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Census of Population and Housing, 1990 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample: 5-Percent Sample

Version
v3
Resource Type
Dataset : census data
Creator
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Version 3 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of Population and Housing, 1990 [United States] Series
Publication Date
1993-04-09
Language
English
Free Keywords
age; census data; demographic characteristics; employment; ethnicity; household composition; household income; housing; housing conditions; occupations; population; states (USA); unemployment; wages and salaries; working hours
Description
  • Abstract

    The Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) 5-Percent Sample contains household and person records for a sample of housing units that received the "long form" of the 1990 Census questionnaire. Data items cover the full range of population and housing information collected in the 1990 Census, including 500 occupation categories, age by single years up to 90, and wages in dollars up to $140,000. Each person identified in the sample has an associated household record, containing information on household characteristics such as type of household and family income.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Alabama
    • DS2: Alaska
    • DS4: Arizona
    • DS5: Arkansas
    • DS6: California
    • DS8: Colorado
    • DS9: Connecticut
    • DS10: Delaware
    • DS11: District of Columbia
    • DS12: Florida
    • DS13: Georgia
    • DS15: Hawaii
    • DS16: Idaho
    • DS17: Illinois
    • DS18: Indiana
    • DS19: Iowa
    • DS20: Kansas
    • DS21: Kentucky
    • DS22: Louisiana
    • DS23: Maine
    • DS24: Maryland
    • DS25: Massachusetts
    • DS26: Michigan
    • DS27: Minnesota
    • DS28: Mississippi
    • DS29: Missouri
    • DS30: Montana
    • DS31: Nebraska
    • DS32: Nevada
    • DS33: New Hampshire
    • DS34: New Jersey
    • DS35: New Mexico
    • DS36: New York
    • DS37: North Carolina
    • DS38: North Dakota
    • DS39: Ohio
    • DS40: Oklahoma
    • DS41: Oregon
    • DS42: Pennsylvania
    • DS44: Rhode Island
    • DS45: South Carolina
    • DS46: South Dakota
    • DS47: Tennessee
    • DS48: Texas
    • DS49: Utah
    • DS50: Vermont
    • DS51: Virginia
    • DS53: Washington
    • DS54: West Virginia
    • DS55: Wisconsin
    • DS56: Wyoming
    • DS72: Puerto Rico
    • DS84: Geographic Equivalency File for the Entire Nation
    • DS201: Alabama: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS202: Alaska: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS204: Arizona: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS205: Arkansas: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS206: California: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS208: Colorado: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS209: Connecticut: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS210: Delaware: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS211: District of Columbia: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS212: Florida: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS213: Georgia: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS215: Hawaii: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS216: Idaho: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS217: Illinois: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS218: Indiana: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS219: Iowa: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS220: Kansas: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS221: Kentucky: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS222: Louisiana: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS223: Maine: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS224: Maryland: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS225: Massachusetts: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS226: Michigan: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS227: Minnesota: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS228: Mississippi: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS229: Missouri: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS230: Montana: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS231: Nebraska: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS232: Nevada: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS233: New Hampshire: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS234: New Jersey: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS235: New Mexico: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS236: New York: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS237: North Carolina: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS238: North Dakota: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS239: Ohio: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS240: Oklahoma: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS241: Oregon: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS242: Pennsylvania: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS244: Rhode Island: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS245: South Carolina: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS246: South Dakota: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS247: Tennessee: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS248: Texas: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS249: Utah: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS250: Vermont: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS251: Virginia: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS253: Washington: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS254: West Virginia: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS255: Wisconsin: Revised Group Quarters Data
    • DS256: Wyoming: Revised Group Quarters Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1990
  • Collection date: 1990
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Puerto Rico
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
Sampled Universe
All persons and housing units in the United States.
Sampling
A stratified sample, consisting of a sub-sample of the household units that received the 1990 Census "long-form" questionnaire (approximately 15.9 percent of all housing units).
Collection Mode
  • (1) All PUMS files were resupplied by the Census Bureau during the summer of 1993 and Group Quarters data were resupplied in 1996. ICPSR has incorporated extensive user notes into the machine-readable codebook. The Revised Group Quarters data files contain group quarters data that supersede those included in the full data files (Datasets 0001 through 0056). The group quarters variables with errors in the original files are POWSTATE, POWPUMA, MIGSTATE, and MIGPUMA. These errors are corrected in the Revised Group Quarters Data files. (2) Although all records are 231 characters in length, each file is hierarchical in structure, containing a housing unit record followed by a variable number of person records. Both record types contain approximately 120 variables. Two improvements over the 1980 PUMS files have been incorporated. First, the housing unit serial number is identified on both the housing unit record and on the person record, allowing the file to be processed as a rectangular file. In addition, each person record is assigned an individual weight, allowing users to more closely approximate published reports. Unlike previous years, the 1990 PUMS 1-Percent and 5-Percent Samples have not been released in separate geographic series (known as "A," "B," etc. records). Instead, each sample has its own set of geographies, known as "Public Use Microdata Areas" (PUMAs), established by the Census Bureau with assistance from each State Data Center. The PUMAs in the 5-Percent Sample are based on counties and places within states. Each PUMA is a county or place, or groups thereof, except when the county or place contains more than 200,000 inhabitants. In that case, the county or place is divided into several PUMAs. PUMAs in this 5-Percent Sample do not cross state lines.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 85 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 83 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 82 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 81 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 80 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9952 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09952.v2
Publications
  • Porter, Michael. The rent gap at the metropolitan scale: New York City's land-value valleys, 1990-2006. Urban Geography.31, (3), 385-405.2010.
    • ID: 10.2747/0272-3638.31.3.385 (DOI)
  • Gittell, Ross. Constrained choices and persistent gender inequity: The economic status of working women in a high-income, low-poverty state with lessons for others. American Behavioral Scientist.53, (2), 170-192.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002764209346697 (DOI)
  • Angrist, Joshua, Chin, Aimee, Godoy, Ricardo. Is Spanish-only schooling responsible for the Puerto Rican language gap?. Journal of Development Economics.85, 105-128.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2006.06.004 (DOI)
  • Cohen, Yinon, Haberfeld, Yitchak. Self-selection and earnings assimilation: Immigrants from the former soviet union in israel and the United States. Demography.44, (3), 649-668.2007.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2007.0023 (DOI)
  • Gruber, Jonathan. Religious Market Structure, Religious Participation, and Outcomes: Is Religion Good for You?. NBER Working Paper Series.11377, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w11377.pdf (URL)
  • Elo, Irma T., Turra, Cassio M., Kestenbaum, Bert, Ferguson, B. Renee. Mortality Among Elderly Hispanics in the United States: Past Evidence and New Results. Demography.41, (1), 109-128.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0001 (DOI)
  • Huffman, Matt L., Cohen, Philip N.. Racial Wage Inequality: Job Segregation and Devaluation Across U.S. Labor Markets. American Journal of Sociology.109, (4), 902-936.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/378928 (DOI)
  • Cohen, Philip N., Huffman, Matt L.. Individuals, jobs, and labor markets: the devaluation of women's work. American Sociological Review.68, (3), 443-463.2003.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1519732 (URL)
  • Hughes, Mary Elizabeth. Home economics: Metropolitan labor and housing markets and domestic arrangements in young adulthood. Social Forces.81, (4), 1399 -2003.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2003.0059 (DOI)
  • Mutchler, Jan E., Burr, Jefrey A.. Living Arrangements Among Older Persons. Research on Aging.25, (6), 531-558.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027503256692 (DOI)
  • Xie, Yu, Raymo, James M., Goyette, Kimberly, Thornton, Arland. Economic potential and entry into marriage and cohabitation. Demography.40, (2), 351 -2003.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2003.0019 (DOI)
  • Cotter, David A., Hermsen, Joan M., Vanneman, Reeve. Gendered Opportunities for Work. Research on Aging.24, (6), 600-629.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/016402702237184 (DOI)
  • Gonzalez, Arturo, Torre, Adela de la. The educational outcomes of Hispanics and non-Hispanics in Arizona: Implications for national and state policy makers. Educational Policy.16, (2), 288 -2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/0895904802162003 (DOI)
  • Gould, Eric D., Weinberg, Bruce A., Mustard, David B.. Crime Rates and Local Labor Market Opportunities in the United States: 1979-1997. Review of Economics and Statistics.84, (1), 45-61.2002.
    • ID: 10.1162/003465302317331919 (DOI)
  • Jepsen, Lisa K., Jepsen, Christopher A.. An Empirical Analysis of the Matching Patterns of Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex Couples. Demography.39, (2), 435-453.2002.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2002.0027 (DOI)
  • Kaufman, Robert L.. Assessing alternative perspectives on race and sex employment segregation. American Sociological Review.67, (4), 547-572.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088945 (URL)
  • Kim, Jibum, Lauderdale, Diane S.. The Role of Community Context in Immigrant Elderly Living Arrangements. Research on Aging.24, (6), 630-653.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/016402702237185 (DOI)
  • Kulczycki, Andrzej, Lobo, Arun Peter. Patterns, determinants, and implications of intermarriage among Arab Americans. Journal of Marriage and Family.64, (1), 202-230.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2002.00202.x (DOI)
  • Newbold, K. Bruce. Estimating the Refugee Population from PUMS Data: Issues and Demographic Implications. Growth and Change.33, (3), 370-389.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/1468-2257.00195 (DOI)
  • Rosenfeld, Michael J.. Measures of assimilation in the marriage market: Mexican Americans 1970-1990. Journal of Marriage and Family.64, (1), 152 -2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2002.00152.x (DOI)
  • Allegretto, Sylvia A., Arthur, Michelle M.. An empirical analysis of homosexual/heterosexual male earnings differentials: Unmarried and unequal?. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.54, (3), 631-646.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2695994 (URL)
  • Boyle, Paul, Cooke, Thomas J., Halfacree, Keith, Smith, Darren. A Cross-National Comparison of the Impact of Family Migration on Women's Employment Status. Demography.38, (2), 201-213.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0012 (DOI)
  • Florida, Richard, Gates, Gary. Technology and Tolerance: The Importance of Diversity to High-Technology Growth. Survey Series.Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.brook.edu/urban/floridaexsum.htm (URL)
  • Fu, Vincent Kang. Racial Intermarriage Pairings. Demography.38, (2), 147-159.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0011 (DOI)
  • Geronimus, Arline T., Bound, John, Waidmann, Timothy A., Colen, Cynthia G., Steffick, Dianne. Inequality in Life Expectancy, Functional Status, and Active Life Expectancy Across Selected Black and White Populations in the United States. Demography.38, (2), 227-251.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0015 (DOI)
  • Grodsky, Eric, Pager, Devah. The structure of disadvantage: Individual and occupational determinants of the black-white wage gap. American Sociological Review.66, (4), 542-567.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088922 (URL)
  • Hao, Lingxin, Kawano, Yukio. Immigrants' Welfare Use and Opportunity for Contact with Co-ethnics. Demography.38, (3), 375-389.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0027 (DOI)
  • Kritz, Mary M., Gurak, Douglas T.. The Impact of Immigration on the Internal Migration of Natives and Immigrants. Demography.38, (1), 133-145.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0006 (DOI)
  • Model, Suzanne, Fisher, Gene. Black-White Unions: West Indians and African Americans Compared. Demography.38, (2), 177-185.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0019 (DOI)
  • Rosenfeld, Michael J.. The Salience of Pan-National Hispanic and Asian Indentities in U.S. Marriage Markets. Demography.38, (2), 161-175.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0020 (DOI)
  • Black, Dan, Gates, Gary, Sanders, Seth, Taylor, Lowell. Demographics of the gay and lesbian population in the United States: Evidence from available systematic data sources. Demography.37, (2), 139-154.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2648117 (URL)
  • Christiadi. Estimating Employer Demand for County Level Educational Attainment: A Case Study of Taylor County, West Virginia. Research Paper.2004, Morgantown, WV: Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.rri.wvu.edu/pdffiles/christiadi.pdf (URL)
  • Funkhouser, Edward. Changes in the geographic concentration and location of residence of immigrants. International Migration Review.34, (2), 489-510.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2675911 (URL)
  • Gang, Ira N., Stuart, Robert C.. Does background matter? The transmission of human capital from a planned to a market economy. International Migration Review.34, (2), 511-537.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2675912 (URL)
  • Gurak, Douglas T., Kritz, Mary M.. The Interstate Migration of U.S. Immigrants: Individual and Contextual Determinants. Social Forces.78, (3), 1017-1039.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3005940 (URL)
  • Kritz, Mary M., Gurak, Douglas T., Chen, Likwang. Elderly Immigrants: Their Composition and Living Arrangements. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare.27, (1), 85-114.2000.
  • McCall, Leslie. Explaining Levels of Within-Group Wage Inequality in U.S. Labor Markets. Demography.37, (4), 415-430.2000.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2000.0008 (DOI)
  • McCall, Leslie. Gender and the new inequality: Explaining the college/non-college wage gap. American Sociological Review.65, (2), 234-255.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2657439 (URL)
  • Newbold, K. Bruce. Intended and initial settlement patterns of tecent immigrants to the U.S., 1985-1990: A comparison of PUMS and INS public use files. Population and Environment.21, (6), 539-563.2000.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02436771 (DOI)
  • Savolainen, Jukka. Relative cohort size and age-specific arrest rates: A conditional interpretation of the Easterlin effect. Criminology.38, (1), 117-136.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb00885.x (DOI)
  • Sorenson, Susan B., Lew, Vivian. Homicide and nativity: A look at victimization and offending in Los Angeles County. Homicide Studies.4, (2), 162-184.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767900004002003 (DOI)
  • Bankston, Carl L., III, Henry, Jacques. Endogamy among Louisiana Cajuns: A Social Class Explanation. Social Forces.77, (4), 1317-1338.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/sf/77.4.1317 (DOI)
  • Camarota, Steven A.. Importing Poverty: Immigration's Impact on the Size and Growth of the Poor Population in the United States. Center for Immigration Studies, Washington, D.C.. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.cis.org/articles/poverty_study/ (URL)
  • DiPasquale, Denise, Kahn, Matthew E.. Measuring neighborhood investments: An examination of community choice. Real Estate Economics.27, (3), 389-424.1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/1540-6229.00778 (DOI)
  • Freeman, Lance. A Note on the Influence of African Heritage on Segregation: The Case of Dominicans. Urban Affairs Review.35, (1), 137-146.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/10780879922184329 (DOI)
  • Goyette, Kimberly, Xie, Yu. The Intersection of Immigration and Gender: Labor Force Outcomes of Immigrant Women Scientists. Social Science Quarterly.80, (2), 395-408.1999.
  • Logan, John R., Stults, Brian J.. Racial differences in exposure to crime: The city and suburbs of Cleveland in 1990. Criminology.37, (2), 251-276.1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1999.tb00486.x (DOI)
  • Murdock, Steve H., Shai, Nanbin, Saenz, Rogelio. The Effect of Immigration on Poverty in the Southwestern United States, 1980-1990. Social Science Quarterly.80, (2), 310-324.1999.
  • Spener, David, Bean, Frank D.. Self-Employment Concentration and Earnings among Mexican Immigrants in the U.S.. Social Forces.77, (3), 1021-1047.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3005970 (URL)
  • Zhang, Pidi, Sanders, Jimy. Extended Stratification: Immigrant and Native Differences in Individual and Family Labor. Sociological Quarterly.40, (4), 681 -1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1533-8525.1999.tb00574.x (DOI)
  • Angrist, Joshua D., Evans, William N.. Children and their parents' labor supply: Evidence from exogenous variation in family size. American Economic Review.88, (3), 450-477.1998.
  • Butcher, Kristin F., Piehl, Anne Morrison. Recent immigrants: Unexpected implications for crime and incarceration. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.51, (4), 654-679.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2525013 (URL)
  • Card, David. Deregulation and labor earnings in the airline industry. Regulatory Reform and Labor Markets.Norwell: Kluwer. 1998.
  • Chay, Kenneth Y., Greenstone, Michael. Does Air Quality Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market. NBER Working Paper Series.6826, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w6826.pdf (URL)
  • Cohen, Philip N.. Black concentration effects on black-white and gender inequality: Multilevel analysis for U.S. metropolitan areas. Social Forces.77, (1), 207-229.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3006015 (URL)
  • Hersch, Joni. Compensating differentials for gender-specific job injury risks. American Economic Review.88, (3), 628-642.1998.
  • Hu, Wei-Yin. Elderly immigrants on welfare. Journal of Human Resources.33, (3), 711-741.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/146339 (URL)
  • Klawitter, Marieka, Flatt, Victor. The Effects of State and Local Antidiscrimination Policies on Earnings for Gays and Lesbians. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.17, (4), 658-686.1998.
    • ID: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6688(199823)17:4<658::AID-PAM4>3.0.CO;2-P (DOI)
  • Lin, Ge, Xie, Yu. The loglinear modeling of interstate migration: Some additional considerations. American Sociological Review.63, (6), 900-907.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2657509 (URL)
  • O'Connor, Robert E.. Race and Head Start Participation: Political and Social Determinants of Enrollment Success in the States. Social Science Quarterly.79, (3), 595-606.1998.
  • Raphael, Steven. Inter- and intra-ethnic comparisons of the central city--suburban youth employment differential: Evidence from the Oakland metropolitan area. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.51, (3), 505-524.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2525120 (URL)
  • Razin, Eran, Light, Ivan. Ethnic Entrepreneurs in America's Largest Metropolitan Areas. Urban Affairs Review.33, (3), 332-360.1998.
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  • Schram, Sandford, Nitz, Lawrence, Krueger, Gary. Without cause or effect: Reconsidering welfare migration as a policy problem. American Journal of Political Science.42, (18), 210-230.1998.
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  • Aguirre, B.E., Saenz, Rogelio, James, Brian Sinclair. Marielitos Ten Years Later: The Scarface Legacy. Social Science Quarterly.78, (2), 487-507.1997.
  • Dodoo, F. Nii-Amoo. Assimilation differences among Africans in America. Social Forces.76, (2), 527-546.1997.
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  • Hwang, Sean-Shong, Saenz, Rogelio. Fertility of Chinese immigrants in the U.S.: Testing a fertility emancipation hypothesis. Journal of Marriage and Family.59, (1), 50-61.1997.
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  • Landale, Nancy S., Richter, Daniel T.. Geography and the Etiology of Poverty among Latino Children. Social Science Quarterly.78, (4), 874-894.1997.
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  • Liebler, Carolyn A.. American Indian Ethnic Identity: An Analysis of Tribal Specifications in the 1990 Census. CDE Working Paper 96-20.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1996.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1993): Census of Population and Housing, 1990 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample: 5-Percent Sample. Version 3. Census of Population and Housing, 1990 [United States] Series. Version: v3. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09952.v3