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Welfare Surveys 1978 to 1993 (Cumulated Data Set)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Zapf, Wolfgang (Universität Mannheim)
  • Siara, Christian S. (Universität Mannheim)
  • Glatzer, Wolfgang (Universität Mannheim)
  • Noll, Heinz-Herbert (Universität Mannheim)
  • Habich, Roland (Universität Mannheim)
  • Müller-Andritzky, Maria (Universität Mannheim)
  • Lang, Sabine (Universität Mannheim)
  • Volkert, Marieke (Universität Mannheim)
  • Brachtl, Wolfgang (Universität Mannheim)
  • Gransche, Elisabeth (Universität Mannheim)
  • Glatzer, Wolfgang (Sonderforschungsbereich 3 der Universitäten Frankfurt und Mannheim)
  • Zapf, Wolfgang (Sonderforschungsbereich 3 der Universitäten Frankfurt und Mannheim)
  • Noll, Heinz-Herbert (ZUMA, Mannheim)
  • Spellerberg, Annette (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin)
  • Zentralinstitut für Jugendforschung (ZIJ), Leipzig
Publication Date
  • INFRATEST, Muenchen (Data Collector)
  • Zentralinstitut fuer Jugendforschung (ZIJ), Leipzig (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Leisure, tourism and sport
    • Religion and values
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Family life and marriage
    • Specific social services: use and provision
    • Income, property and investment/saving
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Information technology
    • Housing
  • Abstract

    Actual living conditions and subjectively perceived quality of life of the population. Cumulation of the welfare surveys 1978 to 1993. Topics: 1. Assessment of future prospects: satisfaction with standard of living; pessimistic or optimistic expectations regarding development of selected areas of life; optimistic future expectation. 2. Political attitudes and political participation: personal political influence; interest in politics; satisfaction with possibilities of political activity; conservative or progressive attitude to life; postmaterialism; party preference. 3. Attitudes to social inequality and the welfare state: perceived lines of conflict between social groups; satisfaction with democracy, public safety, environmental protection and the social net; general feeling of happiness; contentment with life in comparison over time with past and future; frequency of personal unemployment and judgement on financial security in case of unemployment. 4. Family and education: understanding with partner and satisfaction with partnership (interviewer rating: presence of partner while answering this question); satisfaction with education; desire for other education; satisfaction with status as housewife and reasons for work as housewife; judgement on the chances of new contacts; disturbance of well-being from differences of opinion in one´s family or quarrel with neighbors, friends or colleagues; importance of selected areas of life for well-being and general contentment with life; importance of occupation, leisure time and family; work asking too much. 5. Attitude to abortion, the child benefit, aid to those wanting to die and health in general: attitude to the child benefit and the legal regulation of abortion; attitude to aid to those wanting to die; health satisfaction (scale); visits to the doctor in recent time; life changes and occupation changes due to illness or disability; use of medication; characterization of psychological and physical situation (scale). 6. Importance classification of areas of life and occupational characteristics: satisfaction with housing (scale); judgement on residence quality and satisfaction with residential area (scale); contentment with life (scale); satisfaction with housekeeping; satisfaction with leisure time; extent of leisure time; satisfaction with personal career; satisfaction with income in comparison over time and comparison with friends as well as average income; assessment of personal job market chances; most important demands of an ideal job and comparison of these criteria with current situation at work; satisfaction with division of work in household; percent division of work in household among respondent, spouse, children and further members of household; perceived burden of respondent from occupation and household as well as assumed burden of spouse; further paid side jobs or further primary occupation; unpaid primary occupation and unpaid side jobs as well as paid casual work and help with neighbors, friends and relatives; paid agricultural activity and honorary activities; experiencing a particularly happy or unfortunate event in life; division and carrying out activities in household as well as repair jobs, renovation work, improvement work by members of household, relatives, neighbors or businesses; assistance from relatives, friends and neighbors. 7. Religiousness and devotion: frequency of church attendance and satisfaction with church. 8. Perceived environmental pollution: perceived environmental pollution from noise, air pollution, shortage of green areas and destruction of countryside; concern about water pollution, harm to the ocean, air pollution, improper elimination of chemical industry wastes and the elimination of radioactive waste; judgement on the purity of tap water.$9. Anomia. 10. Demographic information on person of respondent: questions on the area nationality, length of stay, residence, place of residence, further information on composition of household and children of respondent, self-assessment of social class, short time work, further education, reasons for not being employed, expected improvement in income situation; perceived possibilities to find work; desire for employment; duration of entire employment and after discontinuation of employment; fear of unemployment and change of position; occupational prestige scale; social origins; number of rooms; toilet and bath within residence; central heating; residential status; amount of rent; type of building; living in high-rise; type of city; size of municipality; satisfaction with babies in household; someone in need of nursing care in household; children in home or care facility; other relatives in home or care facility; friends or friendships; frequency of meeting with friends.$11. Data on friends and acquaintances. 12. Memberships in organizations and clubs: union membership; party membership; membership in citizen initiatives, church clubs, sport clubs as well as choral societies; involvement in the club through request to speak. 13. Information on course of interview: place of interview; presence of other persons during interview and their degree of relationship to respondent; intervention of others in interview; interruption of interview; willingness to cooperate and credibility of respondent; start of interview; end of interview.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1978 / 1993
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
All German citizens living in private households 18 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample) In 1990 in the new states selection took place as follows: on the first stage a random selection among the whole of the population eligible to vote from the central resident card file: determination of survey household through an attached random route procedure.
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 12447
    Number of Variables: 442
All those variables were taken into the cumulation that were asked on at least two survey times. Contained are variables from individual surveys of 1978 (ZA Study No. 1141), 1980 (ZA Study No. 1142), 1984 (ZA Study No. 1339), 1988 (ZA Study No.1839), 1990 only new states (ZA Study No. 2121) and 1993 (ZA Study No. 2792). The individual studys still remain available.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2933 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 241 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Zapf, Wolfgang; Siara, Christian S.; Glatzer, Wolfgang; Noll, Heinz-Herbert; Habich, Roland et. al. (1993): Wohlfahrtssurveys 1978 - 1993 (Kumulierter Datensatz). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.