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CBS News/New York Times/Turner Broadcasting System Japan Poll, November 18-21, 1991

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • CBS News
  • The New York Times
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
Bush Administration (1989-1993); Bush, George H.W.; cultural attitudes; cultural perceptions; defense (military); economic aid; economic policy; foreign investments; foreign policy; Japan; leadership; military intervention; military strength; national interests; Persian Gulf War; post-World War II period; presidential performance; public opinion; treaty negotiations; voter attitudes; World War II
  • Abstract

    This survey, in addition to providing an ongoing evaluation of the Bush presidency, focused on Japan and the Japanese. Respondents were asked whether they approved of George Bush's handling of the presidency, foreign policy, and the economy. Other questions pertained to the amount of attention paid to news about Japan, descriptions of Americans and Japanese as competitive, easygoing, hardworking, lazy, courageous, cowardly, peaceloving, and warlike, relations between Japan and the United States, and the prospects for the future generation of Americans and Japanese. Respondents were also asked if most Japanese respect Americans and vice versa, and if Japan should be viewed as a dependable ally for the United States in the future and vice versa. Other queries centered around whether the increase in Japanese investment in the United States posed a threat to American economic independence, whether Japan had become a world power and should assume responsibilities toward other countries, and whether Japan should act as a leader in the world economy even if it required economic sacrifice on Japan's part. Those surveyed were also asked about the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the dropping of atomic bombs on Japan by the United States, the impetus behind Japan's involvement in World War II, Japan's present military strength, and whether the treaty calling for Japan's provision of bases for United States military forces in return for the United States' defense of Japan should be continued. Additional issues pertaining to Japan and the United States included the question of economic aid to the Soviet Union, military assistance to other countries, whether the United States should have sent troops to fight in the Persian Gulf, and if Japan should have done more to help to defeat Iraq during the war. Other topics included the field of candidates for the Democratic presidential nomination and holiday spending habits. Background information on respondents included labor union membership, political party preference, political orientation, religious preference, education, age, race, and family income.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991-11-18 / 1991-11-21
    Time period: 1991-11-18--1991-11-21
  • 1991-11-18 / 1991-11-21
    Collection date: 1991-11-18--1991-11-21
Sampled Universe
Adult population of the United States aged 18 and over, having telephones at home.
A variation of random-digit dialing using primary sampling units (PSUs) was employed, consisting of blocks of 100 telephone numbers identical through the eighth digit and stratified by geographic region, area code, and size of place. Within households, respondents were selected using a method developed by Leslie Kish and modified by Charles Backstrom and Gerald Hursh (see Backstrom and Hursh, SURVEY RESEARCH [Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1963]).
Collection Mode
  • A weight variable has been included that must be used in any analysis. Area codes, exchange codes, and telephone numbers have been recoded to "999" and names of respondents have been blanked for reasons of confidentiality.

2011-10-20 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9860 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09860.v1
  • Edwards, George C., III, Mitchell, William, Welch, Reed. Explaining presidential approval: The significance of issue salience. American Journal of Political Science.39, (1), 108-134.1995.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

CBS News; The New York Times (1993): CBS News/New York Times/Turner Broadcasting System Japan Poll, November 18-21, 1991. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.