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Use and Effectiveness of Fines, Jail, and Probation in Municipal Courts in Los Angeles County, 1981-1984

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • Glaser, Daniel
  • Gordon, Margaret A.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
criminal histories; fines; imprisonment; municipal courts; offender profiles; offenders; probation; restitution programs; sentencing
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this data collection was to identify those attributes of offenders that are most often associated with receiving particular types of financial penalties along with probation, such as fines, restitution, and cost of probation. A further purpose was to estimate the relative effectiveness of these penalties in preventing recidivism. Variables include descriptions of the type of offense and penalties received, the location of the court where sentencing took place, and information about the individual's race, age, gender, level of education, employment, living arrangements, and financial status. Prior arrests and convictions are included, as are arrests, convictions, and penalties subsequent to the original case under study. Also provided are six sets of variables that describe all offenders within each conviction category. These six groups provide additional information about the offender's background and behavior. The conviction categories include assault, burglary, drug crimes, driving under the influence, theft, and indecent exposure.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1981-01 / 1984-12
    Time period: 1981-01--1984-12
  • Collection date: 1986
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All Los Angeles County Department of Probation cases of assault, burglary, theft, drug crime, indecent exposure, and driving under the influence.
The data were compiled from the files of the Los Angeles County Department of Probation for closed probation cases from the county's municipal courts. Of the original 21,983 cases, 454 were disqualified because they opened before 1981 or because the case was dismissed. The 21,529 eligible cases were divided into six categories of conviction. All cases of offenders convicted of indecent exposure were included. From each of the remaining five conviction types, a random sample was drawn.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1999-12-14 SAS and SPSS data definition statements and a PDF version of the codebook have been added to this collection. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (86-IJ-CX-0028).
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9742 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Gordon, Margaret A., Glaser, Daniel. The Use and Effects of Financial Penalties in Municipal Courts. Criminology.29, (4), 651-676.1991.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1991.tb01083.x (DOI)
  • Glaser, Daniel, Gordon, Margaret A.. Exposing Indecent Exposure Crimes: Offenses and Their Adjudication. Sociology and Social Research.74, (3), 150-157.1990.
  • Glaser, Daniel, Gordon, Margaret A.. Profitable Penalties for Lower-Level Courts. Judicature.73, (5), 248-252.1990.
  • Hillsman, Sally T.. Fines and Day Fines. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1990.
  • Glaser, Daniel, Gordon, Margaret A.. Use and Effectiveness of Fines, Jail and Probation in Municipal Courts. NCJ 116284, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1988.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Glaser, Daniel; Gordon, Margaret A. (1993): Use and Effectiveness of Fines, Jail, and Probation in Municipal Courts in Los Angeles County, 1981-1984. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.