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Euro-barometer 37.0: Awareness and Importance of Maastricht and the Future of the European Community, March-April 1992

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Reif, Karlheinz
  • Melich, Anna
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
access to information; agricultural policy; attitudes; citizen attitudes; economic integration; environmental attitudes; environmental policy; European Parliament; European unification; European Union; immigrants; life satisfaction; Maastricht Treaty; national identity; policy making; political influence; public opinion; quality of life; social change; voter preferences
  • Abstract

    This round of Euro-Barometer surveys investigated the level of public support for the European Community (EC) and assessed attitudes toward European integration. Respondents were asked how well informed they felt about the EC, how supportive they were of efforts being made to unify Western Europe, whether their country had benefited from being an EC member, and how interested they were personally in EC matters. Other queries focused on respondent reaction to the European flag, the feeling of being a citizen of Europe both now and in the future, opinions relating to the speed of European unification, impressions of the work of the European Commission, and how well a list of statements corresponded to the respondent's hopes for the future of the EC. Respondents also judged which areas of policy should be decided by national governments and which by a central EC structure, and expressed their reactions to the Common Agricultural Policy, their expectations for the Single European Market and whether it should contain a social dimension, and their attitudes about the role and importance of the European Parliament. A number of questions focused specifically on the meeting and treaty produced in the Dutch town of Maastricht in December 1991. Respondents were queried about their knowledge of the gathering and its possible effects on the EC, on their own countries, and on their personal lives. Opinions were also sought on the desirability and positive and negative effects of certain countries joining the EC, and what the rights of citizens of other member countries should be when residing in the respondent's nation. Attitudes toward immigrants from nonmember countries were elicited as well. A set of questions focused on environmental problems, ecological concerns, and the priority assigned to economic development when assessing these issues. Respondents were asked to identify factors that caused serious damage to the environment, and to comment on what could be done to lessen pollution. They were also asked about the role of public bodies in protecting and informing the public about environmental concerns, sources of information about these concerns, and their hopes for the upcoming United Nations Conference for the Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. As in previous Euro-Barometers, questions on political party preference were posed, including which party respondents felt closest to, how they voted in their country's last general election, and how they would vote if a general election were held tomorrow. Additional information was gathered on family income, number of people residing in the home, size of locality, home ownership, region of residence, occupation of the head of household, and the respondent's age, sex, occupation, education, religion, religiosity, subjective social class standing, socio-professional status, and left-right political self-placement.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Raw Data File
    • DS2: SAS Data Definition Statements
Temporal Coverage
  • 1992-03-18 / 1992-04-15
    Time period: 1992-03-18--1992-04-15
  • 1992-03-18 / 1992-04-15
    Collection date: 1992-03-18--1992-04-15
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • Europe
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • United Kingdom
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom as well as in the nation of Norway.
Multistage national probability samples.
Collection Mode
  • (1) This collection also contains data from respondents in Norway. These respondents answered many of the same questions posed to those living in the 12 member nations of the European Community. (2) Data processing for this collection was performed at the Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung in Cologne, Germany.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9847 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09847.v1
  • Steenbergen, Marco R., Edwards, Erica E., de Vries, Catherine E.. Who's cueing whom? Mass-elite linkages and the future of European integration. European Union Politics.8, (1), 13-35.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/1465116507073284 (DOI)
  • Vossing, Konstantin. Nationality and the preferences of the European public toward EU policy-making. European Union Politics.6, (4), 445-467.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1465116505057817 (DOI)
  • Blanchflower, David G., Oswald, Andrew J.. Well-being over time in Britain and the USA. Journal of Public Economics.88, (7-8), 1359-1386.2004.
  • Lahav, Gallya. Public opinion toward immigration in the European Union: Does it matter?. Comparative Political Studies.37, (10), 1151 -2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0010414004269826 (DOI)
  • Ray, Leonard. When parties matter: The conditional influence of party positions on voter opinions about European integration. Journal of Politics.65, (4), 978 -2003.
  • Nadeau, Richard, Niemi, Richard G., Yoshinaka, Antoine. A cross-national analysis of economic voting: Taking account of the political context across time and nations. Electoral Studies.21, (3), 403-423.2002.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0261-3794(01)00002-6 (DOI)
  • Schild, Joachim. National v. European identities? French and Germans in the European multi-level system. Journal of Common Market Studies.39, (2), 331-351.2001.
  • Bennett, Stephen E., Flickinger, Richard S., Rhine, Staci L.. Political Talk Over Here, Over There, Over Time. British Journal of Political Science.30, (1), 99-119.2000.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400000053 (DOI)
  • Kaase, Max. Interpersonal trust, political trust and non-institutionalised political participation in Western Europe. West European Politics.22, (3), 1-21.1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/01402389908425313 (DOI)
  • Hayo, Bernd. Inflation culture, central bank independence and price stability. European Journal of Political Economy.14, (2), 241-263.1998.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0176-2680(98)00006-8 (DOI)
  • Mandelli, Andreina. Agenda setting of public sentiments, quality of news and quality of public life. Dissertation, Indiana University. 1998.
  • Jacobs, Jamie Elizabeth. Democratizing the environment in Brazil: Perception and participation in the urban periphery. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh. 1997.
  • Somma, Mark, Tolleson-Rinehart, Sue. Tracking the elusive green women: Sex, environmentalism, and feminism in the United States and Europe. Political Research Quarterly.50, (1), 153-169.1997.
  • Deflem, Mathieu, Pampel, Fred C.. The Myth of Postnational Identity: Popular Support for European Unification. Social Forces.75, (1), 119-143.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Menendez-Alarcon, Antonio V.. National identities confronting European integration. International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society.8, (4), 543-562.1995.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02142467 (DOI)
  • Mertes, Michael. Germany's social and political culture: Change through consensus?. Daedalus.123, (1), 1 -1994.
  • (author unknown). Les europeens et l'environnement en 1992 (Europeans and the environment in 1992). DG XI/C/4, Brussels: European Commission. 1993.
  • (author unknown). Eurobarometer: Worries about biotechnology and environment. European Biotechnology Information Service Newsletter.2, (4), 4 -1992.
  • Commission of the European Communities. Europeans and the environment in 1992: Some key results of the survey conducted in the context of the Eurobarometer 37.0. Brussels: Commission of the European Communities. 1992.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna (1993): Euro-barometer 37.0: Awareness and Importance of Maastricht and the Future of the European Community, March-April 1992. Archival Version. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.