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National Health Interview Survey, 1990

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; doctor visits; families; health; health care; health care services; health policy; health problems; hospitalization; household composition; households; illness
  • Abstract

    The basic purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. Household variables in this data collection include type of living quarters, size of family, number of families in household, and geographic region. Person variables include sex, age, race, marital status, veteran status, education, income, industry and occupation codes, and limits on activity. The Condition, Doctor Visit, and Hospital files contain information on each reported health condition, doctor visit within a two-week period, and hospitalization (12-month recall), respectively.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Household
    • DS2: Person
    • DS3: Condition
    • DS4: Doctor Visit
    • DS5: Hospital Record
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1990
  • Collection date: 1990
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The NHIS employs a multistage probability sampling design. Four independent representative samples, which may be used in any combination, were drawn. Black persons were oversampled.
Collection Mode
  • Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS. Part II of the documentation, the Field Representative's Manual, is provided in hard copy only. The age distribution for the 1990 Person file is: 0-44 (N = 82,488), 45-54 (N = 12,266), 55-64 (N = 10,299), 65-74 (N = 8,769), and 75+ (N = 5,809). The racial/ethnic distributions for the Person file are: Black (N = 17,967), Hispanic origin (N = 10,925), Asian/Pacific Islander (N = 2,815), and Aleut, Eskimo, and American Indian (N = 959). The supplementary sections of the 1990 questionnaire released by the National Center for Health Statistics as individual files pertain to Assistive Devices, Hearing, Podiatry, Family Resources, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (Sample Person file, Pregnancy and Smoking file, and Injury Control and Child Safety and Health file), and AIDS Knowledge and Attitudes. These supplements will be made available by ICPSR under separate study numbers.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 6 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9839 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09839.v1
  • Dilley, Julia, Rohde, Kristen, Dent, Clyde, Boysun, Michael J., Stark, Michael J., Reid, Terry. Effective tobacco control in Washington State: A smart investment for healthy futures. Preventing Chronic Disease.4, (3), A65 -2007.
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    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2006.0011 (DOI)
  • Case, Anne, Paxson, Christina. Sex Differences in Morbidity and Mortality. Demography.42, (2), 189-214.2005.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2005.0011 (DOI)
  • Cho, Youngtae, Frisbie, W. Parker, Hummer, Robert A., Rogers, Richard G.. Nativity, Duration of Residence, and the Health of Hispanic Adults in the United States. International Migration Review.38, (1), 184-211.2004.
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  • Freedman, Vicki A., Crimmins, Eileen, Schoeni, Robert F., Spillman, Brenda C., Aykan, Hakan, Kramarow, Ellen, Land, Kenneth, Lubitz, James, Manton, Kenneth G., Martin, Linda G., Shinberg, Diane, Waidmann, Timothy. Resolving inconsistencies in trends in old-age disability: Report from a technical working group. Demography.41, (3), 417-441.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0022 (DOI)
  • Snowden, Ceclia B., Miller, Ted R., Jensen, Alan F., Lawrence, Bruce A.. Costs of Medically Treated Craniofacial Conditions. Public Health Reports.118, (1), 10-17.2003.
  • Lochner, Kim, Pamuk, Elsie, Makuc, Diane, Kennedy, Bruce P., Kawachi, Ichiro. State-level income inequality and individual mortality risk: A prospective, multilevel study. American Journal of Public Health.91, (3), 385-391.2001.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.91.3.385 (DOI)
  • Smothers, Barbara, Bertolucci, Darryl. Alcohol consumption and health-promoting behavior in a U.S. household sample: Leisure-time physical activity. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.62, (4), 467-476.2001.
  • (author unknown). Measuring Childhood Asthma Prevalence Before and After the 1997 Redesign of the National Health Interview Survey--United States. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.49, (40), 908-911.2000.
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  • Anderson, J.E., Carey, J.W., Taveras, S.. HIV testing among the general U.S. population and persons at increased risk: Information from national surveys, 1987-1996. American Journal of Public Health.90, (7), 1089-1095.2000.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.90.7.1089 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Measuring childhood asthma prevalence before and after the 1997 redesign of the National Health Interview Survey--United States. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.284, (18), 2312 -2000.
  • Cubbin, Catherine, LeClere, Felicia B., Smith, Gordon S.. Socioeconomic status and injury mortality: Individual and neighbourhood determinants. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.54, (7), 517-524.2000.
    • ID: 10.1136/jech.54.7.517 (DOI)
  • Fujiura, Glenn T., Yamaki, Kiyoshi. Trends in demography of childhood poverty and disability. Exceptional Children.66, (23), 187-199.2000.
  • Lykens, Kristine Ann. Child Health Status in the United States and Medicaid Expansions, 1986-1990. Dissertation, University of Texas at Dallas. 2000.
  • Barnett, Steven, Franks, Peter. Deafness and Mortality: Analyses of Linked Data from the National Health Interview Survey and National Death Index. Public Health Reports.114, (4), 330-336.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/phr/114.4.330 (DOI)
  • Barnett, Steven, Franks, Peter. Smoking and deaf adults: Associations with age at onset of deafness. American Annals of the Deaf.144, (1), 44-50.1999.
    • ID: 10.1353/aad.2012.0120 (DOI)
  • Crimmins, Eileen M., Reynolds, Sandra L., Saito, Yasuhiko. Trends in health and ability to work among the older working-age population. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.54B, (1), S31-S40.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/54B.1.S31 (DOI)
  • Feinglass, Joe, Brown, Jacqueline L., Lo Sasso, Anthony, Sohn, Min-Woong, Manheim, L.M., Shah, S.J., Pearce, W.H.. Rates of lower-extremity amputation and arterial reconstruction in the United States, 1979 to 1996. American Journal of Public Health.89, (8), 1222-1227.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.8.1222 (DOI)
  • Flores, Glenn, Bauchner, Howard, Feinstein, Alvan R., Nguyen, Uyen-Sa D.T.. The impact of ethnicity, family income, and parental education on children's health and use of health services. American Journal of Public Health.89, (7), 1066-1071.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.7.1066 (DOI)
  • Graubard, Barry I., Korn, Edward L.. Analyzing health surveys for cancer-related objectives. Journal of the National Cancer Institute.91, (12), 1005-1016.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/jnci/91.12.1005 (DOI)
  • Liao, Youlian, McGee, Daniel L., Kaufman, Jay S., Cao, Guichan, Cooper, Richard S.. Socioeconomic status and morbidity in the last years of life. American Journal of Public Health.89, (4), 569-572.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.4.569 (DOI)
  • Makuc, Diane M., Breen, Nancy, Freid, Virginia. Low income, race and the use of mammography. Health Services Research.34, (1), 229-239.1999.
  • Soobader, Mah-Jabeen, LeClere, Felicia B.. Aggregation and the measurement of income inequality: effects on morbidity. Social Science and Medicine.709, (858), 733-744.1999.
  • Wolfe, Barbara L.. Poverty, Children's health, and health care utilization. Economic Policy Review - Federal Reserve Bank of New York.5, (3), 9-21.1999.
  • Chen, Likwang. The effect of the presence of children on parental smoking. Dissertation, Cornell University. 1998.
  • Cubbin, Catherine. Socioeconomic Status and Injury: Individual and Neighborhood Determinants. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 1998.
  • Cutler, David M., Sheiner, Louise. Demographics and Medical Care Spending: Standard and Non-Standard Effects. NBER Working Paper Series.6866, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hanson, Karla L.. Is insurance for children enough? The link between parents' and children's health care use revisited. Inquiry (Rochester): The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision and Financing.35, (3), 294-302.1998.
  • Hartke, Robert J., Prohaska, Thomas R., Furner, Sylvia E.. Older adults and assistive devices: Use, multiple-device use, and need. Journal of Aging and Health.10, (1), 99-116.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/089826439801000106 (DOI)
  • Hofer, Timothy P., Wolfe, Robert A., Tedeschi, Philip J., McMahon, Laurence F., Griffith, John R.. Use of community versus individual socioeconomic data in predicting variation in hospital use. Health Services Research.33, (2), 243-259.1998.
  • Lawrence, Reva C., Helmick, Charles G., Arnett, Frank C., Deyo, Richard A., Felson, David T., Giannini, Edward H., Heyse, Stephen P., Hirsch, Rosemarie, Hochberg, Marc C., Hunder, Gene G., Liang, Matthew H., Pillemer, Stanley R., Steen, Virginia D.. Estimates of the prevalence of arthritis and selected musculoskeletal disorders in the United States. Arthritis and Rheumatism.41, (5), 778-799.1998.
    • ID: 10.1002/1529-0131(199805)41:5<778::AID-ART4>3.0.CO;2-V (DOI)
  • LeClere, Felicia B., Rogers, Richard G., Peters, Kimberley. Neighborhood social context and racial differences in women's heart disease mortality. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.39, (2), 91-107.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lewis, Kimball, Ellwood, Marilyn, Czajka, John L.. Counting the Uninsured: A Review of the Literature. Assessing the New Federalism, Occasional Paper no. 8.Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 1998.
  • Mannino, D.M., Homa, D.M., Pertowski, C.A., Ashizawa, A., Nixon, L.L., Johnson, C.A., Ball, L.B., Jack, E., Kang, D.S.. Surveillance for asthma--United States, 1960-1995. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.47, (1), 1-27.1998.
  • Miller, Ted R., Spicer, Rebecca S.. How safe are our schools?. American Journal of Public Health.88, (3), 413-418.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.3.413 (DOI)
  • Minugh, P. Allison, Rice, Christopher, Young, Leslie. Gender, health beliefs, health behaviors, and alcohol consumption. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.24, (3), 483-497.1998.
    • ID: 10.3109/00952999809016911 (DOI)
  • Perrin, James M., Ettner, Susan L., McLaughlin, Thomas J., Gortmaker, Steven L., Bloom, S.R., Kuhlthau, K.. State variations in supplemental security income enrollment for children and adolescents. American Journal of Public Health.88, (6), 928-931.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.6.928 (DOI)
  • Pierce, John P., Gilpin, Elizabeth A., Emery, Sherry L., White, Martha M., Rosbrook, Brad, Berry, Charles C.. Has the California Tobacco Control Program reduced smoking?. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.280, (10), 893-899.1998.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.280.10.893 (DOI)
  • Reynolds, Sandra L., Crimmins, Eileen M., Saito, Yasuhiko. Cohort differences in disability and disease presence. Gerontologist.38, (5), 578-590.1998.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/38.5.578 (DOI)
  • Thamer, Mae, Rinehart, Cheryl. Public and private health insurance of US foreign-born residents: Implications of the 1996 welfare reform law. Ethnicity and Health.3, (1/2), 19 -1998.
  • Wells, Barbara L., Horm, John W.. Targeting the underserved for breast and cervical cancer screening: The utility of ecological analysis using the National Health Interview Survey. American Journal of Public Health.88, (10), 1484-1489.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.10.1484 (DOI)
  • Yu, Lucy C., Winn, Deborah M., Horm, John W., Draper, Patricia C.. Correlates of health status among black and white elderly. American Journal of Health Studies.14, (4), 199-211.1998.
  • Crimmins, Eileen M., Reynolds, Sandra L., Saito, Yasuhiko. Research grant summary. Social Security Bulletin.60, (3), 50-52.1997.
  • Crimmins, Eileen M., Saito, Yasuhiko, Reynolds, Sandra L.. Further Evidence on Recent Trends in the Prevalence and Incidence of Disability among Older Americans from Two Sources: The LSOA and the NHIS. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.52B, (2), S59-S71.1997.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/52B.2.S59 (DOI)
  • LeClere, Felicia B., Rogers, Richard G., Peters, Kimberley D.. Ethnicity and Mortality in the United States: Individual and Community Correlates. Social Forces.75, (1), 169-198.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Liao, Y., Cooper, R.S., Cao, G., Kaufman, J.S., Long, A.E., McGee, D.L.. Mortality from coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease among adult U.S. Hispanics: findings from the National Health Interview Survey (1986 to1994). Journal of the American College of Cardiology.30, (5), 1200-1205.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0735-1097(97)00278-7 (DOI)
  • Merianos, Dorothy E., Marquart, James W., Damphousse, Kelly, Hebert, Jaimie L.. From the outside in: Using public health data to make inferences about older inmates. Crime and Delinquency.43, (3), 298-313.1997.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128797043003004 (DOI)
  • Pappas, G., Hadden, W.C., Kozak, L.J., Fisher, G.F.. Potentially avoidable hospitalizations: Inequalities in rates between US socioeconomic groups. American Journal of Public Health.87, (5), 811-816.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.5.811 (DOI)
  • Thamer, Mae, Richard, Christian, Casebeer, Adrianne Waldman, Ray, Nancy Fox. Health insurance coverage among foreign-born US residents: the impact of race, ethnicity and length of residence. American Journal of Public Health.87, (1), 96-102.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.1.96 (DOI)
  • Zwerling, Craig, Whitten, Paul S., Davis, Charles S., Sprince, Nancy L.. Occupational injuries among workers with disabilities: The National Health Interview Survey, 1985-1994. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.278, (24), 2163-2166.1997.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.278.24.2163 (DOI)
  • Callahan, Leigh F., Rao, Jaya, Boutaugh, Michele. Arthritis and women's health: Prevalence, impact, and prevention. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.12, (5), 401-409.1996.
  • Currie, Janet, Gruber, Jonathan. Health Insurance Eligibility, Utilization of Medical Care, and Child Health. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (2), 431-466.1996.
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  • Ettner, Susan L.. The timing of preventive services for women and children: the effect of having a usual source of care. American Journal of Public Health.86, (12), 1748-1754.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.12.1748 (DOI)
  • Katz, Steven J., Hofer, Timothy P., Manning, Willard G.. Physician use in Ontario and the United States: The impact of socioeconomic status and health status. American Journal of Public Health.86, (4), 520 -1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.4.520 (DOI)
  • Kjerulff, Kristen H., Erickson, Beth A., Langenberg, Patricia W.. Chronic gynecological conditions reported by US women: Findings from the National Health Interview Survey, 1984 to 1992. American Journal of Public Health.86, (2), 195-199.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.2.195 (DOI)
  • LaPlante, Mitchell P., et al. Families with Disabilities in the United States. Disability Statistics Report.8, Washington, DC: . 1996.
  • Montgomery, Laura E., Kiely, John L., Pappas, Gregory. The effects of poverty, race, and family structure on US children's health: Data from the NHIS, 1978 through 1980 and 1989 through 1991. American Journal of Public Health.86, (10), 1401 -1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.10.1401 (DOI)
  • Pearlman, Deborah N., Rakowski, William, Ehrich, Beverly, Clark, Melissa A.. Breast cancer screening practices among black, Hispanic, and white women: Reassessing differences. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.12, (5), 327-337.1996.
  • Zhu, Bao-Ping, Giovino, Gary A., Mowery, Paul D., Eriksen, Michael P.. The relationship between cigarette smoking and education revisited: Implications for categorizing persons' educational status. American Journal of Public Health.86, (11), 1582-1589.1996.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.11.1582 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Prevalence and impact of arthritis among women--United States, 1989-1991. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.273, (23), 1820 -1995.
  • Currie, Janet, Gruber, Jonathan. Health Insurance Eligibility, Utilization of Medical Care, and Child Health. NBER Working Paper Series.5052, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1995.
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  • Hanson, Karla L.. Children's Health Care in the Family Context: The Influence of Key Parental and Family Attributes on Utilization by Uninsured and Privately Insured Children. Dissertation, New York University. 1995.
  • Malarcher, Ann M., Ford, Earl S., Nelson, David S., Chrismon, Jeffery H., Mowery, Paul, Merritt, Robert K., Herman, William H.. Trends in Cigarette Smoking and Physicians' Advice to Quit Smoking Among People with Diabetes in the U.S.. Diabetes Care.18, (5), 694-697.1995.
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  • Anonymous. Prevalence of Self-Reported Epilepsy--United States, 1986-1990. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.43, (44), 810 -1994.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1993): National Health Interview Survey, 1990. Archival Version. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.