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Longitudinal Study of Generations, California, 1971, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2005

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Silverstein, Merril
  • Bengtson, Vern L.
Other Title
  • LSOG (Alternative Title)
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
aging; attitudes; caregivers; family history; family structure; generations; health; household composition; intergenerational relations; life events; marital relations; mental health; social change; values
  • Abstract

    The Longitudinal Study of Generations (LSOG), initiated in 1971, began as a survey of intergenerational relations among 300 three-generation California families with grandparents (then in their sixties), middle-aged parents (then in their early forties), and grandchildren (then aged 15 to 26). The study broadened in 1991 and now includes a fourth generation, the great-grandchildren of these same families. The LSOG, with a fully elaborated generation-sequential design, allows comparisons of sets of aging parents and children at the same stage of life but during different historical periods. These comparisons make possible the investigation of the effects of social change on inter-generational solidarity or conflict across 35 years and four generations, as well as the effects of social change on the ability of families to buffer stressful life transitions (e.g., aging, divorce and remarriage, higher female labor force participation, changes in work and the economy, and possible weakening of family norms of obligation), and the effects of social change on the transmission of values, resources, and behaviors across generations. The LSOG contains information on family structure, household composition, affectual solidarity and conflict, values, attitudes, behaviors, role importance, marital relationships, health and fitness, mental health and well-being, caregiving, leisure activities, and life events and concerns. Demographic variables include age, sex, income, employment status, marital status, socioeconomic history, education, religion, ethnicity, and military service.
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Affectual Solidarity Reliability, Consensual Solidarity (Socialization), Associational Solidarity, Functional Solidarity, Intergenerational Social Support, Normative Solidarity, Familism, Structural Solidarity, Intergenerational Feelings of Conflict, Management of Conflict Tactics, Rosenberg Self-Esteem, Depression (CES-D), Locus of Control, Bradburn Affect Balance, Eysenck Extraversion/Neuroticism, Anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist), Activities of Daily Living (IADL/ADL), Religious Ideology, Political Conservatism, Gender Role Ideology, Individualism/Collectivism, Materialism/Humanism, Work Satisfaction, Gilford-Bengtson Marital Satisfaction
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Waves 1-7
    • DS2: Wave 8
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1971--2005
  • 1971 / 2005
  • Collection date: 1971--2005
  • 1971 / 2005
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Los Angeles
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Multi-generation families in California. Smallest Geographic Unit: None
Families were drawn randomly from a subscriber list of 840,000 members of a California Health Maintenance Organization in Los Angeles. Families were recruited by enlisting a grandfather over the age of 60 who was part of a three-generation family that was willing to participate.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted self interview (CASI)
  • face-to-face interview
  • mail questionnaire
  • self-enumerated questionnaire
  • telephone interview
2019-08-21 The data were updated and resupplied by the data producer; ICPSR has updated the data and documentation to reflect these changes. Additionally, the data producer provided a Stata do file with syntax to merge the two datasets, which is available for download in the study zip folder. The study title was also updated.2016-07-06 Merril Silverstein was added to the collection as a P.I.2015-07-16 Wave 8 was added; including SPSS, SAS, and STATA datasets as well as an ICPSR Variable Description and Frequencies codebook. The codebook for part one was recompiled into a collection level codebook, including both parts one and two. A user guide for the collection has also been added.2009-05-12 Setup files have been updated. Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (2R01AG00799-21A2).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 22100 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR22100.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR22100.v1
  • Brauer, Simon G.. Cohort Succession, Intergenerational Transmission, and the Decline of Religion in the United States. Dissertation, Duke University. 2019.
  • Hwang, Woosang, Yoon, Joonsik, Silverstein, Merril, Brown, Maria T.. Husband-wife religious discordance, marital satisfaction, and risk of marital dissolution in two generations. Journal of Family Issues.40, (9), 1201-1223.2019.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X19835871 (DOI)
  • Reed-Fitzke, Kayla, Withers, Mathew C., Ferraro, Anthony J., Lucier-Greer, Mallory, Duncan, James M.. A growth curve analysis of self-esteem and depressive symptomatology throughout emerging adulthood: The role of family. Emerging Adulthood.2019.
    • ID: 10.1177/2167696818813286 (DOI)
  • Alwin, Duane F., Felmlee, Diane H., Kreager, Derek A.. Social Networks and the Life Course: Integrating the Development of Human Lives and Social Relational Networks. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. 2018.
  • Bengtson, V.L., Silverstein, M.. How grandparents influence the religiosity of their grandchildren: A mixed-methods study of three-generation families in the United States. Grandparenting Practices Around the World: Reshaping Family.Bristol, United Kingdom: Policy Press. 2018.
  • Bengtson, Vern L., Hayward, R. David, Zuckerman, Phil, Silverstein, Merril. Bringing up Nones: Intergenerational influences and cohort trends. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion.57, (2), 258-275.2018.
    • ID: 10.1111/jssr.12511 (DOI)
  • Hwang, Woosang, Silverstein, Merril, Brown, Maria T.. Parent-adult child religious discordance: Consequences for intergenerational solidarity across several decades. Journal of Family Issues.39, (6), 1545-1572.2018.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X17710775 (DOI)
  • Min, Joohong, Silverstein, Merril, Gruenewald, Tara L.. Intergenerational similarity of religiosity over the family life course. Research on Aging.40, (6), 580-596.2018.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027517723076 (DOI)
  • Orth, U., Erol, R.Y., Ledermann, T., Grob, A.. Codevelopment of well-being and self-esteem in romantic partners: Disentangling the effects of mutual influence and shared environment. Developmental Psychology.54, (1), 151-166.2018.
    • ID: 10.1037/dev0000400 (DOI)
  • Silverstein, Merril, Bengtson, Vern L.. Linked religious lives across generational time in family lineages: Grandparents as agents of transmission. Social Networks and the Life Course.Cham: Springer International Publishing. 2018.
    • ID: 10.1007/978-3-319-71544-5_19 (DOI)
  • Suitor, J.J., Gilligan, Megan, Pillemer, Karl, Fingerman, Karen L., Kim, Kyungmin, Silverstein, Merril, Bengtson, Vern L.. Applying within-family differences approaches to enhance understanding of the complexity of intergenerational relations. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.73, (1), 40-53.2018.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/gbx037 (DOI)
  • Gunderson, Justine A.. Grandparenting Experiences: Variations and Effects on Well-Being. Dissertation, The Florida State University. 2017.
  • Hwang, W., Silverstein, M., Brown, M.T.. Stepparent-child intergenerational solidarity in 11 years: Moderating role of religious discordance. Innovation in Aging.1, (1), 10632017.
    • ID: 10.1093/geroni/igx004.3888 (DOI)
  • Lendon, Jessica P.. A decade of love and hate: Trajectories of intergenerational ambivalence experienced by two cohorts of older parents and adult children. Journal of Family Issues.38, (3), 336-357.2017.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X16634763 (DOI)
  • Peralta, Edgar I.. Does Parental Alcoholism Impact an Adult Child's Well-being?. Thesis, California State University, Los Angeles. 2016.
  • Siordia, Carlos. On the relationship between gender roles attitudes, religious ideology and familism in a sample of adults in the United States. Journal of International Women's Studies.17, (4), 229-244.2016.
  • Stokes, Jeffrey E.. Surviving parents' influence on adult children's depressive symptoms following the death of a first parent. Journal of Applied Gerontology.35, (10), 1015-1035.2016.
    • ID: 10.1177/0733464814558876 (DOI)
  • Stokes, Jeffrey E.. The influence of intergenerational relationships on marital quality following the death of a parent in adulthood. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships.33, (1), 3-22.2016.
    • ID: 10.1177/0265407514558962 (DOI)
  • Avila, Adriana M.. LGB vs. Heterosexual Adults: Differences in Relationships With Parents and Psychological Well-Being. Thesis, California State University, Los Angeles. 2015.
  • Bengtson, Vern L., Silverstein, Merril, Putney, Norella M., Harris, Susan C.. Does religiousness increase with age? Age changes and generational differences over 35 years. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion.54, (2), 3632015.
    • ID: 10.1111/jssr.12183 (DOI)
  • Blanco, Erik. It's Better to Give Than Receive, or Is It? The Effect of Social Support on the Psychological Well-Being of Older Parents. Thesis, California State University, Los Angeles. 2015.
  • Hogerbrugge, Martijn J.A., Silverstein, Merril D.. Transitions in relationships with older parents: From middle to later years. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.70, (3), 481-495.2015.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/gbu069 (DOI)
  • Keys, Deborah F.. Parent Development and Wellbeing During the Launching Stage of Parenthood. Dissertation, University of Kentucky. 2015.
  • Erol, R.Y., Orth, U.. Development of self-esteem and relationship satisfaction in couples: Two longitudinal studies. Developmental Psychology.50, (9), 2291-2303.2014.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0037370 (DOI)
  • Fasang, Anette E., Raab, Marcel. Beyond transmission: Intergenerational patterns of family formation among middle-class American families. Demography.51, (5), 1703-1728.2014.
    • ID: 10.1007/s13524-014-0322-9 (DOI)
  • Ledermann, Thomas, Macho, Siegfried. Analyzing change at the dyadic level: The Common Fate Growth Model. Journal of Family Psychology.28, (2), 204-213.2014.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0036051 (DOI)
  • Lendon, Jessica P., Silverstein, Merril, Giarrusso, Roseann. Ambivalence in older parent-adult child relationships: Mixed feelings, mixed measures. Journal of Marriage and Family.76, (2), 272-284.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/jomf.12101 (DOI)
  • Min, Joohong. Intergenerational Transmission of Values and Behaviors Over the Family Life Course. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 2014.
  • Bengtson, Vern L., Putney, Norella M., Harris, Susan. Families and Faith: How Religion is Passed Down across Generations. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2013.
    • ID: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948659.001.0001 (DOI)
  • Erol, R.Y., Orth, U.. Actor and partner effects of self-esteem on relationship satisfaction and the mediating role of secure attachment between the partners. Journal of Research in Personality.47, (1), 26-35.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jrp.2012.11.003 (DOI)
  • Hayward, R. David, Krause, Neal. Patterns of change in religious service attendance across the life course: Evidence from a 34-year longitudinal study. Social Science Research.42, (6), 1480-1489.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2013.06.010 (DOI)
  • Kuster, F., Orth, U.. The long-term stability of self-esteem: Its time-dependent decay and nonzero asymptote. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.39, (5), 677-690.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0146167213480189 (DOI)
  • McDaniel, Susan, Boco, Adebiyi Germain, Zella, Sara. Changing patterns of religious affiliation, religiosity, and marital dissolution: A 35-year study of three-generation families. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage.54, (8), 629-657.2013.
    • ID: 10.1080/10502556.2013.837723 (DOI)
  • Poon, Cecilia Y.M., Knight, Bob G.. Parental emotional support during emerging adulthood and Baby Boomers' well-being in midlife. International Journal of Behavioral Development.37, (6), 498-504.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0165025413498217 (DOI)
  • Fingerman, K.L., Pillemer, K.A., Silverstein, M., Suitor, J.J.. The Baby Boomers' intergenerational relationships. Gerontologist.52, (2), 199-209.2012.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/gnr139 (DOI)
  • Min, Joohong, Silverstein, Merril, Lendon, Jessica P.. Intergenerational transmission of values over the family life course. Advances in Life Course Research.17, (3), 112-120.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.alcr.2012.05.001 (DOI)
  • Orth, Ulrich, Robins, Richard W., Widaman, Keith F.. Life-span development of self-esteem and its effects on important life outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.102, (6), 1271-1288.2012.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0025558 (DOI)
  • Silverstein, Merril, Conroy, Stephen J., Gans, Daphna. Beyond solidarity, reciprocity and altruism: Moral capital as a unifying concept in intergenerational support for older people. Ageing and Society.32, (7), 1246-1262.2012.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0144686X1200058X (DOI)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Social Change: A Data-Driven Learning Guide. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2011.
    • ID: 10.3886/socialchange (DOI)
  • Poon, Cecilia Yee Man. Influence of Early Parental Emotional Abuse and Support on Health in Middle and Late Adulthood. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 2011.
  • Gans, Daphna, Silverstein, Merril, Lowenstein, Ariela. Do religious children care more and provide more care to older parents? A study of filial norms and behaviors across five nations. Journal of Comparative Family Studies.41, (4), 633-638.2010.
  • Reyes, Ricardo. Dynamic Analyses of the Interrelationship between Mothers and Daughters on a Measure of Depressive Symptoms. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 2010.
  • Silverstein, Merril, Gans, Daphna, Lowenstein, Ariela, Giarrusso, Roseann, Bengtson, Vern L.. Older parent-child relationships in six developed nations: Comparisons at the intersection of affection and conflict. Journal of Marriage and Family.72, (4), 1006-1021.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2010.00745.x (DOI)
  • Smith, Jennifer Marie. A Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Examination of the Relationships between Materialism and Well-being and Materialism and Depressive Symptoms. Dissertation, Northeastern University. 2010.
  • Bengtson, V.L., Copen, C.E., Putney, N.M., Silverstein, M.. A longitudinal study of the intergenerational transmission of religion. International Sociology.24, (3), 325-345.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0268580909102911 (DOI)
  • Byers, Amy L., Levy, Becca R., Kasl, Stanislav V., Bruce, Martha L., Allore, Heather G.. Heritability of depressive symptoms: A case study using a multilevel approach. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research.18, (4), 287-296.2009.
    • ID: 10.1002/mpr.292 (DOI)
  • Orth, U., Robins, R.W., Trzesniewski, K.H., Maes, J., Schmitt, M.. Low self-esteem is a risk factor for depressive symptoms from young adulthood to old age. Journal of Abnormal Psychology.118, (3), 472-478.2009.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0015922 (DOI)
  • Byers, A.L., Levy, B.R., Allore, H.G., Bruce, M.L., Kasl, S.V.. When parents matter to their adult children: Filial reliance associated with parents' depressive symptoms. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.63B, (1), 33-40.2008.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/63.1.P33 (DOI)
  • Copen, C.E., Silverstein, M.. The transmission of religious beliefs across generations: Do grandparents matter?. Journal of Comparative Family Studies.39, (1), 59-71.2008.
  • Copen, Casey E.. Transmission and Transitions: Young Adults' Beliefs, Values and Life Course Transitions in Familial Context. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 2008.
  • Nordmeyer, Kristjane K.. A Study of Adult Children's Parental Caregiving Attitudes and Behaviors. Dissertation, University of Utah. 2008.
  • Drew, Linda M., Silverstein, Merril. Grandparents' psychological well-being after loss of contact with their grandchildren. Journal of Family Psychology.21, (3), 372-379.2007.
    • ID: 10.1037/0893-3200.21.3.372 (DOI)
  • Gans, Daphna. Normative Obligations and Parental Care in Social Context. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 2007.
  • Schmeeckle, Maria. Gender dynamics in stepfamilies: Adult stepchildren's views. Journal of Marriage and Family.69, (1), 174-189.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00352.x (DOI)
  • Stransky, Michelle L.. Perceptions of a Generation Gap by Contact and Perceptions of Intergenerational Responsibility. Dissertation, University of New Hampshire. 2007.
  • Feng, D., Silverstein, M., Giarrusso, R., McArdle, J.J., Bengtson, V.L.. Attrition of older adults in longitudinal surveys: Detection and correction of sample selection bias using multigenerational data. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.61, (6), S323-S328.2006.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/61.6.S323 (DOI)
  • Gans, Daphna, Silverstein, Merril. Norms of filial responsibility for aging parents across time and generations. Journal of Marriage and Family.68, (4), 961-976.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00307.x (DOI)
  • Henry, Ryan G.. Parental Death and Its Impact on the Marital Relationship of the Surviving Adult Child. Dissertation, Brigham Young University. 2006.
  • Schmeeckle, Maria, Giarrusso, Roseann, Feng, Du, Bengtson, Vern L.. What makes someone family? Adult children's perceptions of current and former stepparents. Journal of Marriage and Family.68, (3), 595-610.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00277.x (DOI)
  • Silverstein, Merril, Gans, Daphna, Yang, Frances M.. Intergenerational support to aging parents: The role of norms and needs. Journal of Family Issues.27, (8), 1068-1084.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X06288120 (DOI)
  • Heller, Kenneth, Alexander, Douglas B., Gatz, Margaret, Knight, Bob G., Rose, Tara. Social and personal factors as predictors of earthquake preparation: The role of support provision, network discussion, negative affect, age, and education. Journal of Applied Social Psychology.35, (2), 399-422.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2005.tb02127.x (DOI)
  • Henry, Ryan G., Miller, Richard B., Giarrusso, Roseann. Difficulties, disagreements, and disappointments in late-life marriages. International Journal of Aging and Human Development.61, (3), 243-264.2005.
    • ID: 10.2190/EF1G-PNXF-J1VQ-6M72 (DOI)
  • Wakeman, Melanie Ann. Social Change and Intergenerational Solidarity: Mother/daughter Relationships in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century. Dissertation, University of Florida. 2005.
  • Byers, Amy Lynn. Heritability and Quality of Filial Relationships as Predictors of Depression in Old Age. Dissertation, Yale University. 2004.
  • Drew, L. M., Silverstein, M.. Inter-generational role investments of great-grandparents: Consequences for psychological well-being. Ageing and Society.24, (1), 95-111.2004.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0144686X03001533 (DOI)
  • King, Valarie, Silverstein, Merril, Elder, Jr., Glen H., Bengtson, Vern L., Conger, Rand D.. Relations with grandparents: Rural Midwest versus urban Southern California. Journal of Family Issues.24, (8), 1044-1069.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X03255464 (DOI)
  • Bengtson, Vern L., Biblarz, Timothy J., Roberts, Robert E.L.. How Families Still Matter: A Longitudinal Study of Youth in Two Generations. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2002.
  • English, Sara Martin. Marital Quality Over the Life Course: A Hierarchical Linear Model of Duration and Cohort Effects. Dissertation, Texas Tech University. 2002.
  • Putney, Norella Margaret. The Life Paths of Baby Boom Women: A Tale of Unexpected Consequences. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 2002.
  • Silverstein, M., Conroy, S.J., Wang, H., Giarrusso, R., Bengtson, V.L.. Reciprocity in parent-child relations over the adult life course. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.57, (1), S3-S13.2002.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/57.1.S3 (DOI)
  • Bengtson, Vern L.. Beyond the nuclear family: The increasing importance of multigenerational bonds. Journal of Marriage and Family.63, (1), 1-16.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00001.x (DOI)
  • Schmeeckle, Maria. Rethinking the Ties that Bind: Adult Children's Perceptions of Step, Ex-step, and Biological Parents. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 2001.
  • Taylor, Brent Arthur. Tenuous Ties? Father-child Relationships Across Adulthood. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 2000.
  • Clarke, E.J., Preston, M., Raksin, J., Bengtson, V.L.. Types of conflicts and tensions between older parents and adult children. Gerontologist.39, (3), 261-270.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/39.3.261 (DOI)
  • Feng, Du, Giarrusso, Roseann, Bengtson, Vern L., Frye, Nancy. Intergenerational transmission of marital quality and marital instability. Journal of Marriage and Family.61, (2), 451-463.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mills, Terry L.. When grandchildren grow up: Role transition and family solidarity among baby boomer grandchildren and their grandparents. Journal of Aging Studies.13, (2), 219-239.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0890-4065(99)80052-8 (DOI)
  • Parrott, Tonya M., Bengtson, Vern L.. The effects of earlier intergenerational affection, normative expectations, and family conflict on contemporary exchanges of help and support. Research on Aging.21, (1), 73-105.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027599211004 (DOI)
  • Pyke, Karen. The micropolitics of care in relationships between aging parents and adult children: Individualism, collectivism, and power. Journal of Marriage and Family.61, (3), 661-672.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Roberts, R.E.L., Bengtson, V.L.. The social psychology of values: Effects of individual development, social change, and family transmission over the life span. The self and Society in Aging Processes.New York: Springer. 1999.
  • Miller, R.B., Peterson, C.M., Bengtsone, V.L.. Influence of retirement on the quality of marriage: A longitudinal study. Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal.19, (4), 88-96.1998.
  • Silverstein, Merril, Burholt, Vanessa, Wenger, G. Clare, Bengtson, Vern L.. Parent child relations among very old parents in Wales and the United States: A test of modernization theory. Journal of Aging Studies.12, (4), 387-409.1998.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0890-4065(98)90026-3 (DOI)
  • Silverstein, Merril, Long, Jeffrey D.. Trajectories of grandparents' perceived solidarity with adult grandchildren: A growth curve analysis over 23 years. Journal of Marriage and Family.60, (4), 912-923.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Burgess, Elisabeth Owen. The Changing American Marriage: Marital Satisfaction Patterns of Men and Women from Different Birth Cohorts over Twenty-three Years. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1997.
  • Greenwell, L., Bengtson, V.L.. Geographic distance and contact between middle-aged children and their parents: The effects of social class over 20 years. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.52B, (1), S13-S26.1997.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/52B.1.S13 (DOI)
  • Henderson, B. Janettee. Effects of Role Importance, Satisfaction, and Performance on Grandparents' Psychological Well-being. Dissertation, Texas Tech University. 1997.
  • Hutchinson, Cheryl Buckman. Grandparent-Grandchild Relationships Over Time: Connections with the Middle Generation. Dissertation, Syracuse University. 1997.
  • Polisar, Donna. The Private Language of Families: Bringing Us News of Ourselves. University of Southern California. 1997.
  • Biblarz, Timothy J., Bengtson, Vern L., Bucur, Alexander. Social mobility across three generations. Journal of Marriage and Family.58, (1), 188-200.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Clarke, Edward James. Effects of Conflict on Adult Children's Relationship to Parents: A Multi-dimensional Approach to Parent-child Conflict. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1996.
  • Giarrusso, Roseann, Feng, Du, Wang, Qian-wei, Silverstein, Merril. Parenting and co-parenting of grandchildren: Effects on grandparents' well-being and family solidarity. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy.16, (12), 124-154.1996.
    • ID: 10.1108/eb013288 (DOI)
  • Mills, Teheran L.. Grandparents and Their Adult Grandchildren: An Analysis of the Effects of Role Transition on Intergenerational Solidarity Over Time. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1996.
  • Miller, Richard B., Wright, David W.. Detecting and correcting attrition bias in longitudinal family research. Journal of Marriage and Family.57, (4), 921-929.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Parrott, Tonya Monique. Normative Expectations and Exchanges of Help and Support between Adult Children and Their Parents. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1995.
  • Karel, Michele Joy. A Family Study of Factors Influencing Life-sustaining Treatment Decisions. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1994.
  • Oum, Young-Rae. Women's Experiences of Demands and Rewards in Work and Family Life and the Impact of Differential Orientations on Mental Health. Dissertation, Iowa State University. 1994.
  • Kelly, Miriam Elizabeth. A Prospective Study of Affection as a Predictor of Parent Care in a Sample of Adult Children. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1993.
  • Pina, Darlene Laura. The Division of Household Labor and Wives' Happiness: The Importance of Gender Ideology and Employment Status. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1992.
  • Giarrusso, Roseann, Trickett, Penelope, Stallings, Michael, Bengtson, Vern L.. The Transmission of Self-Esteem from Generation to Generation. American Sociological Association.. 1991.
  • Roberts, R.E.L., Bengtson, V.L.. Assessing familial and non-familial sources of parent-child attitude resemblance over two measurement occasions. Best Methods for the Analysis of Change: Recent Advances, Unanswered Questions, Future Direction.Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 1991.
  • Roberts, Robert E. Lee, III. Intergenerational Affection and Psychological Well-being: Implications of the Changing Salience of Work and Family over the Adult Life Course. Dissertation, University of Southern California. 1990.
  • Mellins, Claude A., Boyd, Sandra L., Gatz, Margaret. Caregiving as a Family Network Event. Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America.San Francisco, CA. 1988.
  • Gilford, Rosalie, Bengtson, Vern. Measuring marital satisfaction in three generations: Positive and negative dimensions. Journal of Marriage and Family.41, (2), 387-398.1979.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2019-08-21 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Silverstein, Merril; Bengtson, Vern L. (2008): Longitudinal Study of Generations, California, 1971, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2005. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.