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Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Conflict Tactics for Parent and Child, Wave 1, 1994-1997

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Earls, Felton J. (Harvard Medical School)
  • Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne (Scientific Director. Columbia University. Teacher's College. Center for the Study of Children and Families)
  • Raudenbush, Stephen W. (Scientific Director. University of Michigan. School of Education and Survey Research Center)
  • Sampson, Robert J. (Scientific Director. Harvard University. Department of Sociology)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) Series
Publication Date
2005-07-22
Funding Reference
  • John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Child Care Bureau
  • Harris Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
  • United States Department of Education. Office of Educational Research and Improvement
  • Turner Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
abuse; adolescents; aggression; child development; childhood; conflict; conflict resolution; family violence; emotional problems; hostility; neighborhoods; social behavior; threats; violence
Description
  • Abstract

    The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) was a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. One component of the PHDCN was the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults, and their primary caregivers over time to examine the changing circumstances of their lives, as well as the personal characteristics, that might lead them toward or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors. Numerous measures were administered to respondents to gauge various aspects of human development, including individual differences, as well as family, peer, and school influences. One such measure was the Conflict Tactics Scale for Parent and Child (CTSS). The CTSS, administered to the primary caregiver (PC) of subjects belonging to Cohorts 3 to 15, measured psychological and physical maltreatment and neglect of children by their PC, as well as nonviolent modes of discipline. The CTSS also measured the extent to which a PC carried out specific acts of physical and psychological aggression, regardless of whether the child was injured.
  • Abstract

    Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) was a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. It was designed to advance the understanding of the developmental pathways of both positive and negative human social behaviors. In particular, the project examined the causes and pathways of juvenile delinquency, adult crime, substance abuse, and violence. At the same time, the project provided a detailed look at the environments in which these social behaviors took place by collecting substantial amounts of data about urban Chicago, including its people, institutions, and resources. Longitudinal Cohort Study One component of the PHDCN was the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults, and their primary caregivers over time to examine the changing circumstances of their lives, as well as the personal characteristics, that might lead them toward or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors. The age cohorts include birth (0), 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years. Numerous measures were administered to respondents to gauge various aspects of human development, including individual differences, as well as family, peer, and school influences. Conflict Tactics Scale for Parent and Child (CTSS) The data files contain information from the Conflict Tactics Scale for Parent and Child (CTSS) protocol. The CTSS is a derivative from the original Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS). The CTSS was designed to measure psychological and physical maltreatment and neglect of children by their primary caregiver (PC), as well as nonviolent modes of discipline. The CTSS was also designed to measure the extent to which a PC carried out specific acts of physical and psychological aggression, regardless of whether the child was injured. At one time, variables for the CTSS were measured on five major subscales that through various revisions evolved into three: nonviolent discipline, psychological aggression, and physical assault. Variables have also been measured on supplemental scales measuring weekly discipline, neglect, and sexual abuse. The purpose of the PHDCN-administered CTSS was to obtain information about the behavior of primary caregiver toward his or her child.
  • Abstract

    Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods The city of Chicago was selected as the research site for the PHDCN because of its extensive racial, ethnic, and social-class diversity. The project collapsed 847 census tracts in the city of Chicago into 343 neighborhood clusters (NCs) based upon seven groupings of racial/ethnic composition and three levels of socioeconomic status. The NCs were designed to be ecologically meaningful. They were composed of geographically contiguous census tracts, and geographic boundaries and knowledge of Chicago's neighborhoods were considered in the definition of the NCs. Each NC was comprised of approximately 8,000 people. Longitudinal Cohort Study For the Longitudinal Cohort Study, a stratified probability sample of 80 neighborhoods was selected. The 80 NCs were sampled from the 21 strata (seven racial/ethnic groups by three socioeconomic levels) with the goal of representing the 21 cells as equally as possible to eliminate the confounding between racial/ethnic mix and socioeconomic status. Once the 80 NCs were chosen, then block groups were selected at random within each of the sample neighborhoods. A complete listing of dwelling units was collected for all sampled block groups. Pregnant women, children, and young adults in seven age cohorts (birth, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years) were identified through in-person screening of approximately 40,000 dwelling units within the 80 NCs. The screening response rate was 80 percent. Children within six months of the birthday that qualified them for the sample were selected for inclusion in the Longitudinal Cohort Study. A total of 8,347 participants were identified through the screening. Of the eligible study participants, 6,228 were interviewed. For all cohorts except 0 and 18, primary caregivers as well as the child were interviewed. The primary caregiver was the person found to spend the most time taking care of the child. Separate research assistants administered the primary caregiver interviews and the child interviews. The primary method of data collection was face-to-face interviewing, although participants who refused to complete the personal interview were administered a phone interview. Interviews were conducted in Spanish, English, and Polish. In Wave 1 the complete protocol was translated into Spanish and Polish. An interpreter was hired for participants who spoke a language other than English, Spanish, or Polish. Depending on the age and wave of data collection, participants were paid between $5 and $20 per interview. Other incentives, such as free passes to museums, the aquarium, and monthly drawing prizes were also included. Interview protocols included a wide range of questions. For example, some questions assessed impulse control and sensation-seeking traits, cognitive and language development, leisure activities, delinquency and substance abuse, friends' activities, and self-perception, attitudes, and values. Caregivers were also interviewed about family structure, parent characteristics, parent-child relationships, parent discipline styles, family mental health, and family history of criminal behavior and drug use. Conflict Tactics Scale for Parent and Child (CTSS) Completed between 1994 and 1997, the Conflict Tactics Scale for Parent and Child (CTSS) was completed by the PC of subjects belonging to Cohorts 3 to 15 of the PHDCN Longitudinal Cohort Study. Using a six-point Likert-type scale (0 = never, 1 = once, 2 = twice, 3 = 3 to 5 times, 4 = 4 to 10 times, 5 = 11 to 20 times, and 6 = more than 20 times), respondents answered a set of 17 questions about the presence and frequency of the specific acts toward his or her child. Examples of such questions include "Slapped or spanked with an open palm?", "Kicked, bit, or hit with a fist?", Burned or scalded?", "Beat him/her up?", "Pushed, grabbed, or shoved?", "Insulted or sweared [sic]?", and "Threatened to hit or threw something?".
  • Abstract

    In addition to the variables containing the responses to the CTSS, the data contain administrative variables that record identification numbers for respondents and interviewers, cohort, and wave number, as well as the time and date that the CTSS interview was completed.
  • Methods

    none
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: none
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The overall response rate for Wave 1 of the Longitudinal Cohort Study was 75 percent or 6,228 participants. The response rates by cohort were: 76.2 percent (1,269) for Cohort 0; 76.6 percent (1,003) for Cohort 3; 75.0 percent (980) for Cohort 6; 75.9 percent (828) for Cohort 9; 74.3 percent (820) for Cohort 12; 71.6 percent (696) for Cohort 15; 70.3 percent (632) for Cohort 18;
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Cohort 3
    • DS2: Cohort 6
    • DS3: Cohort 9
    • DS4: Cohort 12
    • DS5: Cohort 15
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994 / 1997
    Time period: 1994--1997
  • 1994 / 1997
    Collection date: 1994--1997
Geographic Coverage
  • Chicago
  • Illinois
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Children, adolescents, young adults, and their primary caregivers, living in the city of Chicago in 1994.
Sampling
Stratified probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, telephone interview

    (1) The Murray Research Center conducted the initial data and documentation processing for this collection. (2) At present, only a restricted version of the data is available (see RESTRICTIONS field). A downloadable version of the data is slated to be available in the near future.

Note
2007-09-27 The Wave 1 Questionnaire file has been added. Funding insitution(s): John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Child Care Bureau. Harris Foundation. United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau. United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (93-IJ-CX-K005). United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health. United States Department of Education. Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Turner Foundation.
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 13584 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR13584.v1
Publications
  • Antunes, Maria Joao Lobo, Ahlin, Eileen M.. Family management and youth violence: Are parents or community more salient?. Journal of Community Psychology.42, (3), 316-337.2014.
    • ID: 10.1002/jcop.21612 (DOI)
  • Barajas-Gonzalez, R. Gabriela, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Income, neighborhood stressors, and harsh parenting: Test of moderation by ethnicity, age, and gender. Journal of Family Psychology.2014.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0038242 (DOI)
  • Drinkard, Allyson M.. Predicting prosociality among urban adolescents: Individual, family, and neighborhood influences. Youth and Society.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X14543266 (DOI)
  • Lobo Antunes, Maria Joao, Ahlin, Eileen M.. Protecting youth against exposure to violence: Intersections of race/ethnicity, neighborhood, family, and friends. Race and Justice.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/2153368714550879 (DOI)
  • Mullet, Stephen D.. Socialization versus Temperament as Mediators of Socio-demographic Risk Factors for Child Aggression and Delinquency. Dissertation, Kent State University. 2014.
  • Riinaa, Elizabeth M., Martin, Anne, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Parent-to-child physical aggression, neighborhood cohesion, and development of children's internalizing and externalizing. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology.35, (6), 468-477.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.appdev.2014.04.005 (DOI)
  • Burnette, Mandi L.. Gender and the development of oppositional defiant disorder: Contributions of early family environment. Child Maltreatment.18, (3), 195-204.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559513478144 (DOI)
  • Fagan, Abigail A., Wright, Emily M., Pinchevsky, Gillian M.. Racial/ethnic differences in the relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and adolescent substance use. Journal of Drug Issues.43, (1), 69-84.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022042612462218 (DOI)
  • Foster, Holly, Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. Neighborhood, family and individual influences on school physical victimization. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.42, (10), 1596-1610.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-012-9890-4 (DOI)
  • Wright, Emily M., Fagan, Abigail A.. The cycle of violence in context: Exploring the moderating roles of neighborhood disadvantage and cultural norms. Criminology.51, (2), 217-249.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/1745-9125.12003 (DOI)
  • Zimmerman, Gregory R., Messner, Steven F.. Individual, family background, and contextual explanations of racial and ethnic disparities in youths' exposure to violence. American Journal of Public Health.103, (3), 435-442.2013.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300931 (DOI)
  • Burnette, Mandi L., Oshri, Assaf, Lax, Rachael, Richards, Dayton, Ragbeer, Shayne N.. Pathways from harsh parenting to adolescent antisocial behavior: A multidomain test of gender moderation. Development and Psychopathology.24, (3), 857-870.2012.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0954579412000417 (DOI)
  • Wareham, Jennifer, Boots, Denise P.. The link between mental health problems and youth violence in adolescence: A multilevel test of DSM-oriented problems. Criminal Justice and Behavior.39, (8), 1003-1024.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854812439290 (DOI)
  • Wright, Emily M., Fagan, Abigail A.. Exposure to intimate partner violence: Does the gender of the perpetrator matter for adolescent mental health outcomes?. Criminal Justice and Behavior.39, (1), 26-41.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854811425649 (DOI)
  • Emery, Clifton R.. Controlling for selection effects in the relationship between child behavior problems and exposure to intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.26, (8), 1541-1558.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260510370597 (DOI)
  • Emery, Clifton R., Jolley, Jennifer M., Wu, Shali. Desistance from intimate partner violence: The role of legal cynicism, collective efficacy, and social disorganization in Chicago neighborhoods. American Journal of Community Psychology.48, (3-4), 373-383.2011.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10464-010-9362-5 (DOI)
  • DiPietro, Stephanie M.. Immigrant Assimiliation, Family Functioning and Delinquency: A Test of Mediating and Moderating Influences. Dissertation, University of Maryland. 2010.
  • Gibson, Chris L., Sullivan, Christopher J., Jones, Shayne, Piquero, Alex R.. 'Does it take a village?' Assessing neighborhood influences on children's self-control. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.47, (1), 31-62.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427809348903 (DOI)
  • Oshio, Toko. A Longitudinal Examination of Harsh Discipline and Externalizing Behavior: An Ecological Perspective. Dissertation, Michigan State University. 2009.
  • Zimmerman, Gregory M.. Impulsivity, Offending, and the Neighborhood: Investigating the Person-Context Nexus. Dissertation, State University of New York, Albany. 2009.
  • Marz, Kaye Irene. An Integrative Model of Exposure to Violence, Aggression, and Violent Offending. Michigan State University. 2008.
  • Emery, Clifton R.. Consequences of Childhood Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence. Dissertation, University of Chicago. 2007.
  • Emery, Clifton R.. Consequences of Childhood Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence. Final Technical Report.NCJ 215347, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/215347.pdf (URL)
  • Kirk, David S.. Unraveling the Neighborhood and School Effects on Youth Behavior. Dissertation, The University of Chicago. 2006.
  • Molnar, Beth E., Buka, Stephen L., Brennan, Robert T., Holton, John K., Earls, Felton. A multilevel study of neighborhoods and parent-to-child physical aggression: Results from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. Child Maltreatment.8, (2), 84-97.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077559502250822 (DOI)
  • Wright, Emily M.. The relationship between social support and intimate partner violence in neighborhood context. Crime and Delinquency..
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128712466890 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Earls, Felton J.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Raudenbush, Stephen W.; Sampson, Robert J. (2005): Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Conflict Tactics for Parent and Child, Wave 1, 1994-1997. Archival Version. Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR13584