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Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1990: Diary Survey

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
automobile expenses; consumer behavior; consumer expenditures; consumption; debt; demographic characteristics; energy consumption; food costs; household budgets; household expenditures; household income; purchasing; recreation expenses
  • Abstract

    The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous flow of information on the buying habits of American consumers and also furnishes data to support periodic revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The survey consists of two separate components: (1) a quarterly Interview Survey in which each consumer unit in the sample is interviewed every three months over a 15-month period, and (2) a Diary Survey completed by the sample consumer units for two consecutive one-week periods. The Diary Survey contains expenditure data for items purchased on a daily or weekly basis. Participants from consumer units, which are roughly equivalent to households, are asked to maintain expense records, or diaries, of all purchases made each day for two consecutive one-week periods. Diaries are designed to record information on small, frequently purchased items such as food, beverages, food consumed away from home, gasoline, housekeeping supplies, nonprescription drugs and medical supplies, and personal care products and services. Information is also elicited at the end of the two-week period on work experience, occupation, industry, retirement status, member earnings from wages and salaries, net income from business or profession, net income from one's own farm, and income from other sources. The unit of analysis for the Consumer Expenditure Surveys is the consumer unit, consisting of all members of a particular housing unit who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or some other legal arrangement. Consumer unit determination for unrelated persons is based on financial independence. The Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income (FMLY) files supply information on consumer unit characteristics, consumer unit income, and characteristics and earnings of the reference person and his or her spouse. Member Characteristics (MEMB) files contain selected characteristics for each consumer unit member, including reference person and spouse. The Detailed Expenditures (EXPN) files present weekly data on expenditures at the Universal Classification Code (UCC) level, while the Income (DTAB) files contain weekly data on income at the UCC level.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1990 First Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS2: 1990 First Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS3: 1990 First Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS4: 1990 First Quarter: Income
    • DS5: 1990 Second Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS6: 1990 Second Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS7: 1990 Second Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS8: 1990 Second Quarter: Income
    • DS9: 1990 Third Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS10: 1990 Third Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS11: 1990 Third Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS12: 1990 Third Quarter: Income
    • DS13: 1990 Fourth Quarter: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income
    • DS14: 1990 Fourth Quarter: Member Characteristics
    • DS15: 1990 Fourth Quarter: Detailed Expenditures
    • DS16: 1990 Fourth Quarter: Income
    • DS17: 1990 Publication Aggregation
    • DS18: 1990 Publication Labels
    • DS19: 1990 Universal Classification Codes and Titles
    • DS20: 1990: Codebook Text for All Parts
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1990
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian noninstitutional population of the United States.
This survey is based on a national probability sample of households. The sampling frame (i.e., the list from which housing units were chosen) for this survey was generated from the 1980 Census 100-percent detail file. Each selected sample unit is requested to keep two one-week diaries of expenditures over consecutive weeks. The earliest possible day for placing a diary with a household is predesignated so that each day of the week has an equal chance to start the reference week and the diaries are evenly spaced throughout the year. During the last six weeks of the year, the diary sample is supplemented to twice its normal size to increase the reportings of types of expenditures unique to the holiday season.
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 20 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9821 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Zan, Hua, Fan, Jessie X.. Cohort effects of household expenditures on food away from home. Journal of Consumer Affairs.44, (1), 213-233.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2010.01163.x (DOI)
  • Primiceri, Giorgio E., van Rens, Thijs. Heterogeneous life-cycle profiles, income risk and consumption inequality. Journal of Monetary Economics.56, (1), 20-39.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2008.10.001 (DOI)
  • Ding, Li. United States Households Consumption, a Comprehensive Analysis. Dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park. 2007.
  • Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M., DeLeire, Thomas, Kalil, Ariel. The allocation of food expenditure in married- and single-parent families. Journal of Consumer Affairs.40, (2), 347-371.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2006.00061.x (DOI)
  • Barrow, Lisa, McGranahan, Leslie. The effects of the earned income credit on the seasonality of household expenditures. National Tax Journal.53, (4), 1211-1243.2000.
  • Souleles, Nicholas S.. College tuition and household savings and consumption. Journal of Public Economics.77, (2), 185-207.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2727(99)00068-7 (DOI)
  • Wilde, Parke E., Ranney, Christine K.. The monthly food stamp cycle: Shopping frequency and food intake decisions in an endogenous switching regression framework. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.82, 200-213.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/0002-9092.00016 (DOI)
  • Hyllegard, Karen Hennessy. An Investigation of Ethnic Patterns of Gift Expenditure in Three Product Categories: Cash, Clothing, and Toys and Games. Dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park. 1998.
  • Jayathirtha, Chandrika. Factors Affecting Household Overspending Behavior. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 1997.
  • Cortez, Rafael, Senauer, Ben. Taste Changes in the Demand for Food by Demographic Groups in the United States: A Nonparametric Empirical Analysis. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.78, (2), 280-289.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Yen, Steven T., Jensen, Helen H.. Determinants of household expenditures on alcohol. Journal of Consumer Affairs.30, (1), 48 -1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.1996.tb00725.x (DOI)
  • Zuo, Jun. Health Information, Consumer Participation, and Market Demand: The Case of Fresh Milk in the United States. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 1996.
  • Russell, Cheryl. The Official Guide to the American Marketplace, 2nd Edition. Ithaca: New Strategist Publications. 1995.
  • Cortez, Rafael A.. Taste Changes in the Demand for Food by Demographic Groups in the United States: A Nonparametric Empirical Analysis. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 1994.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (1992): Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1990: Diary Survey. Version 1. Consumer Expenditure Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.