood Crime. CDE Working Paper 2000-03.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rountree, Pamela Wilcox, Warner, Barbara D.. Social ties and crime: Is the relationship gendered?. Criminology.37, (4), 789-913.1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1999.tb00505.x (DOI)
  • Rountree, Pamela Wilcox. A reexamination of the crime-fear linkage. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.35, (3), 341-372.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427898035003005 (DOI)
  • Rountree, Pamela Wilcox, Land, Kenneth C.. Perceived Risk versus Fear of Crime: Empirical Evidence of Conceptually Distinct Reactions in Survey Data. Social Forces.74, (4), 1353-1376.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rountree, Pamela Wilcox, Land, Kenneth C., Miethe, Terance D.. Macro-micro integration in the study of victimization: A hierarchical logistic model analysis across Seattle neighborhoods. Criminology.32, (3), 387 -1994.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1994.tb01159.x (DOI)
  • Miethe, Terance D.. Citizen-Based Crime Control Activity and Victimization Risks: An Examination of Displacement and Free-Rider Effects. Criminology.29, (3), 419-439.1991.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1991.tb01073.x (DOI)
  • Wallace, Danielle, Louton, Brooks, Fornango, Robert. Do you see what I see?: Perceptual variation in reporting the presence of disorder cues. Social Science Research..
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2014.10.004 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Miethe, Terance D. (1992): Testing Theories of Criminality and Victimization in Seattle, 1960-1990. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.