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Adaptation Process of Cuban (Mariel) and Haitian Refugees in South Florida, 1983-1987

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Portes, Alejandro (Johns Hopkins University. Department of Sociology)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Free Keywords
acculturation; cultural identity; cultural perceptions; demographic characteristics; population migration; refugees; social adjustment; socioeconomic status
  • Abstract

    This survey was designed to examine economic, social, and psychological adaptation of Cuban and Haitian refugees to American society. Cuban (those arriving from the port of Mariel) or Haitian immigrants aged 18 to 60 who arrived in the United States in 1980 or after and settled in designated areas in South Florida were interviewed in 1983 and 1984, with a follow-up interview being conducted in 1986 and 1987. The first interview elicited background information on the two refugee samples and established baseline data on their situations and attitudes shortly after their arrival in the United States. The follow-up interview was designed to gauge changes in respondents' socioeconomic situations, social relations, ethnic identities, and attitudes. Major demographic variables include marital status, number of children, education, present and prior occupations, date and community of birth, prior residency in the United States, and religious practices. Respondents were also asked about their reasons for coming to the United States, plans to change residency, perceptions of discrimination in the United States, and aspirations concerning future occupations, salary, education, and opportunities to reach their goals. The follow-up interview expanded upon or recorded changes in these areas and also added items on perception of problems in the United States, ethnicity of social relationships and neighborhood, satisfaction with living in the United States, plans to return to their homeland, languages spoken, read, and listened to, whether residence was owned or rented, and whether the respondent had become a United States citizen.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Cuban Data File
    • DS2: Haitian Data File
    • DS3: Cuban Data: SPSS Export File
    • DS4: Haitian Data: SPSS Export File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1983 / 1987
    Time period: 1983--1987
Geographic Coverage
  • Florida
  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Hialeah
  • Miami
  • Miami Beach
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Cuban immigrants (those arriving from the port city of Mariel) aged 18 to 60 who arrived in the United States in 1980 or after, living in households in the Florida cities of Miami, Miami Beach, Hialeah, and unincorporated Dade County divisions, and Haitian immigrants aged 18 to 60 who arrived in the United States in 1980 or after, living in households in the Florida cities of Miami and Fort Lauderdale and the town of Belle Glade.
Stratified multistage area samples.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook for this collection is in Spanish.

    The codebook and data collection instrument are provided in a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

2006-03-30 File CB9750.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-12-19 The multi-part data definition statements have been consolidated into single SAS and SPSS data definition statements files for each data file and the documentation was converted to a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-8215567). Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9750 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Portes, Alejandro, MacLeod, Dag. Educational progress of children of immigrants: The roles of class, ethnicity, and school context. Sociology of Education.69, (4), 255-275.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Portes, Alejandro, Kyle, David, Eaton, William W.. Mental illness and help-seeking behavior among Mariel Cuban and Haitian refugees in South Florida. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.33, (4), 283-298.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Portes, Alejandro, Rumbaut, Ruben G.. Immigrant America: A Portrait. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1990.
  • Portes, Alejandro, Jensen, Leif. The enclave and the entrants: Patterns of ethnic enterprise in Miami before and after Mariel. American Sociological Review.54, (6), 929-949.1989.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Portes, Alejandro, Stepick, Alex. Unwelcome immigrants: The labor market experiences of 1980 (Mariel) Cuban and Haitian refugees in South Florida. American Sociological Review.50, (4), 493-514.1985.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Portes, Alejandro (1993): Adaptation Process of Cuban (Mariel) and Haitian Refugees in South Florida, 1983-1987. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.