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Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey, 1989: [United States]

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
alcohol; attitudes; driving under the influence; drugs; health; marijuana; sleep; smoking; stress; teenagers; tobacco products; tobacco use
  • Abstract

    In this follow-up to the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), teenagers were interviewed to obtain information on tobacco use, including measures of prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and predictors of taking up smoking. Respondents were asked if they smoked or used chewing tobacco or snuff, or had in the past. If so, they were questioned as to when they started, how much they smoked, chewed, or snuffed during the last month, where they bought cigarettes, which brand of cigarettes, chewing tobacco, or snuff they usually bought, how many times they tried to stop these habits, and what was the longest time they stopped smoking cigarettes since they started smoking regularly. Nonsmokers were asked if they thought they might start smoking, if they had experimented with cigarette smoking, if they had ever been offered a cigarette, and how difficult it would be to obtain tobacco if they wanted to. The survey asked respondents if any of their household members, teachers, or friends smoked, if they had heard anything about the health risks of tobacco use on television, radio, or in newspapers or magazines, and if they believed that chewing tobacco or using snuff causes cancer. Attitudes toward tobacco use were also probed with questions such as whether respondents disliked being around people who smoked, whether they believed it was safe to smoke for only a year or two, if they preferred to date people who didn't smoke, if they thought they could stop smoking any time they wanted to, whether they thought their friends approved or disapproved of their smoking, chewing, or snuffing, and if they thought their parents would mind if they smoked when they were older. Respondents were also asked if they believed there was any harm in having an occasional cigarette, and if they believed smoking helps people to relax, to keep down their weight, and to reduce boredom and stress. In addition to questions about tobacco use, the survey queried respondents about their attitudes regarding seat belts, fitness, alcohol, marijuana, drugs in general, school, and diet. They were also asked whether, during the last year, they had been in an accident or physical fight, had been in a car with a drunk driver, or had ridden on a motorcycle, and how often they had trouble going to sleep, felt unhappy or depressed, felt hopeless about the future, felt nervous or tense, or worried too much. Demographic and socioeconomic information provided in the data file includes respondents' race, education, and geographic region, reference persons' race, education, occupation, and marital status, presence of parent(s) or other adult relative in household, family income, and education of the adult.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data File
    • DS2: SAS Control Cards
    • DS4: August 1992 Errata
Temporal Coverage
  • 1988 / 1989
    Time period: 1988--1989
  • 1988 / 1989
    Collection date: 1988--1989
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian noninstitutionalized teenagers, aged 12-18, residing in the United States.
A sample of 12,097 teenagers was drawn from the last two quarters of the 1988 NHIS and the first two quarters of the 1989 NHIS. NHIS households were selected by stratified multistage probability area sampling.
Collection Mode
  • Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS.

This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9786 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Wang, Min Qi. Social environmental influences on adolescents' smoking progression. American Journal of Health Behavior.25, (4), 418-425.2001.
    • ID: 10.5993/AJHB.25.4.7 (DOI)
  • Wang, Min Qi, Fitzhugh, Eugene C., Green, Bernard Lee, Turner, Lori W., Eddy, James M., Westerfield, R. Carl. Prospective social-psychological factors of adolescent smoking progression. Journal of Adolescent Health.24, (1), 2-9.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/S1054-139X(98)00080-9 (DOI)
  • Ganley, Barbara Jean, Young, Michael, Denny, George, Wood, Ellen. Fourth Graders: Tobacco Attitudes, Behaviors, and Knowledge. American Journal of Health Behavior.22, (1), 39-45.1998.
  • Tomar, Scott L., Giovino, Gary A.. Incidence and predictors of smokeless tobacco use among US youth. American Journal of Public Health.88, (1), 20-26.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.1.20 (DOI)
  • Wang, Min Qi, Fitzhugh, Eugene C., Eddy, James M., Fu, Quiang, et al. Social influences on adolescents' smoking progress: A longitudinal analysis. American Journal of Health Behavior.21, (2), 111-117.1997.
  • Pollay, Richard W., Siddarth, S., Siegel, Michael, Haddix, Anne, Merritt, R.K., Giovino, G.A., Eriksen, M.P.. The last straw? Cigarette advertising and realized market shares among youths and adults, 1979-1993. Journal of Marketing.60, (2), 1 -1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rudolph, Barbara Ann. Gender Differences in Adolescent Depression: A Consequence of Exposure to Adverse Life Circumstances and the Loss of Parent Support. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1996.
  • Wang, Min Qi, Fitzhugh, Eugene C., Turner, Lori, Fu, Quiang, et al. Association of depressive symptoms and school adolescents' smoking: A cross-lagged analysis. Psychological Reports.79, (1), 127-130.1996.
    • ID: 10.2466/pr0.1996.79.1.127 (DOI)
  • Evans, Nicola, Gilpin, Elizabeth, Farkas, Arthur J., Shenassa, Edmond, et al. Adolescents' perceptions of their peers' health norms. American Journal of Public Health.85, (8, part 1), 1064-1069.1995.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.85.8_Pt_1.1064 (DOI)
  • Fitzhugh, Eugene Cole. Structural Equation Modeling of Adolescent Smoking Intentions Based on the Theory of Reasoned Action. Dissertation, University of Alabama. 1995.
  • Wang, Min Qi, Fitzhugh, Eugene C., Westerfield, R. Carl, Eddy, James M.. Family and peer influences on smoking behavior among American adolescents: An age trend. Journal of Adolescent Health.16, (3), 200-203.1995.
    • ID: 10.1016/1054-139X(94)00097-X (DOI)
  • Rodgers, Willard L.. Density, Crowding, and Satisfaction with the Residential Environment. Working Paper Series.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1979.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1993): Teenage Attitudes and Practices Survey, 1989: [United States]. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.