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National Health Interview Survey, 1985: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (HPDP) Smoking History During Pregnancy Supplement

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
alcohol consumption; chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; disease prevention; exercise; health; health behavior; health care; health care services; health policy; health problems; illness; occupational safety and health; physical fitness; pregnancy; smoking
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. In 1985, the NHIS questionnaire included a special section, the Health Promotions and Disease Prevention (HPDP) supplement, that queried female respondents aged 18 through 44 who had had live births in the past five years about smoking during pregnancy. Their responses to the supplement are recorded in this dataset, along with other information about them derived from the HPDP and the 1985 core questionnaire (see HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY, 1985 [ICPSR 8668]). Questions on smoking history during pregnancy included current pregnancy status, whether the respondent had ever smoked 100 cigarettes, whether she currently smoked, time elapsed since the respondent last smoked regularly, number of cigarettes the respondent smoked per day, whether the respondent smoked during pregnancy, number of cigarettes smoked before learning of pregnancy, number of cigarettes smoked after learning of pregnancy, whether the respondent smoked during most of last pregnancy, and whether the respondent was ever advised by a doctor to quit smoking. Other variables in the HPDP focus on health and fitness awareness, general health habits, injury control, child safety and health, high blood pressure, stress, exercise, smoking, alcohol use, dental care, and occupational safety and health. Variables from the core questionnaire include height, weight, age, race, sex, Hispanic origin, type of living quarters, region and metropolitan status of residence, marital status, veteran status, education, family income, health status, industry, occupation, activity limitation status, medical conditions, restricted activity days in the past two weeks, bed days in the past two weeks and past 12 months, time interval since the last doctor visit, and the number of doctor visits and short-stay hospital episodes in the past 12 months.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1985
  • Collection date: 1985
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Multistage probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9764 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09764.v1
  • Crews, Karen M.. Blacks as high risk smokers. Health Values.18, (1), 41-43.1994.
  • Rogers, Richard G.. Demographic characteristics of cigarette smokers in the United States. Social Biology.38, (1-2), 1-12.1991.
  • Wasserman, Jeffrey, Manning, Willard G., Newhouse, Joseph P., Winkler, John D.. The effects of excise taxes and regulations on cigarette smoking. Journal of Health Economics.10, (1), 43-64.1991.
    • ID: 10.1016/0167-6296(91)90016-G (DOI)
  • Fox, S.H., Brown, C., Koontz, A.M., Kessel, S.S.. Perceptions of risks of smoking and heavy drinking during pregnancy: 1985 NHIS findings. Public Health Reports.102, (1), 73-79.1987.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1992): National Health Interview Survey, 1985: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (HPDP) Smoking History During Pregnancy Supplement. Archival Version. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.