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Survey of School Psychology in Developed and Developing Countries, 1987-1990

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Oakland, Thomas L.
  • Cunningham, Jacqueline L.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • International School Psychology Association
Free Keywords
counseling; credentials; demographic characteristics; developing nations; education; health care services; international organizations; nations; regulation; research; school personnel
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to replicate surveys on school psychology conducted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the International Bureau of Education (IBE) in 1948 and 1954. Knowledgeable professionals in the field of school psychology were chosen in various countries to report on the current state of the field in their respective countries. For questions requiring information that was generally available but not necessarily common knowledge, respondents were asked to locate and supply this information. The survey includes data for 54 developed and developing countries. Major areas of investigation were (1) demographic characteristics of school psychologists, (2) roles and functions of school psychologists, (3) legal, political, and professional regulations governing the field, (4) preparation and credentialing of practitioners, (5) importance of research, (6) future trends in the field.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1987 / 1990
    Time period: 1987--1990
  • 1987 / 1990
    Collection date: 1987--1990
Geographic Coverage
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Members in one or more international psychology associations (e.g., International School Psychology Association, International Association of Applied Psychology).
Nonprobability sample of experts in social psychology, with particular expertise in the preparation of students in psychology for work in a school environment. Respondents were identified on the basis of professional association memberships (e.g., International School Psychology Association, International Association of Applied Psychology), acknowledgment of personal expertise in the area of school psychology by such national associations, a publication record in the area of school psychology, associations with established scholars in the area, and recommendation of the respondents' ministries of education.
Collection Mode
  • The data contain periods to represent system missing data for numeric variables.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9768 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09768.v1

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Oakland, Thomas L.; Cunningham, Jacqueline L. (1995): Survey of School Psychology in Developed and Developing Countries, 1987-1990. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.