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Murder Cases in 33 Large Urban Counties in the United States, 1988

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1993-10-11
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
felony offenses; murder; offenders; population characteristics; urban areas; urban crime
Description
  • Abstract

    This study was conducted in an effort to better understand the circumstances surrounding murder cases in large urban areas. To evaluate the 75 largest counties in the nation, 33 counties were chosen. The ranking of these counties was based on a combination of crime data and population data. The criteria for including a case on a roster from which cases would be sampled was that (1) one or more defendants must have been arrested for murder and (2) the case must have been adjudicated during 1988. These cases were a sample of about half of all those in the 33 counties studied that had a murder charge brought to the prosecutors in 1988, or earlier, and that were disposed during 1988. When statistically weighted, the sample cases represent a total of 9,576 murder defendants in the nation's 75 largest counties. Demographic information on victims and defendants includes sex, date of birth, area of residence, and occupation. Variables are also provided on the circumstances of the crime, including the relationship between the victim and the defendant, the type of weapon used, the time of death, and the number of victims.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Incident Data
    • DS2: Defendant Data
    • DS3: Victim Data
    • DS4: Offense Data
    • DS6: SAS Data Definition Statements for Incident Data
    • DS7: SAS Data Definition Statements for Defendant Data
    • DS8: SAS Data Definition Statements for Victim Data
    • DS9: SAS Data Definition Statements for Offense Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1988
  • Collection date: 1990
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Murder cases adjudicated in 1988 in the 75 largest counties of the United States.
Sampling
The 33 counties included in this collection were chosen by stratified sampling to represent the 75 largest counties in the nation. In counties with less than 200 murder cases adjudicated in 1988, all cases were chosen. In counties with more than 200 murder cases, random sampling was used to select 200 cases.
Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1996-11-21 A variable description list was added to the introduction in the codebook. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9907 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Baumer, Eric P., Martin, Kimberly. Social organization, collective sentiment, and legal sanctions in murder cases. American Journal of Sociology.119, (1), 131-182.2013.
    • ID: 10.1086/672082 (DOI)
  • Franklin, Courtney A., Fearn, Noelle E.. Gender, race and formal court decision-making outcomes: Chivalry/paternalism, conflict theory or gender conflict?. Journal of Criminal Justice.36, (3), 279-290.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2008.04.009 (DOI)
  • Brewer, Devon D., Dudek, Jonathan A., Potterat, John J., Muth, Stephen Q., Roberts, John M., Jr., Woodhouse, Donald E.. Extent, trends, and perpetrators of prostitution-related homicide in the United States. Journal of Forensic Sciences.51, (5), 1101-1108.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00206.x (DOI)
  • Glaeser, Edward L., Sacerdote, Bruce. Sentencing in homicide cases and the role of venegance. Journal of Legal Studies.32, (2), 363-382.2003.
  • Baumer, Eric P., Messner, Steven F., Felson, Richard B.. The role of victim characteristics in the disposition of murder cases. Justice Quarterly.17, (2), 281-307.2000.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820000096331 (DOI)
  • Glaeser, Edward L., Sacerdote, Bruce. The Determinants of Punishment: Deterrence, Incapacitation, and Vengeance. NBER Working Paper Series.7676, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2000.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w7676.pdf (URL)
  • Felson, Richard B., Messner, Steven F.. Disentangling the effects of gender and intimacy on victim precipitation in homicide. Criminology.36, (2), 405-423.1998.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1998.tb01253.x (DOI)
  • Langan, Patrick A., Dawson, John M.. Spouse Murder Defendants in Large Urban Counties. NCJ 153256; NCJ FS00, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1995.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/spousmur.pdf (URL)
  • Dawson, John M., Langan, Patrick A.. Murder in Families. Special Report.NCJ 143498, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1994.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/mf.pdf (URL)
  • Dawson, J.M., Boland, B.. Murder in Large Urban Counties, 1988. NCJ 140614, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1993.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1993): Murder Cases in 33 Large Urban Counties in the United States, 1988. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09907.v1