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Effects of Drug Testing on Defendant Risk in Dade County, Florida, 1987

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : clinical data, and event/transaction data
Creator
  • Goldkamp, John S.
  • Gottfredson, Michael R.
  • Weiland, Doris
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1992-10-31
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
controlled drugs; criminal histories; criminality prediction; defendants; drug abuse; drug related crimes; drug testing; drug use
Description
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this data collection was to explore the relationship between drug use and crime. Specifically, the collection was undertaken to determine whether drug test results could provide important predictive information on pretrial misconduct over and above that provided by other variables, thus supplying more data for judges to use in making bail and pretrial release decisions. Data about defendants and their criminal and drug use history were gathered. In addition, defendants were subjected to urinalysis drug testing procedures to determine the presence or absence of drugs in the urine. Both the drug testing methods and subsequent results were subjected to reliability and validity testing procedures. The independent variables in the study include demographic attributes such as defendant's sex, race, birthdate, marital status, and employment, charge-related attributes such as current offense, arrest, and court disposition, prior criminal record of the defendant, current and past drug use, and drug testing results. The dependent variables pertain to the defendant's pretrial performance and include items such as failure to appear and any rearrests.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1987-06-09 / 1987-07-24
    Time period: 1987-06-09--1987-07-24
  • 1987-06 / 1987-12
    Collection date: 1987-06--1987-12
Geographic Coverage
  • Florida
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All defendants with bondable offenses that were processed through the Dade County Court in June and July of 1987.
Sampling
Defendants were chosen from charge records. Only those charged with "bondable" offenses were chosen.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Note
1999-08-20 SAS and SPSS data definition statements and a PDF version of the codebook have been added to this collection. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (87-IJ-CX-0007).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9791 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Goldkamp, John S.. The impact of drug courts. Criminology and Public Policy.2, (2), 193-205.2003.
  • Goldkamp, J.S.. Role of Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Domestic Violence and Its Treatment: Dade County's Domestic Violence Court Experiment: Executive Highlights. NCJ 163411, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1996.
  • Goldkamp, John S.. Role of Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Domestic Violence and Its Treatment: Dade County's Domestic Violence Court Experiment; Final Report. NCJ 163410, Philadelphia, PA: Crime and Justice Research Institute [producer], United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice [distributor]. 1996.
  • Goldkamp, John S., Weiland, D., Collins, M., White, M.. Role of Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Domestic Violence and Its Treatment: Dade County's Domestic Violence Court Experiment. Appendices to the Final Report.NCJ 163408, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1996.
  • Rhodes, William, Hyatt, Raymond, Scheiman, Paul. Predicting pretrial misconduct with drug tests of arrestees: Evidence from eight settings. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.12, (3), 315-348.1996.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02354422 (DOI)
  • Goldkamp, John S., Gottfredson, Michael R., Weiland, Doris. Pretrial Drug Testing and Defendant Risk. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.81, (3), 585-652.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1143849 (URL)
  • Rose, Cathryn Jo, Goldkamp, John S.. The constitutionality of drug testing at the bail stage. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.80, (1), 114-176.1989.
  • Goldkamp, John S., Gottfredson, Michael R., Weiland, Doris. The Utility of Drug Testing in the Assessment of Defendant Risk at the Pretrial Release Decision. NCJ 124017, Philadelphia, PA: Drug Abuse and Pretrial Crime Project, Temple University. 1988.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/124017NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Goldkamp, John S.; Gottfredson, Michael R.; Weiland, Doris (1992): Effects of Drug Testing on Defendant Risk in Dade County, Florida, 1987. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09791.v1