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Great Power Wars, 1495-1815

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • Levy, Jack S.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
defense (military); international conflict; international relations; military strength; national security; war; war deaths; world politics
  • Abstract

    This study identifies "great power" wars, i.e., major-minor wars, or those involving at least one great power on each side. In order to exclude protracted conflicts with low levels of fighting, an annual average of 1,000 battle deaths was required for inclusion in this collection. Great powers are defined as countries or states that play a major role in international politics with respect to security-related issues. Such powers must have a high level of military capability relative to other states and be able to project military power beyond their borders with the option of using force, or the threat of force, to help shape their external environment. They play a large role in international organizations and politics and are perceived as great powers by other members of the international community. Variables in this collection include the duration of each war, its severity in terms of the number of battle-connected deaths, the extent of the war (defined as the number of great powers participating in the fighting), magnitude of the war (combining extent and duration indicators), and the concentration of war (the ratio of severity to magnitude).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Main Data File
    • DS2: SAS Data Definition Statements
    • DS10: Diskette D00154
Temporal Coverage
  • 1495 / 1815
    Time period: 1495--1815
  • 1986 / 1989
    Collection date: 1986--1989
Geographic Coverage
  • Global
Sampled Universe
All wars from 1495 to 1815 in which the sum of fatalities for all participants was at least 1,000.
Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES86-10567).
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9955 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Colaresi, Michael. Shocks to the system: Great power rivalry and the leadership long cycle. Journal of Conflict Resolution.45, (5), 569-593.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002701045005002 (DOI)
  • Nevin, John. War Initiation and Selection by Consequences. Journal of Peace Research.33, (1), 99-108.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022343396033001007 (DOI)
  • Brecher, Michael. Crises in World Politics: Theory and Reality. Oxford: Pergamon. 1993.
  • Siverson, Randolph M., Starr, Harvey. The Diffusion of War: A Study of Opportunity and Willingness. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 1991.
  • Cioffi-Revella, Claudio. The Scientific Measurement of International Conflict: Handbook of Datasets on Crises and Wars, 1495-1988. Boulder: Lynne Rienner. 1990.
  • Levy, Jack S.. Historical trends in great power war, 1495-1975. International War: An Anthology.Homewood: Free Press. 1989.
  • Levy, Jack S.. Analytical problems in the identification of wars. International Interactions.14, 181-186.1988.
    • ID: 10.1080/03050628808434702 (DOI)
  • Mansfield, Edward D.. The distribution of wars over time. World Politics.41, (1), 21-51.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Walt, Stephen. The Origins of Alliances. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1987.
  • Levy, Jack S., Morgan, T. Clifton. The war-weariness hypothesis: An empirical test. American Journal of Political Science.30, (1), 26-49.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Goldstein, Joshua S.. Kondratieff Wave as War Cycles. International Studies Quarterly.29, (4), 411-444.1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Levy, Jack S., Morgan, T. Clifton. The Frequency and Seriousness of War: An Inverse Relationship?. Journal of Conflict Resolution.28, (4), 731-749.1984.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002784028004007 (DOI)
  • Levy, Jack S.. The contagion of great power war behavior, 1495-1975. American Journal of Political Science.26, (3), 562-584.1982.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Levy, Jack S. (1994): Great Power Wars, 1495-1815. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.