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Evaluation of Arizona Pretrial Services Drug Testing Programs, 1987-1989

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • Britt, Chester L. III
  • Gottfredson, Michael R.
  • Goldkamp, John
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1992-10-31
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
defendants; drug abuse; drug testing; pretrial procedures; urinalysis
Description
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this data collection was to examine the relationship between drug use and pretrial misconduct in Pima and Maricopa counties in Arizona. Data assess the effectiveness of Arizona pretrial services, which were designed to monitor those defendants who tested positive for selected drugs. The collection includes variables for drugs such as marijuana and cocaine, previous criminal history, results of urinalysis testing, pretrial misconduct, and drug monitoring. Demographic information includes defendant's sex, ethnicity, age, marital status, employment, and last grade completed.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Raw Data for Nonexperimental Study in Pima County
    • DS2: Raw Data for First Experimental Study in Pima County
    • DS3: Raw Data for Second Experimental Study in Pima County
    • DS4: Raw Data for Nonexperimental Study in Maricopa County
    • DS5: Raw Data for First Experimental Study in Maricopa County
    • DS6: Raw Data for Second Experimental Study in Maricopa County
Temporal Coverage
  • 1987 / 1989
    Time period: 1987--1989
Geographic Coverage
  • Arizona
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Pretrial felony populations of Pima and Maricopa counties.
Sampling
Three different sample groups were selected for each of the two counties. For Pima County, one sample group consisted of individuals who were booked on felony charges, agreed to a drug test, and were released prior to their trials. A second group was a random sample of defendants who were on pretrial supervised releases with or without drug testing. A third sample group consisted of those arrested on felony charges who were granted release. For Maricopa County, one sample group consisted of felony defendants who were released prior to trial and agreed to a drug test. Another group comprised felons who were released prior to their trials and were either randomly assigned to the monitoring program or were on their own recognizance. Individuals in the third sample group were on pretrial release and were randomly assigned to the drug monitoring program or to normal treatment without drug monitoring.
Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (88-IJ-CX-K003).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9807 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Rhodes, William, Hyatt, Raymond, Scheiman, Paul. Predicting pretrial misconduct with drug tests of arrestees: Evidence from eight settings. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.12, (3), 315-348.1996.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02354422 (DOI)
  • Britt, Chester L., III, Gottfredson, Michael R., Goldkamp, John S.. Drug testing and pretrial misconduct: An experiment on the specific deterrent effects of drug monitoring defendants on pretrial release. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.29, (1), 62-78.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427892029001004 (DOI)
  • Gottfredson, Michael R., Britt, Chester L., III, Goldkamp, John. Evaluation of Arizona Pretrial Services Drug Testing Programs, Final Report. NCJ 139966, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1990.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/139966NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Britt, Chester L. III; Gottfredson, Michael R.; Goldkamp, John (1992): Evaluation of Arizona Pretrial Services Drug Testing Programs, 1987-1989. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09807.v1