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Environmental Consciousness in Germany 1996

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Dieckmann, Andreas (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Bern)
  • Franzen, Axel (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Bern)
  • Gautschi, Thomas (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Bern)
  • Preisendörfer, Peter (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Rostock)
Publication Date
1998
Contributor
  • GFM-GETAS, Hamburg (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Technology, Energy
Description
  • Abstract

    Environmental consciousness and conduct in environmentally relevant areas. Topics: Classification of significance of political problems such as unemployment, housing supply, preservation of the welfare state, combating crime, foreigner questions, environmental protection and competitive ability of the economy (scale); importance of environmental protection measures in the areas climate protection, noise reduction, air pollution, trash, energy, pollution of inshore waters, soil protection, preservation of species in the plant world (scale); postmaterialism; judgement on personal impact of noise, exhaust, bad air and trash scattered about; traffic load of residential street of respondent; perceived noise pollution in the evening; view of green areas and personally having a yard; characterization of location of residence as well as neighborhood regarding noise; satisfaction with the environment situation in residential area; global assessment of environmental conditions (scale); environmental protection versus scientific growth; attitude to science and technology (scale); preservation of ecological value and environmental consciousness (scale). Environment-conscious shopping behavior: paying attention to environment compatibility of products when shopping; orientation on labels of environmentally compatible products; knowledge and paying attention to the ´Blue Angel´; willingness to pay more for environmentally conscious and environmentally compatible products; environmentally conscious purchase behavior, e.g. in purchase of beverages in returnable bottles; leaving packaging in stores as well as changes in environmental habits in recent time; purchase of seasonal and regional fruit and vegetables; fashion, price or longevity as criteria in purchase of clothing; fashion orientation; attitude to food treated by gene-technology; judgement on statements about products harmful to the environment, purchase of canned food und the general lack of care in dealing with environmental problems; necessity of behavioral changes regarding shopping oriented to environmental protection; attitude to purchase of products from controlled biological cultivation. Waste management: frequency of separating trash into individual recyclable categories; frequency of not separating; possession of a bio-trashcan or personally composting; hazardous waste collection point in near vicinity; distance to next waste paper as well as glass recycling depository; communal trashcan or one´s own trashcan; manner of participation of household in dual system with the Green Dot; attitude to extent of general trash production, recycling and environmentally friendly removal of residual waste (scale). Energy and water consumption: use of energy conservation lamps; energy-conscious turning off light as well as television sets; water conservation facility in household; water conservation lever on the toilet; paying water costs dependent on use or at a fixed price; manner of action in airing rooms in the winter; type of heating; turning off heat when leaving residence for several hours; reasons speaking against this; use of automatic lowering of heat at night and possible reasons against this; fixed charge for heating for residence; energy and water conservation habits in use of washing machine; observing degree of water hardness in use of detergent; use of a dryer; attitude to energy conservation (scale). Traffic and car: possession and number of bicycles, mopeds, motorcycles and cars; environmental protection as reason for not owning a car; frequency of use of car in days as well as according to kilometers driven; proportion of trips due to occupation; frequency of excursions on weekends and preferred means of transport; driving with the car without a destination ´just for the fun of it´; means of transport used on last vacation; possession of a Bahncard {train card}; use of various means of transport in household shopping and on the way to work; distance to work as well as shopping place; use of carpools on the way to work; commuting time to work; possibility to use public transportation on the way to work and commuting time; selection of another means of transport given hypothetical doubling of the price of gasoline; attitude to statements about car and traffic, such as e.g. change of driving style to reduce use of gasoline, habitual use of car, too slight use of OEPNV {local public passenger transport}, reduction of car use for environmental protection reasons and use of carpools (scale); membership in an environmental protection organization and function taken on; political participation in environmental questions; frequency of discussions about environmental protection; assumed attitude of social surroundings to a personal involvement in an environmental protection group; importance of selected fields of action for environmental protection; attitude to stronger surveillance of observance of environmental protection laws; tax increases to finance improved environmental protection; highest accepted price for gasoline; satisfaction with performance of the Federal Environment Office (scale); attitude to a speed limit on freeways; preferred maximum speed limit; agreement with centers of town free of cars, expansion of pedestrian zones and increase in parking fees in large cities; approval of restricted traffic areas and 30kmh speed zones in purely residential areas; attitude to expansion of the OEPNV {local public passenger transport}, network of bicycle paths, increasing the cost of driving a car and transferring freight transport to rail transport; attitude to significant increase in garbage collection fees, construction of garbage incinerating plants, establishing garbage disposal sites and stricter legal requirements for the production of products; judgement on the latest progress in environment compatibility of packaging, purity of inshore waters, air cleanliness, ground protection, climate protection and energy conservation; assessment of the danger of gene technology and judgement on adequate protection functions of the government; knowledge about the so-called ecological tax reform; preference for step-wise or rapid conversion to such tax reform; environmental protection and job creation; knowledge about the term sustainable development; judgement on environmental conditions in the new as well as in the old states; trust in the ability of parties, environmental protection authorities, initiatives as well as trade unions and industry regarding environmental protection. Environment knowledge: estimate of the average water consumption of a citizen per day, the proportion of electricity from nuclear power plants and knowledge about the electricity price per kilowatt hour; household appliances with the highest energy consumption; the gas responsible for the greenhouse effect; danger from high ozone values in soil or in the earth´s atmosphere; knowledge of native animals and plants that are on the so-called ´red list´; knowledge about the {female} federal environment minister. Demography: sex; month and year of birth; school education; vocational training certificate; employment; hours worked each week; occupational position; fear of unemployment; personal unemployment in the last few years; self-classification of social class and on a left-right continuum; interest in politics; party preference (Sunday question); marital status; living together with a partner; number of children; information on sex, age and degree of relationship of persons living in household; income of respondent and household income; residential status; characterization of residential area; year of construction of building; number of households in residential building; classification of contact with neighbors; religious denomination; religiousness; size of city in which respondent grew up; origins from the GDR; length of residence; possession of a telephone; possession of telephone answering device. Interviewer rating: characterization of residential building and residential area; weekday of interview; presence of third persons during interview and their degree of relationship to respondent; intervention of other persons in interview; willingness to cooperate and reliability of respondent. Also encoded were: date of interview; number of interviews in sample point; number of contact attempts by telephone and in person; age of interviewer; education level of interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1996-01 / 1996-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German citizens between the ages of 18 years and residence in Germany
Sampling
Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample)
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2307
    Number of Variables: 388
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2964 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Preisendörfer, Peter: Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland: Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Bevölkerungsumfrage 1996. Bonn: Bundesumweltministerium 1996.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter: Umwelteinstellungen und Umweltverhalten in Deutschland: Empirische Befunde und Analysen auf der Grundlage der Bevölkerungsumfragen "Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland 1991-1998". Hrg. vom Umweltbundesamt. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 1999.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter: Environmental Concern and Behavior: A Comparison Between Germany East and West. In: Kaufmann-Hayoz, Ruth (Hrsg.): Bedingungen umweltverantwortlichen Handelns von Individuen, S. 127-134. Bern: Ruedi Druck 1996.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter; Franzen, Axel: Der schöne Schein des Umweltbewußtseins. In: Dieckmann, Andreas; Jaeger, Carlo C. (Hrsg.): Umweltsoziologie, S. 219-244. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1996.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter; Wächter-Scholz, Franziska: Umweltbewußtsein und Umweltverhalten: Sozialwissenschaftlicher Ergebnisbericht zur Umfrage "Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland 1996". Berlin: Umweltbundesamt 1997.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter; Wächter-Scholz, Franziska; Franzen, Axel; Diekmann, Andreas; Schad, Helmut; Rommerskirchen, Stefan: Umweltbewußtsein und Verkehrsmittelwahl. In: Mensch und Sicherheit, Heft M 113, 1999. Bremerhaven: Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft 1999. (Berichte der Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen)

Update Metadata: 2017-12-28 | Issue Number: 232 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Dieckmann, Andreas; Franzen, Axel; Gautschi, Thomas; Preisendörfer, Peter (1998): Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland 1996. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.2964