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Criminal Victimization in Contemporary Urban China: A Multi-Level Analysis of Survey Data for the City of Tianjin, 2004

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Messner, Steven F. (State University of New York (SUNY). University at Albany)
  • Zhang, Lening (Tianjin Academy of Social Sciences)
  • Liu, Jianhong (Tianjin Academy of Social Sciences)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
armed robbery; assault; burglary; community involvement; crime reporting; demographic characteristics; durable goods; fear of crime; fraud; lifestyles; neighborhood characteristics; offenses; personal security; reactions to crime; residential environment; robbery; security systems; self defense; sexual assault; social attitudes; social behavior; social environment; social life; stolen property; transportation; urban areas; urban crime; victimization
  • Abstract

    The Chinese Criminal Victimization Survey collected information regarding demographic, lifestyle, and neighborhood characteristics, and criminal victimization from respondents in six traditional districts located in the central urban area of Tianjin: Heping, Nankai, Hongxiao, Hexi, Hebei, and Hedong. The primary objective of the survey was to study the relationship between lifestyles, neighborhood characteristics, and personal safety among residents of Tianjin, so that improvements can be made in policy-making for public safety and the protection of residents. First, the survey collected demographic information including sex/gender, year of birth, highest completed level of education, employment status, marital status, owner of household, residential status, distance between residence and police station, length of time at current address, household composition, average household income, physical strength, and self-defense capability. The next major focus, lifestyle characteristics, asked respondents about their enrollment in schools, employment, grocery shopping, dining out, and the frequency, mode of travel, and time spent traveling to these activities. Respondents were also asked about alcohol consumption, frequency of travel outside of Tianjin for leisure or work, how often they wore expensive jewelry, safety precautions when leaving home, security at their residence, and the durable goods they owned. The next topic, neighborhood characteristics, queried respondents about their relationship between themselves and their neighbors and the level of trust among these individuals, their involvement in the community and cooperation of neighbors during disputes or emergencies, the frequency of incidents in the last 6 months (i.e. burglaries and fights), and the respondents' perception of safety when walking alone at night. Questions were also asked whether a mediation committee existed and if so, how active it was. For the final section, the survey collected information on the following crimes: theft of bicycles, burglary, swindling, robbery (both armed and unarmed), personal theft, assaults, and sexual offenses (interviewing women only). Respondents were asked whether any incident had occurred to them in the last five years prior to the survey, when and where the most recent incident occurred, whether they reported it to the police, the cost of damages or how much was stolen, the number of offenders involved, whether the offenders had a weapon, and if so, what type and whether they were used, and the respondents' relationships to the offenders.
  • Methods

  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2004
  • Collection date: 2004
Geographic Coverage
  • China (Peoples Republic)
  • Global
  • Tianjin
Sampled Universe
Adults living in the six traditional districts in the central urban area of Tianjin: Heping, Nankai, Hongxiao, Hexi, Hebei, and Hedong. Smallest Geographic Unit: district
The survey entailed a multi-stage cluster design predicated on a combination of judgmental and random sampling. For further information, please refer to the "Sample and Sampling Procedures" section in the Data Producer's codebook portion of the ICPSR codebook.
Collection Mode
  • self-enumerated questionnaire

    For the variable SEX: one case coded '1' "Male" was allowed to answer SXASSLT.

2016-07-05 The codebook and data collection instrument have been made publicly available. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (0351014).
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 21740 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Zhang, Lening, Messner, Steven F., Liu, Jianhong, Zhou, Yue Angela. Guanxi and fear of crime in contemporary China. British Journal of Criminology.49, (4), 472-490.2009.
    • ID: 10.1093/bjc/azp016 (DOI)
  • Liu, Jianhong, Messner, Steven F., Zhang, Lening, Zhuo, Yue. Investigating production mechanism of fear of crime in urban Chinese communities – Role of social disorder. Crime and Criminal Justice International.11, 27-61.2008.
  • Messner, Steven F., Lu, Zhou, Zhang, Lening, Liu, Jianhong. Risks of criminal victimization in contemporary urban China: An application of lifestyle/routine activities theory. Justice Quarterly.24, 496-522.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820701485429 (DOI)
  • Zhang, Lening, Messner, Steven F., Liu, Jianhong. A multilevel analysis of the risk of household burglary in the city of Tianjin, China. British Journal of Criminology.47, 918-937.2007.
    • ID: 10.1093/bjc/azm026 (DOI)
  • Zhang, Lening, Messner, Steven F., Liu, Jianhong. An exploration of the determinants of crime reporting to the police in the city of Tianjin, China. Criminology.45, (4), 959-984.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2007.00093.x (DOI)
  • Zhang, Lening, Messner, Steven F., Liu, Jianhong. Bicycle theft victimization in contemporary urban China: A multilevel analysis of the risk and protective factors. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.44, 406-426.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427807305852 (DOI)
  • Zhang, Lening, Messner, Steven F., Liu, Jianhong. Criminological research in contemporary China: Challenges and lessons learned from a large-scale criminal victimization survey. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology.51, 110-121.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/0306624X06294430 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2016-07-05 | Issue Number: 7 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Messner, Steven F.; Zhang, Lening; Liu, Jianhong (2008): Criminal Victimization in Contemporary Urban China: A Multi-Level Analysis of Survey Data for the City of Tianjin, 2004. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.