My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

National Assessment Program Survey of Criminal Justice Personnel in the United States, 1986

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • McEwen, J. Thomas (Institute for Law and Justice, Inc.)
  • Webster, Barbara (Institute for Law and Justice, Inc.)
  • Connors, Edward (Institute for Law and Justice, Inc.)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1993-10-02
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
budgets; criminal justice system; correctional facilities; courts; law enforcement agencies; personnel; personnel management; police departments; prison administration; prison overcrowding; training
Description
  • Abstract

    This survey probed the needs and problems facing local criminal justice practitioners. Within each sampled county, survey questionnaires were distributed to the police chief of the largest city, the sheriff, the jail administrator, the prosecutor, the chief trial court judge, the trial court administrator (where applicable), and probation and parole agency heads. Although the general topics covered in the questionnaires are similar, specific items are not repeated across the questionnaires, except for those given to the sheriffs and the police chiefs. The sheriffs surveyed were those with law enforcement responsibilities, so the questions asked of the police chiefs and the sheriffs were identical. The questionnaires were tailored to each group of respondents, and dealt with five general areas: (1) background characteristics, including staff size, budget totals, and facility age, (2) criminal justice system problems, (3) prison crowding, (4) personnel issues such as training needs and programs, and (5) operations and procedures including management, management information, and the specific operations in which the respondents were involved. In some cases, sets of question items were grouped into question batteries that dealt with specific topic areas (e.g., staff recruitment, judicial training, and number of personnel). For example, the Staff Recruitment battery items in the Probation and Parole Questionnaire asked respondents to use a 4 point scale to indicate the seriousness of each of the following problems: low salaries, poor image of corrections work, high entrance requirements, location of qualified staff, shortage of qualified minority applicants, and hiring freezes.
  • Abstract

    The Institute for Law and Justice conducted the 1986 National Assessment Program (NAP) survey to determine the needs and problems of local and state criminal justice practitioners. This information is used by the National Institute of Justice in planning its research and development. The data released in this collection constitute the second NAP survey. The first such survey was conducted in 1983. The questionnaires dealt with five general areas and were tailored to each of several groups of respondents: police chiefs, sheriffs, probation and parole agency heads, jail administrators, prosecutors, chief trial court judges, and trial court administrators.
  • Abstract

    This is a study of the problems and needs faced by law enforcement agencies. The basic unit of analysis is the agency itself. Surveys were completed by the head of a given agency. Agencies were selected on the basis of a somewhat stratified sampling design. Within each of 375 counties, the agencies in the largest city were selected for inclusion in the study.
  • Abstract

    The questionnaires covered five broad categories: (1) background characteristics including staff size, budget totals, and facility age, (2) criminal justice system problems, (3) prison crowding, (4) personnel issues such as training needs and programs and (5) operations and procedures including management, management information, and the specific operations in which the respondents were involved. In most cases, variables were measured at the nominal or ordinal level. Question items were grouped into batteries which dealt with specific topic areas (e.g., staff recruitment, judicial training, number of personnel).
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Police chiefs completed 281 surveys for a return rate of 76 percent (well above the 64 percent return rate for all groups), and sheriffs completed 207 surveys for a return rate of 68 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Adult Probation and Parole Agency Heads Data
    • DS2: Trial Court Judges Data
    • DS3: Police Data
    • DS4: Sheriffs Data
    • DS5: Jail Administrators Data
    • DS6: Prosecutors Data
    • DS7: Trial Court Administrators Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1986
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
County and city law enforcement agencies (police forces, courts, jails, and probation and parole offices) in the 50 states.
Sampling
From a sample of 375 counties across the United States, 2,500 respondents were selected for inclusion in the assessment study. All 175 counties having a population greater than 250,000 were sampled with certainty. The remaining 200 counties were sampled from those having populations less than 250,000. Within each sampled county, the heads of law enforcement agencies were requested to complete questionnaires about their agencies' needs, problems, and resources. All of the sheriffs included in the sample had law enforcement responsibilities. Care should be taken in interpreting the responses: many of the question items pertain to agency needs and requirements, while others ask for the respondent's own opinions.
Collection Mode
  • The data files in this collection contain free format data. In all of the files, the data values are separated with blanks and missing data is represented by "-1". The machine-readable documentation includes questionnaires corresponding to each of the data files. In some cases, the documentation does not specify value label codes. Users should proceed with due caution under the assumption that in the case of binary variables, 1 is equal to "yes" and 2 is equal to "no". Response data for open-ended question items are not included in the dataset.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 9 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 8 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-C006).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9923 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09923.v1

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

McEwen, J. Thomas; Webster, Barbara; Connors, Edward (1993): National Assessment Program Survey of Criminal Justice Personnel in the United States, 1986. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09923