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Evaluating Alternative Police Responses to Spouse Assault in Colorado Springs: an Enhanced Replication of the Minneapolis Experiment, 1987-1989

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and event/transaction data
Creator
  • Black, Howard (Colorado Springs Police Department)
  • Berk, Richard (Colorado Springs Police Department)
  • Lily, James (Colorado Springs Police Department)
  • Owenbey, Robert (Colorado Springs Police Department)
  • Rikoski, Giannina (Colorado Springs Police Department)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1994-06-03
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; counseling; crisis intervention; domestic assault; intervention; intervention strategies; police intervention; police response; recidivism; spouse abuse; victims
Description
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to replicate an experiment in Minneapolis (MINNEAPOLIS INTERVENTION PROJECT, 1986-1987 [ICPSR 9808]) testing alternative police response to cases of spouse assault, using a larger number of subjects and a more complex research design. The study focused on how police response affected subsequent incidents of spouse assault. Police responses studied included arrest, issuing emergency protection orders, referring the suspect to counseling, separating the suspect and the victim, and restoring order only (no specific action). Data were obtained through initial incident reports, counseling information, and personal interviews. Follow-up interviews were conducted at three- and six-month periods, and recidivists were identified through police and court record checks. Variables from initial incident reports include number of charges, date, location, and disposition of charges, weapon(s) used, victim injuries, medical attention received, behavior towards police, victim and suspect comments, and demographic information such as race, sex, relationship to victim/offender, age, and past victim/offender history. Data collected from counseling forms provide information on demographic characteristics of the suspect, type of counseling, topics covered in counseling, suspect's level of participation, and therapist comments. Court records investigate victim and suspect criminal histories, including descriptions of charges and their disposition, conditions of pretrial release, and the victim's contact with pretrial services. Other variables included in follow-up checks focus on criminal and offense history of the suspect. The data collection includes separate data files for the original, second, and final versions of some of the forms that were used.
  • Abstract

    This study employed a factorial design whereby the police response to spouse assault acted as the independent variable. Models of domestic violence were developed using two competing theories: Victim Empowerment and Specific Deterrence. When an officer arrived at the scene of a domestic violence incident, a random treatment was assigned via radio dispatch. Officers had final authority over assignment, and could assign another treatment at their own discretion. Treatments included arresting the suspect, issuing an emergency protection order, referring the suspect to counseling, separating the suspect and the victim, and restoring order only (no specific action). A unique four-digit project ID number was assigned to each subject. It was possible for an individual to appear several times: as a victim in one case and a suspect in another -- as a victim or suspect in several cases with different partners -- or as a repeat case that was not properly screened. Follow-up interviews were conducted with victims at three- and six-month periods. Recidivists were identified through extensive police and court record checks, and victim empowerment data were collected with a validated survey instrument.
  • Abstract

    Variables from initial incident reports include number of charges, date, location, and disposition of charges, victim and suspect demographics, weapon(s) used, victim injuries, medical attention received, behavior towards police, and victim and suspect comments. Data collected from counseling forms provide information on suspect demographics, type of counseling, topics covered in counseling, suspect's level of participation, and therapist comments. Court records investigate victim and suspect criminal histories, including descriptions of charges and their disposition, conditions of pretrial release, and the victim's contact with pretrial services. Other variables included in follow-up checks focus on criminal and offense history of the suspect.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Of the 1,150 cases in the project (excluding the repeat cases), 80 percent received an initial interview. Final interviews were completed on 1,079 (70 percent) of the 1,202 cases that received the randomly assigned treatment.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Initial Call Implementation Form Data
    • DS2: Final Version of Suspect Counseling Form Data
    • DS3: Second Version of Suspect Counseling Form Data
    • DS4: Original Version of Suspect Counseling Form Data
    • DS5: Original Version of Initial Victim Interview Data
    • DS6: Second Version of Initial Victim Interview Data
    • DS7: Final Version of Initial Victim Interview Data
    • DS8: Original Version of Final Victim Interview Data
    • DS9: Final Version of Final Victim Interview Data
    • DS10: Initial Suspect Criminal History Check Data
    • DS11: Initial Victim Criminal History Check Data
    • DS12: Six-Month Suspect Criminal History Check Data
    • DS13: Six-Month Victim Criminal History Check Data
    • DS14: Initial Suspect Charge Check Data
    • DS15: Initial Suspect Victimization Check Data
    • DS16: Initial Victim Charge Check Data
    • DS17: Initial Victim Victimization Check Data
    • DS18: Six-Month Suspect Charge Check Data
    • DS19: Six-Month Suspect Victimization Check Data
    • DS20: Six-Month Victim Charge Check Data
    • DS21: Six-Month Victim Victimization Check Data
    • DS22: Final Version of Court Penetration Form Data
    • DS23: Second Version of Court Penetration Form Data
    • DS24: Original Version of Court Penetration Form Data
    • DS25: Codebook for All Parts
    • DS26: SAS Data Definition Statements for Initial Call Implementation Form Data
    • DS27: SAS Data Definition Statements for Final Version of Suspect Counseling Form Data
    • DS28: SAS Data Definition Statements for Second Version of Suspect Counseling Form Data
    • DS29: SAS Data Definition Statements for Original Version of Suspect Counseling Form Data
    • DS30: SAS Data Definition Statements for Original Version of Initial Victim Interview Data
    • DS31: SAS Data Definition Statements for Second Version of Initial Victim Interview Data
    • DS32: SAS Data Definition Statements for Final Version of Initial Victim Interview Data
    • DS33: SAS Data Definition Statements for Original Version of Final Victim Interview Data
    • DS34: SAS Data Definition Statements for Final Version of Final Victim Interview Data
    • DS35: SAS Data Definition Statements for Initial Suspect Criminal History Check Data
    • DS36: SAS Data Definition Statements for Initial Victim Criminal History Check Data
    • DS37: SAS Data Definition Statements for Six-Month Suspect Criminal History Check Data
    • DS38: SAS Data Definition Statements for Six-Month Victim Criminal History Check Data
    • DS39: SAS Data Definition Statements for Check Data, Parts 14-21
    • DS40: SAS Data Definition Statements for Final Version of Court Penetration Form Data
    • DS41: SAS Data Definition Statements for Second Version of Court Penetration Form Data
    • DS42: SAS Data Definition Statements for Original Version of Court Penetration Form Data
    • DS43: SPSS Data Definition Statements for Check Data, Parts 14-21
    • DS44: User Guide
Temporal Coverage
  • 1987-03 / 1989-04
    Time period: 1987-03--1989-04
  • 1987 / 1989
    Collection date: 1987--1989
Geographic Coverage
  • Colorado
  • Colorado Springs
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All domestic violence calls made to the Colorado Springs Police Department between March 1987 and April 1989.
Sampling
A random sampling method was used in the assignment of all five of the officer response alternatives. Officers had final authority over assignment, and could assign another treatment at their own discretion.
Collection Mode
  • All variables over two columns wide may contain values of "-22", "-66", "-77", "-99", "X". These values may or may not be documented in the codebook. All alphanumeric variables over seven columns wide with these same values are not listed in the "MISSING VALUE RECODE" nor in the "MISSING VALUES" files.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 44 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 25 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (86-IJ-CX-0045).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9982 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Yates, Donald L., Pillai, Jijayan K., Berry, Phyllis E.. Mediation verses arrest approaches to domestic assault: Policy implications for addressing domestic abuse among under-educated and jobless offenders. American Journal of Criminal Justice.33, (2), 282-296.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12103-008-9038-y (DOI)
  • Piquero, Ales R., Brame, Robert, Fagan, Jeffrey, Moffitt, Terrie E.. Assessing the offending activity of criminal domestic violence suspects: Offense specialization, escalation, and de-escalation evidence from the Spouse Assault Replication Program. Public Health Reports.121, 409-418.2006.
  • Piquero, Alex R., Brame, Robert, Fagan, Jeffrey, Moffitt, Terrie E.. Assessing the Offending Activity of Criminal Domestic Violence Suspects: Offense Specialization, Escalation, and De-Escalation Evidence from the Spouse Assault Replication Program. Final Report.NCJ 212298, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2005.
  • Maxwell, Christopher D., Garner, Joel H., Fagan, Jefferey A.. The preventive effects of arrest on intimate partner violence: Research, policy and theory. Criminology and Public Policy.2, (1), 51-79.2002.
  • Maxwell, Christopher D., Garner, Joel H., Fagan, Jeffrey A.. The effects of arrest on intimate partner violence: New evidence from the spouse assault replication program. Research in Brief.NCJ 188199, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/188199.pdf (URL)
  • Taylor, Bruce G., Davis, Robert C., Maxwell, Christopher D.. The effects of a group batterer treatment program: A randomized experiment in Brooklyn. Justice Quarterly.18, (1), 171-201.2001.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820100094861 (DOI)
  • Farmer, Amy, Tiefenthaler, Jill. The Employment Effects of Domestic Violence. Colgate University Working Paper 100-04.. 2000.
  • Garner, Joel H., Maxwell, Christopher D.. What are the lessons of the police arrest studies?. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma.4, (1), 83-114.2000.
    • ID: 10.1300/J146v04n01_05 (DOI)
  • Mills, Linda G.. Mandatory arrest and prosecution policies for domestic violence: A critical literature reviw and the case for more research to test victime empowerment approaches. Criminal Justice and Behavior.25, (3), 306-318.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854898025003002 (DOI)
  • Fagan, Jeffrey, Garner, Joel, Maxwell, Christopher. Reducing Injuries to Women in Domestic Assaults, Final Report. Atlanta, GA: United States Department of Health and Human Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1997.
  • Garner, Joel H., Fagan, Jeffrey, Maxwell, Christopher. Published finding from the Spouse Assault Replication Program: A critical review. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.11, (1), 3-28.1995.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02221298 (DOI)
  • Berk, Richard A., Campbell, Alec, Klap, Ruth, Western, Bruce. A Bayesian Analysis of the Colorado Springs Spouse Abuse Experiment. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.83, 170-200.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1143828 (URL)
  • Sherman, Lawrence W., Schmidt, Janell D., Rogan, Dennis P.. Policing Domestic Violence: Experiments and Dilemmas. New York, NY: Free Press. 1992.
  • Black, H., Berk, R., Lily, J., Owenbey, R., Rikoski, G.. Evaluating Alternative Police Responses to Spouse Assault in Colorado Springs, CO: An Enhanced Replication of the Minneapolis Experiment, 1987-1989. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1986.
  • Colorado Springs Police Department. Colorado Springs Spouse Assault Replication Project, Final Report. NCJ 139735, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. .
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/139735NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Black, Howard; Berk, Richard; Lily, James; Owenbey, Robert; Rikoski, Giannina (1994): Evaluating Alternative Police Responses to Spouse Assault in Colorado Springs: an Enhanced Replication of the Minneapolis Experiment, 1987-1989. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09982.v1