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Effects of Legal Supervision of Chronic Addict Offenders in Southern California, 1974-1981

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and event/transaction data
Creator
  • Anglin, M. Douglas
  • Deschenes, Elizabeth P.
  • Speckart, George
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1998-08-03
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
drug dependence; drug law offenses; drug offenders; drug related crimes; methadone maintenance; supervised liberty; treatment programs
Description
  • Abstract

    This study examined the effects of timing and level of legal supervision in controlling antisocial behavior and promoting prosocial behavior in chronic addict offenders. The study sought to answer several questions: (1) What is the effect of legal supervision on the criminal behavior of addicts? (2) Does legal supervision have time-course effects? (3) What are the differential effects of varying types of legal supervision (e.g., probation, parole, urinalysis, higher or lower number of contacts per month)? Data were obtained by conducting retrospective interviews with four separate groups of subjects from four distinct research projects previously conducted in Southern California (McGlothlin, Anglin, and Wilson, 1977, Anglin, McGlothlin, and Speckart, 1981, Anglin, McGlothlin, Speckart, and Ryan, 1982, and McGlothlin and Anglin, 1981). The first group were male patients in the California Civil Addict Program, admitted in 1962-1964, who were interviewed for this survey in 1974-1975. The second group was a sample of addicts drawn from male first admissions between the years 1971-1973 from Los Angeles, San Bernardino, and Orange County methadone maintenance programs. These respondents were interviewed during the years 1978-1979, an average of 6.6 years after admission. The third group consisted of male and female methadone maintenance patients selected from rosters of clients active on June 30, 1976, at clinics in Bakersfield and Tulare, California. These subjects were interviewed during 1978 and 1979, an average of 3.5 years after admission. The fourth group of subjects consisted of males and females who were active on September 30, 1978, at San Diego, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Orange County clinics and were interviewed during the years 1980-1981, an average of six years after their admission. Subjects included Anglo-American and Mexican-American males and females. The samples were generally representative of California methadone maintenance patients except for the second sample, which had been selected to study the impact of civil commitment parole status on the behavior of patients receiving methadone and was not necessarily representative of the overall population of admitted patients receiving methodone. Before the interview, a schematic time line on each offender was prepared, which included all known arrests and intervals of incarceration, legal supervision, and methadone treatment, based on criminal justice system and treatment program records. In discussion with the subject, the interviewer established the date of the first narcotics use on the time line, then proceeded chronologically through the time line, marking a change in narcotics use from less-than-daily use to daily use (or vice versa), or a change in the respondent's legal or treatment status, as a time interval. The interviewer repeated this process for successive intervals up through the date of the interview. Parts 1-8 consist of the interview data, with Forms 2 and 3 corresponding to the various intervals. There can be multiple intervals for each individual. Variables cover drug use, employment, criminal behavior, legal status, conditions of parole or probation, and drug treatment enrollment. Form 1 data contain background information on offenders, such as family and substance abuse history, and Form 4 data include other personal information as well as self-reported arrest and treatment histories. Parts 9 and 10, Master Data, were created from selected variables from the interview data. Parts 11 and 12, Arrest Data, were collected from official criminal justice records and describe each offender's arrests, such as month and year of arrest, charge, disposition, and arrest category. The datasets are split between the Southern California (Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Orange County, Bakersfield, Tulare, and Riverside) and San Diego clinic locations.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Form 1 Data for San Diego
    • DS2: Form 2 Data for San Diego
    • DS3: Form 3 Data for San Diego
    • DS4: Form 4 Data for San Diego
    • DS5: Form 1 Data for Southern California
    • DS6: Form 2 Data for Southern California
    • DS7: Form 3 Data for Southern California
    • DS8: Form 4 Data for Southern California
    • DS9: Master Data for San Diego
    • DS10: Master Data for Southern California
    • DS11: Arrest Data for San Diego
    • DS12: Arrest Data for Southern California
Temporal Coverage
  • 1974 / 1981
    Time period: 1974--1981
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Methadone maintenance patients in California from 1962-1981.
Sampling
Complete descriptions of the specific composition of the sample groups of subjects are provided in the following publication: Anglin, M. Douglas, and William H. McGlothlin, "Outcome of Narcotic Addict Treatment in California." In Frank M. Tims and Jacqueline P. Ludford (eds.), DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT EVALUATION: STRATEGIES, PROGRESS, AND PROSPECTS. Research Monograph 51. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1984, pp. 106-128.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Questions about these data can be addressed to M. Douglas Anglin, UCLA Drug Abuse Research Group, Neuropsychiatric Institute. (2) The codebook and data collection instrument are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Note
2006-03-30 File CB9974.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (86-IJ-CX-0069).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9974 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09974.v1
Publications
  • Anglin, M. Douglas, Deschenes, Elizabeth P., Speckart, George. Effects of Legal Supervision on Narcotics Use and Criminal Behavior Over the Addiction Career. NCJ 126040, Los Angeles, CA: University of California Los Angeles, Drug Abuse Research Group. 1998.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126040NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Deschenes, Elizabeth P., Anglin, M. Douglas, Speckart, George. Narcotics addiction: Related criminal careers, social and economic costs. Journal of Drug Issues.21, (22), 383-412.1991.
  • Anglin, M. Douglas, Deschenes, Elizabeth P., Speckart, George. Reexamining the Effects of Probation and Parole on Narcotics Addiction and Property Crime. NCJ 126036, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1990.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126036NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Chaiken, Jan M., Chaiken, Marcia R.. Drugs and Predatory Crime. Drugs and Crime. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1990.
  • Hser, Yih-Ing, Chou, Chih-Ping, Anglin, M. Douglas. The criminality of female narcotics addicts: A causal modeling approach. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.6, (2), 207-228.1990.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01065851 (DOI)
  • Anglin, M. Douglas, Brecht, Mary-Lynn, Maddahian, Ebrahim. Pretreatment characteristics and treatment performance of legally coerced versus voluntary methadone maintenance admissions. Criminology.27, (3), 1989.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1989.tb01045.x (DOI)
  • Anglin, M. Douglas, Hser, Yih-Ing. Legal Coercion and Drug Abuse Treatment: Research Findings and Social Policy Implications. NCJ 126043, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1989.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126043NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Deschenes, Elizabeth P., Anglin, M. Douglas. Effects of Legal Supervision on Narcotic Addict Behavior: Ethnic and Gender Influences. NCJ 126041, . 1989.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126041NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Speckart, George, Anglin, M. Douglas, Deschenes, Elizabeth Piper. Modeling the Longitudinal Impact of Legal Sanctions on Narcotics Use and Property Crime. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.5, 33-56.1989.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01066260 (DOI)
  • Anglin, M. Douglas, Deschenes, Elizabeth P., Speckart, George. Optimization of Legal Supervision for Chronic Addict Offenders, Final Report. NCJ 126035, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1988.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126035NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Anglin, M. Douglas, Speckart, George. Narcotics Use and Crime: A Multisample, Multimethod Analysis. Criminology.26, (2), 197-233.1988.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1988.tb00839.x (DOI)
  • Deschenes, Elizabeth P., Anglin, M. Douglas, Speckart, George. Differential Effectiveness of Legal Supervision on Narcotic Addict Behavior. NCJ 126038, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1988.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126038NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Deschenes, Elizabeth P., Anglin, M. Douglas, Speckart, George. Narcotics Addiction: Related Criminal Careers, Social and Economic Costs. NCJ 126034, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1988.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126034NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Anglin, M. Douglas, Hser, Yih-Ing. Addicted Women and Crime. Criminology.25, (2), 359-397.1987.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1987.tb00802.x (DOI)
  • Anglin, M.Douglas, Deschenes, Elizabeth P., Speckart, George. Effects of Legal Supervision on Narcotic Use and Criminal Behavior Over the Addiction Career. Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Montreal, Canada. 1987.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126040NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Anglin, M.Douglas, Deschenes, Elizabeth P., Speckart, George. The Effect of Legal Supervision on Narcotic Addiction and Criminal Behavior. Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Montreal, Canada. 1987.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126042NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Anglin, M. Douglas, Speckart, George. Narcotics use, property crime, and dealing: Structural dynamics across the addiction career. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.2, (4), 355-375.1986.
  • Speckart, George, Anglin, M. Douglas. Narcotics and crime: A causal modeling approach. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.2, (1), 3-28.1986.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01064593 (DOI)
  • Anglin, M. Douglas, Deschenes, Elizabeth P.. Ethnic and Gender Differences in Legal Supervision Effectiveness in Controlling Narcotics Use and Crime. NCJ 126039, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. .
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126039NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Anglin, M. Douglas; Deschenes, Elizabeth P.; Speckart, George (1998): Effects of Legal Supervision of Chronic Addict Offenders in Southern California, 1974-1981. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09974