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CBS News/New York Times Overnight Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Survey, August 20, 1991

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • CBS News
  • The New York Times
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
arms control; Bush, George H.W.; civil wars; Cold War; democracy; economic reform; Gorbachev, Mikhail; international trade; leadership; nuclear war; political change; political power; presidential performance; public opinion; Yeltsin, Boris
  • Abstract

    This survey focused on the Soviet Union. Respondents were asked whether they approved of the way President George Bush was dealing with the current situation in the the Soviet Union, whether the United States should try harder to reduce tensions with the Soviets, what their opinion was of Mikhail Gorbachev, how important it was to the interests of the United States that Gorbachev be in power, whether President Bush offered enough encouragement and support of the changes Gorbachev initiated in the Soviet Union, and whether Gorbachev would still be in power if the United States had given more support to his changes. Respondents were also asked about the likelihood of nuclear war within the next ten years, how closely they had followed the news about the situation in the Soviet Union, what their opinion was of Boris Yeltsin, and whether the new leaders of the Soviet Union would live up to arms control agreements, try to regain control over Eastern Europe, reverse the trend toward democracy inside the Soviet Union, escalate the Cold War, or cause a civil war inside the Soviet Union. Additional questions included whether Gorbachev's attempts to restructure the Soviet economy were a success, whether the Soviet Union should be given the same privileges in international trade as other friendly nations, whether the new leaders who had taken power in the Soviet Union were likely to retain control of the government, whether the United States should take action to help restore Gorbachev to power, and if most people in the Soviet Union would prefer living in a democracy.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1991-08-20
  • Collection date: 1991-08-20
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adult population of the United States aged 18 and over living in households with telephones.
A variation of random digit dialing using primary sampling units (PSUs) was employed, consisting of blocks of 100 telephone numbers identical through the eighth digit and stratified by geographic region, area code, and size of place. Within households, respondents were selected using a method developed by Leslie Kish and modified by Charles Backstrom and Gerald Hursh (see Backstrom and Hursh, SURVEY RESEARCH [Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1963]).
Collection Mode
  • A weight variable has been included that must be used in any analysis. Telephone exchanges have been recoded to "999" for reasons of confidentiality.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9804 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09804.v1
  • Russett, Bruce M., Cowden, Jonathan, Kinsella, David, Murray, Shoon. Did Americans' Expectations of Nuclear War Reduce Their Savings. International Studies Quarterly.38, (4), 587-603.1994.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

CBS News; The New York Times (1992): CBS News/New York Times Overnight Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Survey, August 20, 1991. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.