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National Survey of Judges and Court Practitioners, 1991

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Sentencing Commission
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1993-04-09
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
convictions (law); courts; federal offenses; judges; offenders; plea negotiations; pleas; policies and procedures; punishment; sentencing; sentencing guidelines
Description
  • Abstract

    The United States Sentencing Commission, established by the 98th Congress, is an independent agency in the judicial branch of government. The Commission's primary function is to institute guidelines that prescribe the appropriate form and severity of punishment for offenders convicted of federal crimes. This survey was developed in response to issues that arose during site visits conducted in conjunction with an implementation study of sentencing guidelines and was intended to supplement the information obtained in the more extensive site visit interviews. Topics include the impact of the plea agreement, departures by the court, mandatory minimum sentences, the general issue of unwarranted sentencing disparity, and whether this disparity had increased, decreased, or stayed about the same since the sentencing guidelines were imposed in 1987.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1991
  • Collection date: 1991
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Federal district judges, public defenders, assistant United States attorneys engaged in criminal work, federal panel attorneys, and federal probation officers.
Sampling
All federal district judges and federal public defenders were surveyed. A random sample was drawn of assistant United States attorneys engaged in criminal work, federal panel attorneys, and federal probation officers who prepared presentence reports or performed investigations for those reports.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook and data collection instruments are provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Note
2000-10-27 SAS and SPSS data definition statements were added to this collection, and the codebook and data collection instruments are now available as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9837 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Hafemeister, Thomas L.. Protecting child witnesses: Judicial efforts to minimize trauma and reduce evidentiary barriers. Violence and Victims.11, (1), 71-91.1996.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Sentencing Commission (1993): National Survey of Judges and Court Practitioners, 1991. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09837.v1