Environmental Consciousness in Germany 1996

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Dieckmann, Andreas (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Bern)
  • Franzen, Axel (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Bern)
  • Gautschi, Thomas (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Bern)
  • Preisendörfer, Peter (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Rostock)
Publication Date
  • GFM-GETAS, Hamburg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Technology, Energy
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Community, urban and rural life
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Transport, travel and mobility
    • Natural resources and energy
    • Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
    • Consumption/consumer behaviour
  • Abstract

    Environmental consciousness and conduct in environmentally relevant areas. Topics: Classification of significance of political problems such as unemployment, housing supply, preservation of the welfare state, combating crime, foreigner questions, environmental protection and competitive ability of the economy (scale); importance of environmental protection measures in the areas climate protection, noise reduction, air pollution, trash, energy, pollution of inshore waters, soil protection, preservation of species in the plant world (scale); postmaterialism; judgement on personal impact of noise, exhaust, bad air and trash scattered about; traffic load of residential street of respondent; perceived noise pollution in the evening; view of green areas and personally having a yard; characterization of location of residence as well as neighborhood regarding noise; satisfaction with the environment situation in residential area; global assessment of environmental conditions (scale); environmental protection versus scientific growth; attitude to science and technology (scale); preservation of ecological value and environmental consciousness (scale). Environment-conscious shopping behavior: paying attention to environment compatibility of products when shopping; orientation on labels of environmentally compatible products; knowledge and paying attention to the ´Blue Angel´; willingness to pay more for environmentally conscious and environmentally compatible products; environmentally conscious purchase behavior, e.g. in purchase of beverages in returnable bottles; leaving packaging in stores as well as changes in environmental habits in recent time; purchase of seasonal and regional fruit and vegetables; fashion, price or longevity as criteria in purchase of clothing; fashion orientation; attitude to food treated by gene-technology; judgement on statements about products harmful to the environment, purchase of canned food und the general lack of care in dealing with environmental problems; necessity of behavioral changes regarding shopping oriented to environmental protection; attitude to purchase of products from controlled biological cultivation. Waste management: frequency of separating trash into individual recyclable categories; frequency of not separating; possession of a bio-trashcan or personally composting; hazardous waste collection point in near vicinity; distance to next waste paper as well as glass recycling depository; communal trashcan or one´s own trashcan; manner of participation of household in dual system with the Green Dot; attitude to extent of general trash production, recycling and environmentally friendly removal of residual waste (scale). Energy and water consumption: use of energy conservation lamps; energy-conscious turning off light as well as television sets; water conservation facility in household; water conservation lever on the toilet; paying water costs dependent on use or at a fixed price; manner of action in airing rooms in the winter; type of heating; turning off heat when leaving residence for several hours; reasons speaking against this; use of automatic lowering of heat at night and possible reasons against this; fixed charge for heating for residence; energy and water conservation habits in use of washing machine; observing degree of water hardness in use of detergent; use of a dryer; attitude to energy conservation (scale). Traffic and car: possession and number of bicycles, mopeds, motorcycles and cars; environmental protection as reason for not owning a car; frequency of use of car in days as well as according to kilometers driven; proportion of trips due to occupation; frequency of excursions on weekends and preferred means of transport; driving with the car without a destination ´just for the fun of it´; means of transport used on last vacation; possession of a Bahncard {train card}; use of various means of transport in household shopping and on the way to work; distance to work as well as shopping place; use of carpools on the way to work; commuting time to work; possibility to use public transportation on the way to work and commuting time; selection of another means of transport given hypothetical doubling of the price of gasoline; attitude to statements about car and traffic, such as e.g. change of driving style to reduce use of gasoline, habitual use of car, too slight use of OEPNV {local public passenger transport}, reduction of car use for environmental protection reasons and use of carpools (scale); membership in an environmental protection organization and function taken on; political participation in environmental questions; frequency of discussions about environmental protection; assumed attitude of social surroundings to a personal involvement in an environmental protection group; importance of selected fields of action for environmental protection; attitude to stronger surveillance of observance of environmental protection laws; tax increases to finance improved environmental protection; highest accepted price for gasoline; satisfaction with performance of the Federal Environment Office (scale); attitude to a speed limit on freeways; preferred maximum speed limit; agreement with centers of town free of cars, expansion of pedestrian zones and increase in parking fees in large cities; approval of restricted traffic areas and 30kmh speed zones in purely residential areas; attitude to expansion of the OEPNV {local public passenger transport}, network of bicycle paths, increasing the cost of driving a car and transferring freight transport to rail transport; attitude to significant increase in garbage collection fees, construction of garbage incinerating plants, establishing garbage disposal sites and stricter legal requirements for the production of products; judgement on the latest progress in environment compatibility of packaging, purity of inshore waters, air cleanliness, ground protection, climate protection and energy conservation; assessment of the danger of gene technology and judgement on adequate protection functions of the government; knowledge about the so-called ecological tax reform; preference for step-wise or rapid conversion to such tax reform; environmental protection and job creation; knowledge about the term sustainable development; judgement on environmental conditions in the new as well as in the old states; trust in the ability of parties, environmental protection authorities, initiatives as well as trade unions and industry regarding environmental protection. Environment knowledge: estimate of the average water consumption of a citizen per day, the proportion of electricity from nuclear power plants and knowledge about the electricity price per kilowatt hour; household appliances with the highest energy consumption; the gas responsible for the greenhouse effect; danger from high ozone values in soil or in the earth´s atmosphere; knowledge of native animals and plants that are on the so-called ´red list´; knowledge about the {female} federal environment minister. Demography: sex; month and year of birth; school education; vocational training certificate; employment; hours worked each week; occupational position; fear of unemployment; personal unemployment in the last few years; self-classification of social class and on a left-right continuum; interest in politics; party preference (Sunday question); marital status; living together with a partner; number of children; information on sex, age and degree of relationship of persons living in household; income of respondent and household income; residential status; characterization of residential area; year of construction of building; number of households in residential building; classification of contact with neighbors; religious denomination; religiousness; size of city in which respondent grew up; origins from the GDR; length of residence; possession of a telephone; possession of telephone answering device. Interviewer rating: characterization of residential building and residential area; weekday of interview; presence of third persons during interview and their degree of relationship to respondent; intervention of other persons in interview; willingness to cooperate and reliability of respondent. Also encoded were: date of interview; number of interviews in sample point; number of contact attempts by telephone and in person; age of interviewer; education level of interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1996-01 / 1996-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German citizens between the ages of 18 years and residence in Germany
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample)
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2307
    Number of Variables: 388
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2964 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Preisendörfer, Peter: Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland: Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Bevölkerungsumfrage 1996. Bonn: Bundesumweltministerium 1996.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter: Umwelteinstellungen und Umweltverhalten in Deutschland: Empirische Befunde und Analysen auf der Grundlage der Bevölkerungsumfragen "Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland 1991-1998". Hrg. vom Umweltbundesamt. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 1999.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter: Environmental Concern and Behavior: A Comparison Between Germany East and West. In: Kaufmann-Hayoz, Ruth (Hrsg.): Bedingungen umweltverantwortlichen Handelns von Individuen, S. 127-134. Bern: Ruedi Druck 1996.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter; Franzen, Axel: Der schöne Schein des Umweltbewußtseins. In: Dieckmann, Andreas; Jaeger, Carlo C. (Hrsg.): Umweltsoziologie, S. 219-244. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1996.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter; Wächter-Scholz, Franziska: Umweltbewußtsein und Umweltverhalten: Sozialwissenschaftlicher Ergebnisbericht zur Umfrage "Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland 1996". Berlin: Umweltbundesamt 1997.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter; Wächter-Scholz, Franziska; Franzen, Axel; Diekmann, Andreas; Schad, Helmut; Rommerskirchen, Stefan: Umweltbewußtsein und Verkehrsmittelwahl. In: Mensch und Sicherheit, Heft M 113, 1999. Bremerhaven: Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft 1999. (Berichte der Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 244 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22