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Simmons Longitudinal Study: Adaptation and Development Across the Lifespan [New England, United States], Age 26 Data, Wave 7, 1998

Resource Type
Dataset : observational data, survey data
  • Reinherz, Helen Z. (Simmons College. School of Social Work)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health
Free Keywords
adult children; attitudes; behavior problems; beliefs; career goals; child rearing; children; demographic characteristics; education; employment; family background; family relationships; friendships; health status; human behavior; income; life satisfaction; mental health; mental health services; parental attitudes; parents; pregnancy; self evaluation; social support; substance abuse; values; young adults
  • Abstract

    The Simmons Longitudinal Study (SLS) is a community-based study that has prospectively traced the life course of a single-aged cohort from childhood (age 5) to adulthood (age 26). Data were collected from multiple informants at seven major time points: age 5 (1977), age 6 (1978), age 9 (1980-1981), age 15 (1987), age 18 (1990), age 21 (1993-1994), and age 26 (1998). Since its inception in 1977, the SLS has utilized a multidisciplinary, multimethod approach, with the dual goals of: (1) tracing the development and course of academic difficulties, behavior problems, and psychopathology; and (2) identifying factors that promote health functioning from early childhood (age 5) to adulthood (age 26). The SLS has consistently emphasized the identification of modifiable social and environmental risk and protective factors that can be targeted directly in prevention and intervention programs. To date, SLS has published 50 journal articles and 9 book chapters. The original study group was comprised of every child who entered kindergarten in the fall of 1977 in one public school district in a northeastern town in the United States. For this wave of the study, Wave 7, respondents were 26 years old in 1998. In addition to diagnostic information, participants reported on their current employment, functioning, and family relationships. In young adulthood, many members of the study group reported satisfaction with their education, careers, and families. For both the respondent and parent/relative interviews, interviewer observations were obtained.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Respondent Questionnaire
    • DS2: Child Observation Data (Parent or Relative Questionnaire)
    • DS3: Individual Questions From the Age 26 DIS-IV
    • DS4: Computed Diagnostic Information From the Age 26 DIS-IV
    • DS5: Computed Scales and Constructed Variables From Respondent Questionnaire and Child Observation Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1998
  • Collection date: 1998
Geographic Coverage
  • New England
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Young adults aged 26 followed prospectively since age 5 when they were screened for entry into one public school system in the northeastern United States.
(1) The original 1977 sample included all youth registering for kindergarten in one public school system in a working class community in Massachusetts. The racial composition and gender division of the original sample were representative of the population of Massachusetts at that time. The sample included approximately equal numbers of males and females, and almost all (98 percent) were Caucasian. For information in regard to "Sample Retention" and "Effects of Sample Attrition," please review the ICPSR codebook available with this collection. (2) A telephone interview was conducted with the Parent/Relative only. If the respondent lived out of the area, a telephone interview was conducted rather than a face-to-face interview.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, self-enumerated questionnaire, telephone interview

    Data for Preschool Data, Wave 1, 1977 (ICPSR 22800), Kindergarten Data, Wave 2, 1978 (ICPSR 24861), Grade 3 Data, Wave 3, 1980-1981 (ICPSR 24862), Grade 9 Data, Wave 4, 1987 (ICPSR 24863), Grade 12 Data, Wave 5, 1990 (ICPSR 24864), and Age 21 Data, Wave 6, 1993-1994 (ICPSR 24865) are also available from ICPSR.

    In 1977, when the study began, participants were all from one school district in the northeastern United States. In later data waves, especially Age 21, Wave 6, 1993-1994 and Age 26, Wave 7, 1998, most respondents resided throughout the United States; a few resided out of the country.

    The original file name as provided by the data producer for Part 1 was AGE26RQ, for Part 2 was AGE26PQ, for Part 3 was A21DIS4, for Part 4 was AGE26DX, and for Part 5 was A26COMP.

    Some instruments administered as part of this study may contain copyrighted instruments. Reproductions of the instruments are provided solely as documentation for the analysis of the data associated with this collection. Please contact the data producer for information on permissions to use the instruments for other purposes. To obtain further information in regard to the measures used for data collection, please refer to the ICPSR codebook for this data wave.

    Additional details about the Simmons Longitudinal Study can be found at the Simmons College School of Social Work Web site.

2016-04-14 The codebook and data collection instrument have been made publicly available. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (2-R01 MH-41569-11).
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 24866 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR24866.v1
  • Connell, Nadine M., Morris, Robert G., Piquero, Alex R.. Predicting bullying: Exploring the contributions of childhood negative life experiences in predicting adolescent bullying behavior. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology.2015.
    • ID: 10.1177/0306624X15573760 (DOI)
  • Diamond, Brie, Morris, Robert G., Piquero, Alex R.. Stability in the underlying constructs of self-control. Crime and Delinquency.2015.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128715603721 (DOI)
  • Paradis, Angela D., Reinherz, Helen Z., Giaconia, Rose M., Fitzmaurice, Garrett. Major depression in the transition to adulthood: The impact of active and past depression on young adult functioning. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.194, (5), 318-323.2006.
    • ID: 10.1097/01.nmd.0000217807.56978.5b (DOI)
  • Reinherz, H.Z., Tanner, J.L., Paradis, A.D., Beardslee, W.R., Szigethy, E.M., Bond, A.E.. Depressive disorders. Child and Adolescent Psychopathology: Theoretical and Clinical Implications.London, England: Brunner-Routledge. 2006.
  • Tanner, J.L.. Recentering during emerging adulthood: A critical turning point in life span human development. Emerging adults in America: Coming of age in the 21st century.Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 2006.
  • Carbonell, Dina M., Reinherz, Helen Z., Beardslee, William R.. Adaptation and coping in childhood and adolescence for those at risk for depression in emerging adulthood. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal.22, (5,6), 395-416.2005.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10560-005-0019-4 (DOI)
  • Giaconia, Rose M., Reinherz, Helen Z., Paradis, Angela D., Stashwick, Cecilia K.. Comorbidity of substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder in adolescents. Trauma and Substance Abuse: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment of Comorbid Disorders.Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 2003.
  • Moorhead, Debra J., Stashwick, Cecilia K., Reinherz, Helen Z., Giaconia, Rose M., Streigel-Moore, Ruth M., Paradis, Angela D.. Child and adolescent predictors for eating disorders in a community population of young adult women. lnternational Journal of Eating Disorders.33, (1), 1-9.2003.
    • ID: 10.1002/eat.10105 (DOI)
  • Reinherz, Helen Z., Paradis, Angela D., Giaconia, Rose M., Stashwick, Cecilia K., Fitzmaurice, Garrett. Childhood and adolescent predictors of major depression in the transition to adulthood. American Journal of Psychiatry.160, (12), 2141-2147.2003.
    • ID: 10.1176/appi.ajp.160.12.2141 (DOI)
  • Carbonell, Dina M., Reinherz, Helen Z., Giaconia, Rose M., Stashwick, Cecilia K., Paradis, Angela D., Beardslee, William R.. Adolescent protective factors promoting resilience in young adults at risk for depression. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal.19, (5), 393-412.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1020274531345 (DOI)
  • Carbonell, Dina M., Reinherz, Helen Z., Giaconia, Rose M.. Risk for depression and resilience in late adolescence. Prevention Researcher.8, (4), 7-9.2001.
  • Moorhead, D.. Early Risk Factors and Current Functioning of Women at Age 26 With Full or Partial Eating Disorders. Unpublished dissertation, Simmons College. 2001.
  • Reinherz, Helen Z., Frost, Abbie K., Pakiz, Bilge. Changing faces: Correlates of depressive symptoms in late adolescence. Family and Community Health.14, (3), 52-63.1991.

Update Metadata: 2016-05-03 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Reinherz, Helen Z. (2010): Simmons Longitudinal Study: Adaptation and Development Across the Lifespan [New England, United States], Age 26 Data, Wave 7, 1998. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.