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Wheat Trade and Wheat Prices in France, 1486-1913

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, and event/transaction data
  • Roehner, Bertrand
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
agricultural markets; agricultural production; agricultural zones; commodities; demographic fluctuations; food production; government officials; historic periods; markets; price fluctuations; price trends; trade; trend analysis; trends
  • Abstract

    This collection presents a historical survey of the price and quantity of wheat produced in different localities in France. The purpose of the study was to examine price trends of a major food commodity within an important agricultural market in Western Europe and, in particular, to measure the correlation between wheat price fluctuations and demographic fluctuations in France. Prices and quantities of wheat were recorded, either fortnightly or monthly, by local officials in the major wheat-growing areas and subsequently relayed to higher levels of the French government. These tables of information were finally copied and maintained by the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Commerce and Agriculture and ultimately deposited in the French National Archives.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Quantities of Wheat Sold on Specific Markets in France, 1825-1885
    • DS2: Wheat Prices in France, 1825-1913
    • DS3: Monthly Market Wheat Prices in Toulouse, 1486-1913
Temporal Coverage
  • 1486-01 / 1913-12
    Time period: 1486-01--1913-12
  • 1986-09 / 1987-06
    Collection date: 1986-09--1987-06
Geographic Coverage
  • France
  • Global
Sampled Universe
All wheat markets in France for which prices and quantities sold were recorded by the French administration in the nineteenth century.
A representative sample of wheat markets covering every part of France, with the exception of Alsace-Lorraine, were chosen. After eliminating those with imprecise or incomplete information, 53 markets comprised the final list. The northern half of France is more heavily represented since wheat production is more extensive there than in the south. Usually one market per "departement" (administrative area), either that of the largest city or of the center with the largest quantity of sales, was chosen for inclusion in the collection. In addition, several large ports, such as Cherbourg and Dieppe, and other cities, such as Chateaudun and Albi, were also included.
Collection Mode
  • These data are stored in a machine-readable tabular format with blanks used to separate elements within the tables. The files containing these data also include instructions for reading the tables.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 4 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9777 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09777.v1
  • Drame, Sylvie, et al. Un Siecle De Commerce Du Ble En France: 1825-1913: Les Fluctuations Du Champ Des Prix. Paris: Economica. 1991.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Roehner, Bertrand (1993): Wheat Trade and Wheat Prices in France, 1486-1913. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.