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Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Demographic File, Wave 1, 1994-1997

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Earls, Felton J. (Harvard Medical School)
  • Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne (Scientific Director. Columbia University. Teacher's College. Center for the Study of Children and Families)
  • Raudenbush, Stephen W. (Scientific Director. University of Michigan. School of Education and Survey Research Center)
  • Sampson, Robert J. (Scientific Director. Harvard University. Department of Sociology)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) Series
Publication Date
2005-07-22
Funding Reference
  • John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Child Care Bureau
  • Harris Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
  • United States Department of Education. Office of Educational Research and Improvement
  • Turner Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
adolescents; caregivers; children; demographic characteristics; domestic partnership; education; ethnic identity; ethnicity; families; language; living arrangements; marital status; native language; race; religion
Description
  • Abstract

    The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) was a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. One component of the PHDCN was the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults, and their primary caregivers over time to examine the changing circumstances of their lives, as well as the personal characteristics, that might lead them toward or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors. Numerous measures were administered to respondents to gauge various aspects of human development, including individual differences, as well as family, peer, and school influences. The data files in this study contain basic demographic information, as well as information relevant to race/ethnicity and family acculturation.
  • Abstract

    Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) was a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. It was designed to advance the understanding of the developmental pathways of both positive and negative human social behaviors. In particular, the project examined the causes and pathways of juvenile delinquency, adult crime, substance abuse, and violence. At the same time, the project provided a detailed look at the environments in which these social behaviors took place by collecting substantial amounts of data about urban Chicago, including its people, institutions, and resources. Longitudinal Cohort Study One component of the PHDCN was the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults, and their primary caregivers over time to examine the changing circumstances of their lives, as well as the personal characteristics, that might lead them toward or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors. The age cohorts include birth (0), 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years. Numerous measures were administered to respondents to gauge various aspects of human development, including individual differences, as well as family, peer, and school influences. Demographic File The data in this collection are from Wave 1 of the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was administered between 1994 and 1997. The data files contain information from the Demographic File protocol. The data files contain basic demographic information, as well as information relevant to race/ethnicity and family acculturation.
  • Abstract

    Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods The city of Chicago was selected as the research site for the PHDCN because of its extensive racial, ethnic, and social-class diversity. The project collapsed 847 census tracts in the city of Chicago into 343 neighborhood clusters (NCs) based upon seven groupings of racial/ethnic composition and three levels of socioeconomic status. The NCs were designed to be ecologically meaningful. They were composed of geographically contiguous census tracts and geographic boundaries, and knowledge of Chicago's neighborhoods were considered in the definition of the NCs. Each NC was comprised of approximately 8,000 people. Longitudinal Cohort Study For the Longitudinal Cohort Study, a stratified probability sample of 80 neighborhoods was selected. The 80 NCs were sampled from the 21 strata (seven racial/ethnic groups by three socioeconomic levels) with the goal of representing the 21 cells as equally as possible to eliminate the confounding between racial/ethnic mix and socioeconomic status. Once the 80 NCs were chosen, then block groups were selected at random within each of the sample neighborhoods. A complete listing of dwelling units was collected for all sampled block groups. Pregnant women, children, and young adults in seven age cohorts (birth, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years) were identified through in-person screening of approximately 40,000 dwelling units within the 80 NCs. The screening response rate was 80 percent. Children within six months of the birthday that qualified them for the sample were selected for inclusion in the Longitudinal Cohort Study. A total of 8,347 participants were identified through the screening. Of the eligible study participants, 6,228 were interviewed. For all cohorts except 0 and 18, primary caregivers as well as the child were interviewed. The primary caregiver was the person found to spend the most time taking care of the child. Separate research assistants administered the primary caregiver interviews and the child interviews. The primary method of data collection was face-to-face interviewing, although participants who refused to complete the personal interview were administered a phone interview. Interviews were conducted in Spanish, English, and Polish. In Wave 1 the complete protocol was translated into Spanish and Polish. An interpreter was hired for participants who spoke a language other than English, Spanish, or Polish. Depending on the age and wave of data collection, participants were paid between $5 and $20 per interview. Other incentives, such as free passes to museums, the aquarium, and monthly drawing prizes were also included. Interview protocols included a wide range of questions. For example, some questions assessed impulse control and sensation-seeking traits, cognitive and language development, leisure activities, delinquency and substance abuse, friends' activities, and self-perception, attitudes, and values. Caregivers were also interviewed about family structure, parent characteristics, parent-child relationships, parent discipline styles, family mental health, and family history of criminal behavior and drug use. Demographic File For Cohorts 0 through 15, the primary caregiver answered questions. For Cohort 18, the subject answered questions.
  • Abstract

    The data files contain demographic information regarding the subject's residency. The files also contain information concerning the primary caregiver's residency, use of language, education, ethnicity, religion, marital status, as well as the same information for the primary caregiver's partner, and the subject's biological father and mother.
  • Methods

    none
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The overall response rate for Wave 1 of the Longitudinal Cohort Study was 75 percent or 6,228 participants. The response rates by cohort were: 76.2 percent (1,269) for Cohort 0; 76.6 percent (1,003) for Cohort 3; 75.0 percent (980) for Cohort 6; 75.9 percent (828) for Cohort 9; 74.3 percent (820) for Cohort 12; 71.6 percent (696) for Cohort 15; 70.3 percent (632) for Cohort 18;
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Cohort 0
    • DS2: Cohort 3
    • DS3: Cohort 6
    • DS4: Cohort 9
    • DS5: Cohort 12
    • DS6: Cohort 15
    • DS7: Cohort 18
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994 / 1997
    Time period: 1994--1997
  • 1994 / 1997
    Collection date: 1994--1997
Geographic Coverage
  • Chicago
  • Illinois
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Children, adolescents, young adults, and their primary caregivers, living in the city of Chicago in 1994.
Sampling
Stratified probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, telephone interview

    The Murray Research Center conducted the initial data and documentation processing for this collection.

    At present, only a restricted version of the data is available (see RESTRICTIONS field).* A downloadable version of the data is slated to be available in the near future.

Note
2006-02-07 Data were moved to restricted access. The metadata record was changed accordingly. Funding insitution(s): John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Child Care Bureau. Harris Foundation. United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau. United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (93-IJ-CX-K005). United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health. United States Department of Education. Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Turner Foundation.
Availability
Download
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 13581 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Ahlin, Eileen M., Lobo Antunes, Maria Joao. Locus of control orientation: Parents, peers, and place. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.2015.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-015-0253-9 (DOI)
  • Edwards, Renee C., Hans, Sydney L.. Infant risk factors associated with internalizing, externalizing, and co-occurring behavior problems in young children. Developmental Psychology.51, (4), 489-499.2015.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0038800 (DOI)
  • Ahlin, Eileen M.. Locus of control redux: Adolescents' choice to refrain from violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.29, (14), 2695-2717.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260513520505 (DOI)
  • Barajas-Gonzalez, R. Gabriela, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Income, neighborhood stressors, and harsh parenting: Test of moderation by ethnicity, age, and gender. Journal of Family Psychology.2014.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0038242 (DOI)
  • Burrington, Lori A.. Neighborhood structure, immigrant status, and youth violence: Assessing the role of parental supervision. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204014547723 (DOI)
  • Drinkard, Allyson M.. Predicting prosociality among urban adolescents: Individual, family, and neighborhood influences. Youth and Society.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X14543266 (DOI)
  • Lobo Antunes, Maria Joao, Ahlin, Eileen M.. Protecting youth against exposure to violence: Intersections of race/ethnicity, neighborhood, family, and friends. Race and Justice.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/2153368714550879 (DOI)
  • Madero-Hernandez, Arelys N.. Examining Three Alternative Adaptations for the Race/Ethnicity Disparities in Violent Victimization: Mediation, Moderation, and Contextual Effects. Dissertation, University of Cincinnati. 2014.
    • ID: https://etd.ohiolink.edu/!etd.send_file?accession=ucin1406809741&disposition=inline (URL)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M., Messner, Steven F., Rees, Carter. Incorporating unstructured socializing into the study of secondary exposure to community violence: Etiological and empirical implications. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.29, (10), 1802-1833.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260513511702 (DOI)
  • Ahlin, Eileen M.. Youth Involvement in Crime: The Importance of Locus of Control and Collective Efficacy. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing. 2013.
  • Jackson, Aubrey L.. Influences of Women's Individual and Neighborhood Resources on Relative Risks of Dissolution and Subsequent IPV. Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Chicago, IL. 2013.
  • Jackson, Aubrey L.. Three Essays on the Protective Effects of Women's Neighborhood-Level Socioeconomic Resources on Intimate Partner Violence and Perceptions of Social Disorder. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 2013.
  • Kennedy, Traci M.. Exposed: Revealing Patterns of Community Violence Exposure and Psychological Well-Being Among Urban Youth. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2013.
  • Milan, Stephanie, Zona, Kate, Acker, Jenna, Turcios-Cotto, Viana. Prospective risk factors for adolescent PTSD: Sources of differential exposure and differential vulnerability. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.41, (2), 339-353.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10802-012-9677-9 (DOI)
  • Price, Maggi, Higa-McMillan, Charmaine, Kim, Sunyoung, Frueh, B. Christopher. Trauma experience in children and adolescents: An assessment of the effects of trauma type and role of interpersonal proximity. Journal of Anxiety Disorders.27, (7), 652-660.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2013.07.009 (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory R., Messner, Steven F.. Individual, family background, and contextual explanations of racial and ethnic disparities in youths' exposure to violence. American Journal of Public Health.103, (3), 435-442.2013.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300931 (DOI)
  • Burnette, Mandi L., Oshri, Assaf, Lax, Rachael, Richards, Dayton, Ragbeer, Shayne N.. Pathways from harsh parenting to adolescent antisocial behavior: A multidomain test of gender moderation. Development and Psychopathology.24, (3), 857-870.2012.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0954579412000417 (DOI)
  • DiPietro, Stephanie M., McGloin, Jean M.. Differential susceptibility? Immigrant youth and peer influence. Criminology.50, (3), 711-742.2012.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2012.00273.x (DOI)
  • Fagan, Abigail A., Wright, Emily M.. The effects of neighborhood context on youth violence and delinquency: Does gender matter?. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.10, (1), 64-82.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204011422086 (DOI)
  • Gardner, Margo, Browning, Christopher, Brooks-Gun, Jeanne. Can organized youth activities protect against internalizing problems among adolescents living in violent homes?. Journal of Research on Adolescence.22, (4), 662-677.2012.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2012.00811.x (DOI)
  • Gibson, Chris L.. An investigation of neighborhood disadvantage, low self-control, and violent victimization among youth. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.10, (1), 41-63.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204011423767 (DOI)
  • Jain, Sonia, Buka, Stephen L., Subramanian, S. V., Molnar, Beth E.. Protective factors for youth exposed to violence: Role of developmental assets in building emotional resilience. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.10, (1), 107-129.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204011424735 (DOI)
  • Martin, Anne, Razza, Rachel A., Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Specifying the links between household chaos and preschool children's development. Early Child Development and Care.182, (10), 1247-1263.2012.
    • ID: 10.1080/03004430.2011.605522 (DOI)
  • Miller, Holly V.. Correlates of delinquency and victimization in a sample of Hispanic youth. International Criminal Justice Review.22, (2), 153-170.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/1057567712444922 (DOI)
  • Price, Maggie. Complex Trauma Experience in Children and Adolescents: An Assessment of the Effects of Trauma Type and Role of Interpersonal Proximity. Thesis, University of Hawaii, Hilo. 2012.
  • Slopen, Natalie, Fitzmaurice, Garrett M., Williams, David R., Gilman, Stephen E.. Common patterns of violence experiences and depression and anxiety among adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology.47, (10), 1591-1605.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s00127-011-0466-5 (DOI)
  • Wareham, Jennifer, Boots, Denise P.. The link between mental health problems and youth violence in adolescence: A multilevel test of DSM-oriented problems. Criminal Justice and Behavior.39, (8), 1003-1024.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854812439290 (DOI)
  • Boots, Denise Paquette, Wareham, Jennifer, Weir, Henriikka. Gendered perspectives on depression and antisocial behaviors: An extension of the Failure Model in adolescents. Criminal Justice and Behavior.38, (1), 63-84.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854810388504 (DOI)
  • Edwards, Renee Clare. The Role of Infant Temperament, Family Processes, and Ethnicity in the Development of Early Childhood Internalizing Behaviors. Dissertation, University of Chicago. 2011.
  • Emery, Clifton R.. Controlling for selection effects in the relationship between child behavior problems and exposure to intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.26, (8), 1541-1558.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260510370597 (DOI)
  • Emery, Clifton R., Jolley, Jennifer M., Wu, Shali. Desistance from intimate partner violence: The role of legal cynicism, collective efficacy, and social disorganization in Chicago neighborhoods. American Journal of Community Psychology.48, (3-4), 373-383.2011.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10464-010-9362-5 (DOI)
  • Frank, Reanne, Bjornstrom, Eileen. A tale of two cities: Residential context and risky behavior among adolescents in Los Angeles and Chicago. Health and Place.17, (1), 67-77.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.08.017 (DOI)
  • Leventhal, Tama, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Changes in neighborhood poverty from 1990 to 2000 and youth's problem behaviors. Developmental Psychology.47, (6), 1680-1698.2011.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0025314 (DOI)
  • Lopez, Kristina M., Miller, Holly V.. Ethnicity, acculturation, and offending: Findings from a sample of Hispanic adolescents. Open Family Studies Journal.4, 27-37.2011.
  • Shekarkhar, Zahra, Gibson, Chris L.. Gender, self-control, and offending behaviors among Latino youth. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice.27, (1), 63-80.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/1043986211402224 (DOI)
  • Skeer, Margie R., McCormick, Marie C., Normand, Sharon-Lise T., Mimiaga, Matthew J., Buka, Stephen L., Gilman, Stephen E.. Gender differences in the association between family conflict and adolescent substance use disorders. Journal of Adolescent Health.49, (2), 187-192.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.12.003 (DOI)
  • Wareham, Jennifer, Boots, Denise Paquette. Gender differences in mental health problems and violence among Chicago youth . Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice.9, (1), 3-22.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/1541204010373902 (DOI)
  • Wright, Emily M., Fagan, Abigail A., Crittenden, Courtney A.. Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence: Gendered and Contextual Effects on Adolescent Interpersonal Violence, Drug Use, and Mental Health Outcomes. Final Report.NCJ 235153, . 2011.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/235153.pdf (URL)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M., Pogarsky, Greg. The consequences of parental underestimation and overestimation of youth exposure to violence. Journal of Marriage and Family.73, (1), 194-208.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00798.x (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M., Vasquez, Bob Edward. Decomposing the peer effect on adolescent substance use: Mediation, nonlinearity, and differential nonlinearity. Criminology.49, (4), 1235-1273.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2011.00244.x (DOI)
  • Zona, Kate, Milan, Stephanie. Gender differences in the logitudinal impact of exposure to violence on mental health in urban youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.40, (12), 1674-1690.2011.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-011-9649-3 (DOI)
  • Allensworth, Elaine M., Bryk, Anthony S., Sebring, Penny. The Influence of Community Context and Social Capital on Urban School Improvement, Evidence from Chicago. Atlanta, GA. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.warreninstitute3.org/images/download/RT_031011/AR/E_Allensworth_ASA_Community_Social_Capital_Paper.pdf (URL)
  • Chipenda-Dansokho, Selma T.. Lugares de Vida: Places of Life. Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Greensboro. 2010.
  • DiPietro, Stephanie M.. Immigrant Assimiliation, Family Functioning and Delinquency: A Test of Mediating and Moderating Influences. Dissertation, University of Maryland. 2010.
  • Gibson, Chris L., Sullivan, Christopher J., Jones, Shayne, Piquero, Alex R.. 'Does it take a village?' Assessing neighborhood influences on children's self-control. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.47, (1), 31-62.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427809348903 (DOI)
  • Lopez, Kristina. Generational Status and Offending Among a Sample of Hispanic Adolescents. Thesis, The University of Texas at San Antonio. 2010.
  • Sullivan, Susan. Impulsivity, Child Sexual Behavior, and Preadolescent Delinquency and Aggression. Dissertation, Fielding Graduate University . 2010.
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M., Messner, Steven F.. Neighborhood context and the gender gap in adolescent violent crime. American Sociological Review.75, (6), 958-980.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0003122410386688 (DOI)
  • Cradock, Angie L., Kawachi, Ichiro, Colditz, Graham A., Gortmaker, Steven L., Buka, Stephen L.. Neighborhood social cohesion and youth participation in physical activity in Chicago. Social Science and Medicine.68, (3), 427-435.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.10.028 (DOI)
  • Ozdemir, Metin. Predictors and Outcomes of Adolescent Self-Efficacy Beliefs: An Analysis of Individual, Peer, Family, and Neighborhood Level Variables. Dissertation, University of Maryland, Baltimore County. 2009.
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M.. Impulsivity, Offending, and the Neighborhood: Investigating the Person-Context Nexus. Dissertation, State University of New York, Albany. 2009.
  • Burchinal, Margaret, Nelson, Lauren, Carlson, Mary, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Neighborhood characteristics, and child care type and quality. Early Education and Development.19, (5), 702-725.2008.
    • ID: 10.1080/10409280802375273 (DOI)
  • Marz, Kaye Irene. An Integrative Model of Exposure to Violence, Aggression, and Violent Offending. Michigan State University. 2008.
  • Wodarski, John, Mapson, Andridia V.. A differential analysis of criminal behavior among African-American and Caucasian female juvenile delinquents. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment.18, (2), 224-239.2008.
    • ID: 10.1080/10911350802293478 (DOI)
  • Browning, Christopher R., Burrington, Lori A.. Racial differences in sexual and fertility attitudes in an urban setting. Journal of Marriage and Family.68, (1), 236-251.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00244.x (DOI)
  • Kirk, David S.. Unraveling the Neighborhood and School Effects on Youth Behavior. Dissertation, The University of Chicago. 2006.
  • Browning, Christopher R., Leventhal, Tama, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Neighborhood context and racial differences in early adolescent sexual activity. Demography.41, (4), 697-720.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0029 (DOI)
  • Lara, Sandra L.. An Examination of Links Between Family Processes, Exposure to Violence, and Child Mental Health Outcomes: Do SES, Race/Ethnicity, Immigration or Neighborhood Context Matter?. Dissertation, Columbia University. 2002.
  • Cheong, Y.F., Raudenbush, Stephen W.. Measurement and structural models for children's problem behaviors. Psychological Methods.5, (4), 477-495.2000.
    • ID: 10.1037/1082-989X.5.4.477 (DOI)
  • Kuo, Meichun, Mohler, Beat, Raudenbush, Stephen L., Earls, Felton. Assessing exposure to violence using multiple informants: Application of hierarchical linear model. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines.41, (8), 1049-1056.2000.
  • Obeidallah, Dawn A., Brennan, Robert T., Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Kindlon, Daniel, Earls, Felton. Socioeconomic status, race, and girls' pubertal maturation: Results from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. Journal of Research on Adolescence.10, (4), 443-464.2000.
    • ID: 10.1207/SJRA1004_04 (DOI)
  • Earls, Felton. Linking Community Factors and Individual Development. National Institute of Justice Research Preview.NCJ 184348, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles/fs000230.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Earls, Felton J.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Raudenbush, Stephen W.; Sampson, Robert J. (2005): Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Demographic File, Wave 1, 1994-1997. Version 1. Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR13581.v1