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Census of Population and Housing, 2000 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample: 5-Percent Sample

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of Population and Housing, 2000 [United States] Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
age; census data; demographic characteristics; employment; ethnicity; household composition; household income; housing; housing conditions; occupations; population; population migration; states (USA); unemployment; wages and salaries; working hours
  • Abstract

    These Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) files contain records representing a 5-percent sample of the occupied and vacant housing units in the United States and the people in the occupied units. People living in group quarters also are included. The files provide individual weights for persons and housing units, which when applied to the individual records, expand the sample to the relevant totals. Some of the items on the housing record are acreage, agricultural sales, allocation flags for housing items, bedrooms, condominium fee, contract rent, cost of utilities, family income in 1999, family, subfamily, and relationship recodes, farm residence, fire, hazard, and flood insurance, fuels used, gross rent, heating fuel, household income in 1999, household type, housing unit weight, kitchen facilities, linguistic isolation, meals included in rent, mobile home costs, mortgage payment, mortgage status, plumbing facilities, presence and age of own children, presence of subfamilies in household, real estate taxes, number of rooms, selected monthly owner costs, size of building (units in structure), state code, telephone service, tenure, vacancy status, value (of housing unit), vehicles available, year householder moved into unit, and year structure built. Some of the items on the person record are ability to speak English, age, allocation flags for population items, ancestry, citizenship, class of worker, disability status, earnings in 1999, educational attainment, grandparents as caregivers, Hispanic origin, hours worked, income in 1999 by type, industry, language spoken at home, marital status, means of transportation to work, migration Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA), migration state, mobility status, veteran period of service, years of military service, occupation, persons weight, personal care limitation, place of birth, place of work PUMA, place of work state, poverty status in 1999, race, relationship, school enrollment and type of school, time of departure for work, travel time to work, vehicle occupancy, weeks worked in 1999, work limitation status, work status in 1999, and year of entry. The Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) files contain geographic units known as Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) and super-Public Use Microdata Areas (super-PUMAs). To maintain the confidentiality of the PUMS data, minimum population thresholds are set for PUMAs and super-PUMAs. For the 1-percent state-level files, the super-PUMAs contain a minimum population of 400,000 and are composed of a PUMA or a group of contiguous PUMAs delineated on the 5-percent state-level PUMS files. Super-PUMAs are a new geographic entity for Census 2000. The 5-percent state-level files contain PUMAs, each having a minimum population of 100,000, and corresponding super-PUMA codes. Each state is separately identified and may be comprised of one or more super-PUMAs or PUMAs. Large metropolitan areas may be subdivided into super-PUMAs and PUMAs. PUMAs and super-PUMAs do not cross state lines. Super-PUMAs and PUMAs also are defined for place of residence on April 1, 1995, and place of work.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Alabama
    • DS2: Alaska
    • DS4: Arizona
    • DS5: Arkansas
    • DS6: California
    • DS8: Colorado
    • DS9: Connecticut
    • DS10: Delaware
    • DS11: District of Columbia
    • DS12: Florida
    • DS13: Georgia
    • DS15: Hawaii
    • DS16: Idaho
    • DS17: Illinois
    • DS18: Indiana
    • DS19: Iowa
    • DS20: Kansas
    • DS21: Kentucky
    • DS22: Louisiana
    • DS23: Maine
    • DS24: Maryland
    • DS25: Massachusetts
    • DS26: Michigan
    • DS27: Minnesota
    • DS28: Mississippi
    • DS29: Missouri
    • DS30: Montana
    • DS31: Nebraska
    • DS32: Nevada
    • DS33: New Hampshire
    • DS34: New Jersey
    • DS35: New Mexico
    • DS36: New York
    • DS37: North Carolina
    • DS38: North Dakota
    • DS39: Ohio
    • DS40: Oklahoma
    • DS41: Oregon
    • DS42: Pennsylvania
    • DS44: Rhode Island
    • DS45: South Carolina
    • DS46: South Dakota
    • DS47: Tennessee
    • DS48: Texas
    • DS49: Utah
    • DS50: Vermont
    • DS51: Virginia
    • DS53: Washington
    • DS54: West Virginia
    • DS55: Wisconsin
    • DS56: Wyoming
    • DS72: Puerto Rico
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2000
  • Collection date: 2000
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Puerto Rico
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
Sampled Universe
All persons and housing units in the United States.
A stratified sample of the population, which was created by subsampling the full census sample (approximately 15.8 percent of all housing units) that received census long-form questionnaires.
Collection Mode
  • (1) There are two files per state: the data file and the PUMS Equivalency file. The data file is hierarchical. The housing record has a record length of 316 with 106 variables and the person record has a record length of 266 with 155 variables. The Equivalency files list the geographic components (counties or MCDs, places, tracts where available) and their assigned PUMA and super-PUMA codes. (2) The codebook is provided by the principal investigator as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 77 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 76 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 75 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 74 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 73 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 13568 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR13568.v1
  • Bailey, Martha J.. Fifty years of family planning: New evidence on the long-run effects of increasing access to contraception. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.46, (1), 341-409.2013.
    • ID: 10.1353/eca.2013.0001 (DOI)
  • Alexander, J. Trent, Davern, Michael, Stevenson, Betsey. The polls-review: Inaccurate age and sex data in the Census PUMS files: Evidence and implications and sex data in the Census PUMS files: Evidence and Implications. Public Opinion Quarterly.74, (3), 551-569.2010.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfq033 (DOI)
  • Porter, Michael. The rent gap at the metropolitan scale: New York City's land-value valleys, 1990-2006. Urban Geography.31, (3), 385-405.2010.
    • ID: 10.2747/0272-3638.31.3.385 (DOI)
  • Burden, Frances F.. Examining Parolees in Their Communities: Poverty, Rurality, and Criminal Justice Resources. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University. 2009.
  • Gittell, Ross. Constrained choices and persistent gender inequity: The economic status of working women in a high-income, low-poverty state with lessons for others. American Behavioral Scientist.53, (2), 170-192.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002764209346697 (DOI)
  • Glaeser, Edward L., Resseger, Matt, Tobio, Kristina. Inequality in cities. Journal of Regional Science.49, (4), 617-646.2009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9787.2009.00627.x (DOI)
  • Albrecht, Don E., Albrecht, Scott G.. The benefits and costs of inequality for the advantaged and disadvantaged. Social Science Quarterly.88, (2), 382-403.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2007.00463.x (DOI)
  • Cohen, Yinon, Haberfeld, Yitchak. Self-selection and earnings assimilation: Immigrants from the former soviet union in israel and the United States. Demography.44, (3), 649-668.2007.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2007.0023 (DOI)
  • Brown, Susan L., Lee, Gary R., Bulanda, Jennifer Roebuck. Cohabitation Among Older Adults: A National Portrait. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.61B, (2), S71-S79.2006.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/61.2.S71 (DOI)
  • Fellowes, Matt, Berube, Alan. Leaving Money (and Food) on the Table: Food Stamp Participation in Major Metropolitan Areas and Counties. Survey Series.Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program. 2005.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Montgomery, Rhonda J.V., Holley, Lyn, Deichert, Jerome, Kosloski, Karl. A profile of home care workers from the 2000 census: How it changes what we know. Gerontologist.45, (5), 593-600.2005.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/45.5.593 (DOI)
  • Eibner, C., Sturm, Roland, Gresenz, C.R.. Does relative deprivation predict the need for mental health services?. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics.7, (4), 167-175.2004.
  • Frey, William H.. The New Great Migration: Black Americans' Return to the South, 1965-2000. Living Cities Census Series.Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy. 2004.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Singer, Audrey, Wilson, Jill H.. Polyglot Washington: Language Needs and Abilities in the Nation's Capital. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy. 2004.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (2004): Census of Population and Housing, 2000 [United States]: Public Use Microdata Sample: 5-Percent Sample. Archival Version. Census of Population and Housing, 2000 [United States] Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.