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National Material Capabilities Data, 1816-1985

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • Singer, J. David
  • Small, Melvin
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Correlates of War Project Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
armed forces; demographic characteristics; international development; industrial indicators; military expenditures; nineteenth century; population characteristics; twentieth century
  • Abstract

    This collection contains demographic, military, and industrial indicators for each international system member for the years 1816-1985. There are two identification variables and seven substantive variables, which include urban and total populations, military expenditure, military personnel, iron and steel production, and energy consumption. Each system member is also coded as a major or minor power for each year.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Raw Data
    • DS2: SPSS Export File for Raw Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1816 / 1985
    Time period: 1816--1985
  • Collection date: 1990-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Global
Sampled Universe
All countries in the world.
Collection Mode
  • Column 13 of every record in the data file contains the numeral 3. This variable is not described in the codebook.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9903 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Beckley, Michael. Economic development and military effectiveness. Journal of Strategic Studies.33, (1), 43-79.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/01402391003603581 (DOI)
  • Furlong, Kathryn, Gleditsch, Nils Petter, Hegre, Havard. Geographic opportunity and neomalthusian willingness: Boundaries, shared rivers, and conflict. International Interactions.32, (1), 79-108.2006.
    • ID: 10.1080/03050620600596421 (DOI)
  • Hegre, Håvard, Ellingsen,Tanja, Gates, Scott, Gleditsch, Nils Petter. Toward a democratic civil peace? Democracy, political change, and civil war, 1816-1992. American Political Science Review.95, (1), 33-48.2001.
  • Beck, Nathaniel, King, Gary, Zeng, Langche. Improving Quantitative Studies of International Conflict: A Conjecture. American Political Science Review.94, (1), 21 -2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ellingsen, Tanja. Colorful community or ethnic witches' brew?. Journal of Conflict Resolution.44, (2), 228-249.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002700044002004 (DOI)
  • Mansfield, Edward D., Pevehouse, Jon C.. Trade Blocs, Trade Flows, and International Conflict. International Organization.54, (4), 775-808.2000.
    • ID: 10.1162/002081800551361 (DOI)
  • Dassel, Kurt, Reinhart, Erik. Domestic Strife and the Initiation of Violence at Home and Abroad. American Journal of Political Science.43, (1), 56-85.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Schultz, Kenneth A.. Do democratic institutions constrain or inform? Contrasting two institutional perspectives on democracy and war. International Organization.53, (2), 233 -1999.
    • ID: 10.1162/002081899550878 (DOI)
  • Maoz, Zeev, Russett, Bruce. Alliance, contiguity, wealth, and political stability: Is the lack of conflict among democracies a statistical artifact?. International Interactions.17, (3), 245-267.1992.
    • ID: 10.1080/03050629208434782 (DOI)
  • Small, Melvin, Singer, J. David. Resort to Arms: International and Civil Wars, 1916-1980. Beverly Hills: Sage. 1982.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Singer, J. David; Small, Melvin (1993): National Material Capabilities Data, 1816-1985. Version 1. Correlates of War Project Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.