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Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS), 1998-2014

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2009-07-22
Language
English
Free Keywords
activities of daily living; chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; depression (psychology); disabilities; disabled persons; emotional problems; health; health care services; health problems; health status; medical care; Medicare; mental health; older adults; physical characteristics; physical condition; physical limitations; smoking; treatment outcome
Description
  • Abstract

    The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) is the first patient reported health outcomes measure for the Medicare population in managed care settings. It is a continuous study that measures the physical and mental health and well-being of Medicare beneficiaries over a two-year period. Starting in 1998, a baseline survey was administered to a new cohort of respondents each year in the spring and a follow-up survey was conducted of those same respondents two years later. Cohorts 1-5 include the Baseline Data, the Follow-Up Data, and the Analytic Data file, which contains the merged Baseline and Follow-Up files along with supplemental variables. Beginning with Cohort 6, the Follow-Up Data were included only in the Analytic file. The HOS consists of the SF-36 Health Survey, which yields physical and mental health summary measures, as well as questions on topics such as chronic medical conditions, activities of daily living (ADLs), depression, smoking, physical health symptoms, weight and height, and additional questions corresponding to HEDIS (Health Care Employer Data and Information Set) measures such as urinary incontinence in older adults, osteoporosis testing in older women, and fall risk management. In 2006, CMS implemented the Medicare HOS 2.0 for Medicare Advantage Organizations (MAOs) which evaluates physical and mental health status using the Veteran RAND 12-Item Health Survey (VR-12). The revised instrument contains questions that gather information for case-mix and risk-adjustment variables, and collects information on respondents' physical functioning, bodily pain, social functioning, mental health, vitality, general health, and how respondents' physical and emotional health affects their lives. The survey includes case-mix adjustment variables which may be used to adjust the survey response data for beneficiary characteristics that are known to be related to systematic biases in the way people respond to survey questions. Demographic information includes respondent's age, gender, race, education level, marital status, annual household income, and geographic region.
  • Methods

    The data are not weighted.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Cohort 1 (1998-2000): Baseline Data
    • DS2: Cohort 1 (1998-2000): Follow-up Data
    • DS3: Cohort 1 (1998-2000): Analytic Data
    • DS4: Cohort 2 (1999-2001): Baseline Data
    • DS5: Cohort 2 (1999-2001): Follow-up Data
    • DS6: Cohort 2 (1999-2001): Analytic Data
    • DS7: Cohort 3 (2000-2002): Baseline Data
    • DS8: Cohort 3 (2000-2002): Follow-up Data
    • DS9: Cohort 3 (2000-2002): Analytic Data
    • DS10: Cohort 4 (2001-2003): Baseline Data
    • DS11: Cohort 4 (2001-2003): Follow-up Data
    • DS12: Cohort 4 (2001-2003): Analytic Data
    • DS13: Cohort 5 (2002-2004): Baseline Data
    • DS14: Cohort 5 (2002-2004): Follow-up Data
    • DS15: Cohort 5 (2002-2004): Analytic Data
    • DS16: Cohort 6 (2003-2005): Baseline Data
    • DS17: Cohort 6 (2003-2005): Analytic Data
    • DS18: Cohort 7 (2004-2006): Baseline Data
    • DS19: Cohort 7 (2004-2006): Analytic Data
    • DS20: Cohort 8 (2005-2007): Baseline Data
    • DS21: Cohort 8 (2005-2007): Analytic Data
    • DS22: Cohort 9 (2006-2008): Baseline Data
    • DS23: Cohort 10 (2007): Baseline Data
    • DS24: Cohort 10 (2007-2009): Analytic Data
    • DS25: Cohort 11 (2008): Baseline Data
    • DS26: Cohort 11 (2008-2010): Analytic Data
    • DS27: Cohort 12 (2009): Baseline Data
    • DS28: Cohort 12 (2009-2011): Analytic Data
    • DS29: Cohort 13 (2010): Baseline Data
    • DS30: Cohort 13 (2010-2012): Analytic Data
    • DS31: Cohort 14 (2011): Baseline Data
    • DS32: Cohort 14 (2011-2013): Analytic Data
    • DS33: Cohort 15 (2012): Baseline Data
    • DS34: Cohort 15 (2012-2014): Analytic Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1998 / 2014
    Time period: 1998--2014
Geographic Coverage
  • Guam
  • Puerto Rico
  • United States
  • Virgin Islands of the United States
Sampled Universe
Medicare recipients in Medicare contract market areas in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the United States territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands. Smallest Geographic Unit: Region
Sampling
The HOS measure was administered to a randomly selected sample of individuals at baseline from each Managed Advantage Organization (MAO). From this sample, a Follow-Up cohort was identified of those who were eligible for re-measurement two years later. The sampling methodology was dependent upon the size of a plan's population and changed slightly each year. For information on the sample inclusion criteria, please refer to the User Guide for the specific cohort.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI), mail questionnaire

    Cohorts 1-5 contain the Baseline Data, the Follow-Up Data, and the Analytic Data file, which contains the merged Baseline and Follow-Up files along with supplemental variables. Beginning with Cohort 6, the Follow-Up Data were no longer produced separately and were included only in the Analytic Data file.

    Cohort 9 (2006-2008) only contains Baseline data at this time.

    According to the principal investigators, the value "MM" in the survey mode variable, formerly known as survey round number, was not used consistently by the HOS survey vendors since telephone follow-up of incomplete mail surveys is often utilized, with a subsequent "MT" survey mode assignment.

    For the variables corresponding to the Healthy Days questions, NCQA allowed the vendors to enter invalid values into the database when respondents indicated a response of more than 30 days. However, values greater than 30 were excluded from all analyses involving the three healthy days questions in the reports.

    The HOS questionnaire contains multiple skip patterns. Caution should be exercised when examining selected questions that involve skip pattern responses. Please refer to the User Guide for additional information on skip patterns.

    For comprehensive information on the history and progress of the Medicare HOS Program, including the full spectrum of available data and reports, please visit the Medicare Health Outcomes Survey Web site.

    Demographic variables in the baseline survey (age, race, marital status, education level) were collapsed by the principal investigators to ensure the confidentiality of the respondents. Information on how to gain access to HOS nonidentifiable data, identifiable data, and limited data set files is available via the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Web site.

    The CASE_ID identifier assigned to a beneficiary in the analytic public use files does not correspond to any identifier that may be assigned to the same beneficiary in either a baseline public use file or other analytic public use files.

    Any file names referenced in the user guides are not applicable to the ICPSR release of the data.

Note
2016-05-26 Baseline and analytic data for cohorts 14 and 15 have been added to the collection and documentation was updated to account for title change.2014-11-13 Baseline and analytic data for cohorts 10 through 13 have been added to the collection and documentation was updated to account for title change.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 23380 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR23380.v1
Publications
  • Ng, Judy H., Scholle, Sarah Hudson, Wong, Lok, Kong, Vivian, Iruka, Nkemdiri, Mierzejewski, Richard. Disparities in Medicare Beneficiary Outcomes: Socio-Demographic Vulnerability and Prevalent Problems in Older Populations. Implementing the HEDIS Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.Washington, DC: National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA). 2011.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Disparities_Final_Technical_Report.pdf (URL)
  • Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Health Services Advisory Group. 2007-2009 Cohort 10 Medicare Advantage Organization Performance Measurement Report. Medicare Heatlh Outcomes Survey.Baltimore, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_SamplePMR_C10.pdf (URL)
  • Centers for Medicare and Medicare Services, Health Services Advisory Group. Sample 2009 Cohort 12 Medicare Advantage Organization Baseline Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Suvey.Baltimore, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_SampleBaseline_C12.pdf (URL)
  • Harman, Jeffrey S. PhD*, Scholle, Sarah Hudson DrPH†, Ng, Judy H. PhD†, Pawlson, L. Gregor, Mardon, Russell E., Haffer, Samuel C., Shih, Sarah, Bierman, Arlene S.. Association of Health Plans' Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) performance with outcomes of enrollees with diabetes. Medical Care.48, (3), 217-223.2010.
    • ID: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e3181ca3fe6 (DOI)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Health-related Quality of Life and Quality of Care in Specialized Medicare Managed Care Plans. Final Report.. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/Specialized_Managed_Care_Plans_Final_Technical_Report_2010.pdf (URL)
  • National Committee for Quality Assurance. HEDIS®, Volume 6: The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey Manual, 2008-2010. NCQA, . 2010.
  • Selim, Alfredo J., Berlowitz, Dan, Kazis, Lewis E., Rogers, William, Wright Steven M., Qian, Shirley X., Rothendler, James A., Spiro, Avron, III, Miller, Donald, Selim, Bernardo J., Fincke, Benjamin G.. Comparison of health outcomes for male seniors in the Veterans Health Administration and Medicare Advantage plans. Health Services Research.45, (2), 376-396.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2009.01068.x (DOI)
  • Ahmed, Kazi, Kong, Vivian, Chiu, Annie, Whiting, Thomas. Applying Missing Data Imputation Methods to HOS Household Income Data. Implementing the HEDIS® Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.Washington, DC: National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA). 2009.
    • ID: http://www.hosonline.org/surveys/hos/HOS_Income_Imputation_Report_Part2_2009.pdf (URL)
  • Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Sample 2006-2008 Cohort 9 Medicare Advantage Organization Performance Measurement Report. Medicare Heatlh Outcomes Survey.Baltimore, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services. 2009.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_SamplePMR_C9.pdf (URL)
  • Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Health Services Advisory Group. Sample 2008 Cohort 10 Medicare Advantage Organization Baseline Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.Baltimore, MD: Department of Health and Human Services; Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. 2009.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_SampleBaseline_C11.pdf (URL)
  • Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Health Services Advisory Group. Sample 2008 Medicare Health Outcomes Survey--Modified Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOSM_SampleSNP_2008.pdf (URL)
  • Selim, A.J., Kazis, L.E., Qian, S., Rothendler, J.A., Spiro, A., III, Rogers, W, Haffer, S.C., Wright, S.M., Miller, D., Selim, B.J., Fincke, B.G.. Differences in risk-adjusted mortality between medicaid-eligible patients enrolled in medicare advantage plans and those enrolled in the veterans health administration. Journal of Ambulatory Care Management.32, (3), 232-240.2009.
  • Selim, Alfredo J., Rogers, William, Fleishman, John A., Qian, Shirley X., Fincke, Benjamin G., Rothendler, James A., Kazis, Lewis E.. Updated U.S. population standard for the Veterans RAND 12-item Health Survey (VR-12). Quality of Life Research.18, (1), 43-52.2009.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11136-008-9418-2 (DOI)
  • Bruess, Joachim, Bikah, Myriam. Imputation Analysis for HOS Income Data, Phase One: External Imputation. Implementing the HEDIS® Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.Washington, DC: National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA). 2008.
    • ID: http://www.hosonline.org/surveys/hos/HOS_Income_Imputation_Report_Part1_2008.pdf (URL)
  • Harris, Yael. Depression as a risk factor for nursing home admission among older individuals. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association.8, (1), 14-20.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jamda.2006.06.005 (DOI)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Report on teh Health Status of Managed Care Smokers and Nonsmokers. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey, Cohort III Baseline and Follow Up. Final Report.. 2007.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS%20Smoking%20Report%202005.pdf (URL)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Report on teh Health Status of Managed Care Smokers and Nonsmokers: Cohort III Baseline and Follow Up. Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2007.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS%20Smoking%20Report%202005.pdf (URL)
  • Ng, Judy H., Kasper, Judith D., Forrest, Christopher B., Bierman, Arlene S.. Predictors of voluntary disenrollment from Medicare Managed Care. Medical Care.45, (6), 513-520.2007.
    • ID: 10.1097/MLR.0b013e31802f91a5 (DOI)
  • Ng, Judy H., Scholle, Sarah Hudson, Pawlson, L. Gregory, Harman, Jeffrey S., Mardon, Russell E., Bierman, Arlene S.. The Impact of Health Plan Quality on Medicare Beneficiary Outcomes. Technical Report. Implementing the HEDIS® Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.Washington, DC: NCQA. 2007.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Health_Plan_Quality_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Selim, Alfredo J., Iqbal, SHeikh Usman, Rogers, William, Qian, Shirley X., Fincke, Benjamin G., Rothendler, Jim, Kazis, Lewis E.. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey: An Alternative Case-Mix Methodology. Implementing the HEDIS® Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA). 2007.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Case_Mix_Final_Technical_Report.pdf (URL)
  • Selim, Alfredo J., Kazis, Lewis E., Rogers, William, Qian, Shirley X., Rothendler, James A., Spiro, Avron, Ren, Xinhua S., Miller, Donald, Selim, Bernardo J., Fincke, B.G.. Change in health status and mortality as indicators of outcomes: Comparison between the Medicare Advantage Program and the Veterans Health Administration. Quality of Life Research.16, (7), 1179-1191.2007.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11136-007-9216-2 (DOI)
  • Bierman, Arlene S., Ellis, Beth Hartman, Drachman, David. Depressed mood and mental health among elderly Medicare Managed Care enrollees. Health Care Financing Review.27, (4), 123-136.2006.
  • Harris, Yael, Cooper, J.K.. Depressive symptoms in older people predict nursing home admission. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.54, (4), 593-597.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2006.00687.x (DOI)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey: Report on a Longitudinal Assessment of Change in Health Status and the Prediction of Health Utilization, Health Expenditures, and Experiences with Care for Beneficiaries in Medicare Managed Care. Final Report.Task 5.40A, . 2006.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Longitudinal_Utilization_Expenditures.pdf (URL)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. National and State Comparisions of Health Status for Medicare Managed Care and Fee-for-Service Beneficiaries. Task 5.10 Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2006.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Nat_State_Comp_MMCFFS.pdf (URL)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Report on a Longitudinal Assessment of Change in Health status and the Prediction of Health Utilization, Health Expenditures, and Experiences with Care for Beneficiaries in Medicare Managed Care. Task 5.40A Final Report . Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2006.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Longitudinal_Utilization_Expenditures.pdf (URL)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. The Evaluation of a Mental Component Summary Score Threshold for Depression Risk in the Medicare Population. Task 5.20A Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2006.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Evaluation_MCS_Depress.pdf (URL)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. The Relationship between Health Status, Utilization, and Expenditures: Comparison between Medicare Managed Care and Fee-for-Service Beneficiaries. Task 5.30A Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2006.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Health_Status_MMC_FFS.pdf (URL)
  • Mardon, Russell E., Halim, Shaheen, Pawlson, L. Gregory, Haffer, Samuel C.. Management of urinary incontinence in Medicare Managed Care beneficiaries: Results from the 2004 Medicare Health Outcomes Survey. Archives of Internal Medicine.166, (1128), 11332006.
  • Selim, A.J., Berlowitz, D., Fincke, G., Rogers, W., Qian, S., Lee, A., Cong, Z., Selim, B.J., Ren, X.S., Rosen, A.K., Kazis, L.E.. Use of risk-adjusted change in health status to assess the performance of integrated service networks in the Veterans Health Administration. International Journal for Quality in Health Care.18, (1), 43-50.2006.
    • ID: 10.1093/intqhc/mzi080 (DOI)
  • Selim, Alfredo J., Kazis, L.E., Rogers, W., Qian, S., Rothendler, J.A., Lee, A., Ren, X.S., Haffer, S.C., Mardon, R., Miller, D., Spiro, A., Selim, B.J., Fincke, B.G.. Risk-adjusted mortality as an indicator of outcomes: Comparison of the Medicare Advantage Program with the Veterans' Health Administration. Medical Care.44, (4), 359-365.2006.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.mlr.0000204119.27597.f1 (DOI)
  • Grace, Susan C., Shannon, Erin Dowd, Drachman, David, Ellis, Beth Hartman. Multiple cohorts analysis of the Medicare Health Outcomes Survey, 1998-2002. Health Care Financing Review.26, (3), 125-128.2005.
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Multiple Cohorts Analysis: Longitudinal Analysis of SF-36® Summary Scores in the Medicare Health Outcomes Survey. Task 9.10 Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2005.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Multiple_Cohorts_Analysis.pdf (URL)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Report on Enrollment Duration: Cohort I Baseline. Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2005.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS%20Enrollment%20Duration%20Report%202005.pdf (URL)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Report on the Comparison of Seniors in Program of All-inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) and Medicare Advantage Plans: Cohorts II, III, IV and V Baseline. Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2005.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS%20PACE%20Report%202005.pdf (URL)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Report on the Health Status of Disadvantaged Medicare Beneficiaries: Cohorts II and III. Task 9.20 Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2005.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/Disadvantaged_Medicare_Beneficiaries.pdf (URL)
  • Health Services Advisory Group. Report on the Mental Health Status of managed Care Beneficiaries: Cohort I Baseline and Follow Up. Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2005.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS%20Mental%20Health%20Report%202005.pdf (URL)
  • Hope, MaryAnne DePesquo, Shannon, Erin Dowd. A Comparison of Two Procedures to Fit Multi-Level Data: PROC GLM versus PROC MIXED. SUGI 30 Proceedings.Paper 200-30, . 2005.
  • Ko, Yu, Coons, Stephen Joel. An examination of self-reported chronic conditions and health care status in the 2001 Medicare Health Outcomes Survey. Current Medical Research and Opinion.21, (11), 1801-1808.2005.
  • Moriarty, D.G., Kobau, R., Zack, M.M., Zahran, H.S.. Tracking healthy days - a window on the health of older adults. Preventing Chronic Disease.2, (3), 1-8.2005.
  • Trisolini, Michael G., Smith, Kevin W., McCall, Nancy T., Pope, G.C., Klosterman, M.. Evaluating the performance of Medicare fee-for-service providers using the Health Outcomes Survey: A comparison of two methods. Medical Care.43, (7), 699-704.2005.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.mlr.0000167178.86325.b6 (DOI)
  • Welch, W. Pete. Using Claims Data to Identify Medicare+Choice Enrollees at Risk for a Decline in Functional Health Status. . 2005.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_At_Risk_AHRQ_Final_Report_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Bierman, Arlene S.. Coexisting illness and heart disease among elderly Medicare Managed Care enrollees. Health Care Financing Review.25, (4), 105-117.2004.
  • Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey Evaluation. Final Report.. 2004.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Evaluation_Final_Report.pdf (URL)
  • Ellis, Beth Hartman, Shannon, Erin Dowd, Cox, Jacquilyn Kay, Aiken, Leona, Fowler, Brenda M.. Chronic conditions: Results of the Medicare Health Outcomes Survey, 1998-2000. Health Care Financing Review.25, (4), 75-91.2004.
  • Gandek, Barbara, Sinclair, Samuel J., Kosinski, Mark, Ware, John E., Jr.. Psychometric Evaluation of the SF-36 Health Survey in Medicare Managed Care. Health Care Financing Review.25, (4), 5-25.2004.
    • ID: http://www.cms.gov/HealthCareFinancingReview/Downloads/04summerpg5.pdf (URL)
  • Haffer, Samuel C., Bowen, Sonya E.. Measuring and Improving Health Outcomes in Medicare: The Medicare HOS Program. Health Care Financing Review.25, (4), 1-3.2004.
  • Health Services Advisory Group. National Pilot Project on Depression. Task 11.15 Final Report. Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.Phoenix, AZ: Health Services Advisory Group. 2004.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_NationalPilotProject_FinalReport.pdf (URL)
  • Jones, Nathaniel, III, Jones, Stephanie L., Miller, Nancy A.. The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey program: Overview, context, and near-term prospects. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.2, (33), 2004.
    • ID: 10.1186/1477-7525-2-33 (DOI)
  • Kazis, Lewis, Lee, Austin, Spiro, Avron, Rogers, William, Ren, Xinhua, Miller, Donald R., Selim, Alfredo, Hamed, Alaa, Haffer, Samuel C.. Measurement comparisons of the Medical Outcomes Study and Veterans SF-36 Health Survey. Health Care Financing Review.25, (4), 43-58.2004.
  • Kuo, Yong-F., Peek, M. Kristen, Raji, Mukaila A., Goodwin, James S.. Health-related social disengagement in elderly diabetic patients: Association with subsequent disability and survival. Diabetes Care.27, (7), 1630-1637.2004.
    • ID: 10.2337/diacare.27.7.1630 (DOI)
  • Lied, Terry R., Haffer, Samuel C.. Health status of dually eligible beneficiaries in managed care plans. Health Care Financing Review.25, (4), 59-74.2004.
  • McCall, Nancy, Khatutsky, Galina, Smith, Kevin, Pope, Gregory C.. Estimation of Non-Response Bias in the Medicare FFS HOS. Health Care Financing Review.35, (4), 27-41.2004.
  • McDonald, Kathie, Ma, Jifeng, Dulabone, Elaine. Use of HOS data in Florida. Health Care Financing Review.25, (4), 93-104.2004.
  • Rogers, William H., Gandek, Barbara, Sinclair, Samuel J.. Calculating Medicare Health Outcomes Survey Performance Measurement Results. . 2004.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Calculating_PM_Results.pdf (URL)
  • Selim, Alfredo J., Berlowitz, Dan R., Fincke, Graeme, Cong, Zhongxiao, Rogers, William, Haffer, Samuel C., Ren, Xinhua S., Lee, Austin, Qian, Shirley X., Miller, Donald R., Spiro, Avron, Selim, Bernardo J., Kazis, Lewis E.. The health status of elderly veteran enrollees in the Veterans Health Administration. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.52, (8), 1271-1276.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52355.x (DOI)
  • Spiro, Avron, III, Rogers, William H., Qian, Shirley, Kazis, Lewis. http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Calculating_PM_Results.pd. Imputing Physical and Mental Summary Scores (PCS and MCS) for the Veterans SF-12 Health Survey in the Context of Missing Data.. 2004.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Veterans_12_Imputation.pdf (URL)
  • Spiro, Avron, III, Rogers, William H., Qian, Shirley, Kazis, Lewis E.. Imputing Physical and Mental Summary Scores (PCS and MCS) for the Veterans SF-12 Health Survey in the Context of Missing Data. Technical Report.. 2004.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Veterans_12_Imputation.pdf (URL)
  • Arday, David R., Milton, Micah H., Husten, Corinne G., Haffer, Samuel C., Wheeless, Sara C., Jones, Shelton M., Johnson, Ruby E.. Smoking and functional status among Medicare Managed Care enrollees. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.24, (3), 234-241.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0749-3797(02)00643-8 (DOI)
  • Baker, Frank, Haffer, Samuel C., Denniston, Maxine. Health-related quality of life of cancer and noncancer patients in Medicare Managed Care. Cancer.97, (3), 674-681.2003.
    • ID: 10.1002/cncr.11085 (DOI)
  • Derose, S.F., Petitti, D.B.. Measuring quality of care and performance from population health care perspective. Annual Review of Public Health.24, 363-384.2003.
    • ID: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.24.100901.140847 (DOI)
  • Ellis, Beth Hartman, Bannister, Wade M., Cox, Jacquilyn Kay, Fowler, Brenda M., Shannon, Erin Dowd, Drachman, David, Adams, Randall W., Giordano, Laura A.. Utilization of the propensity score method: An exploratory comparison of proxy-completed to self-completed responses in the Medicare Health Outcomes Survey. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.1, (47), 2003.
  • Haffer, Samuel C.. Using multiple survey vendors to collect health outcomes information: How accurate are the data?. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.1, (6), 2003.
  • Haffer, Samuel C., Bowen, Sonya E., Shannon, Erin Dowd, Fowler, Brenda M.. Assessing beneficiary health outcomes and disease management initiatives in Medicare. Disease Management and Health Outcomes.11, (2), 111-124.2003.
  • Health Services Advisory Group, National Committee for Quality Assurance. MCS Outlier Evaluation Study, Cohort I (1998-2000). Medicare Health Outcomes Survey.. 2003.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOSARC_MCSOutlier.pdf (URL)
  • Lied, Terry R., Sheingold, Steven H., Landon, Bruce E., Shaul, James A., Cleary, Paul D.. Beneficiary-reported experience and voluntary disenrollment in Medicare Managed Care. Health Care Financing Review.25, (1), 55-66.2003.
  • Miller, Donald R., Rogers, William H., Spiro, Avron, III, Kazis, Lewis E.. Evaluation of Disease Status based on Patient Self-Report in the Medicare Health Outcomes Survey: Using Linked Data from Surveys and Computerized Medical Data from the Veterans Health Administration. . 2003.
    • ID: http://hosonline.org/surveys/hos/download/HOS_Evaluation_Self-Report_Disease_Status.pdf (URL)
  • Moriarty, David G., Zack, Mathew M., Kobau, Rosemarie. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's healthy days measures – population tracking of perceived physical and mental health over time. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.1, (37), 2003.
  • Schwab, T.C., Leung, K.-M., Gelb, E., Meng, Y.-Y., Cohn, J.. Home- and community-based alternatives to nursing homes: Services and costs to maintain nursing home eligible individuals at home. Journal of Aging and Health.15, 353-370.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/0898264303015002002 (DOI)
  • Cooper, James K., Harris, Yael, McGready, John. Sadness predicts death in older people. Journal of Aging and Health.14, (4), 509-526.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/089826402237181 (DOI)
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Update Metadata: 2016-05-26 | Issue Number: 9 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (2009): Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS), 1998-2014. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR23380