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Historical Demographic Data of Southeastern Europe: Orasac, 1824-1975

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, census/enumeration data
  • Halpern, Joel (University of Massachusetts-Amherst. Department of Anthropology)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • Wenner-Gren Foundation
  • International Research and Exchanges Board
  • Austrian Science Fund
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • University of Massachusetts-Amherst
  • University of California
Free Keywords
agricultural census; birth records; census data; censuses; death records; demographic characteristics; demography; education; employment; families; family relationships; family size; gender; household composition; household income; households; income tax; land ownership; landowners; livestock inventories; marriage; occupations; population characteristics; population migration; tax records; vital statistics
  • Abstract

    The data in the Historical Demographic Data of Southeastern Europe series derive primarily from the ethnographic and archival research of Joel M. Halpern, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, in southeastern Europe from 1953 to 2006. The series is comprised of historical demographic data from several towns and villages in the countries of Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia, all of which are former constituent republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The data provide insight into the shift from agricultural to industrial production, as well as the more general processes of urbanization occurring in the last days of the Yugoslav state. With an expansive timeframe ranging from 1818 to 2006, the series also contains a wide cross-section of demographic data types. These include, but are not limited to, population censuses, tax records, agricultural and landholding data, birth records, death records, marriage and engagement records, and migration information. This component of the series focuses exclusively on the Serbian village of Orasac and is composed of 64 datasets. These data record a variety of demographic and economic information between the years of 1824 and 1975. General population information at the individual level is available in official census records from 1863, 1884, 1948, 1953, and 1961, and from population register records for the years of 1928, 1966, and 1975. Census data at the household level is also available for the years of 1863, 1928, 1948, 1953, and 1961. These data are followed by detailed records of engagement and marriage. Many of these data were obtained through the courtesy of village and county officials. Priest book records from 1851 through 1966, as well as death records from 1863 to 1976 and tombstone records from 1975, are also available. Information regarding migrants and emigrants was obtained from the village council for the years of 1946 through 1975. Lastly, the data provide economic and financial information, including records of individual landholdings (for the years of 1863, 1952, 1966, and 1975), records of government taxation at the individual or household level (for 1813 through 1840, as well as for 1952), and livestock censuses (at both the individual and household level for the years of 1824 and 1825, and only at the individual level for the years of 1833 and 1834).
  • Abstract

    The demographic data collected from the Serbian village of Orasac serve as a micro-study to explore how changes in this village relate to the larger processes of social change occurring in southeast Europe from the early 19th century through the mid 20th century.
  • Abstract

    The data in this study were collected between 1953 and 1990 through extensive ethnographic and archival fieldwork conducted by Joel M. Halpern.
  • Abstract

    Population census data contain variables that record basic demographic information. These include the respondent's relationship to the head of his or her household, sex, date of birth, marital status, occupation, levels of education and literacy, and original place of birth. Birth, death, marriage, and migration data contain variables that record the date of the corresponding event, as well as relevant demographic information similar in scope to the census data. Migration data include place of origin and year of arrival to Orasac. Some landholdings data from the nineteenth century include variables that record ownership in hectares and acres of different types of land, such as fields, meadows, and vineyards. Other data do not disaggregate the type of landholdings and instead record longitudinal changes in individual land ownership over time. All landholdings data include basic demographic information (such as relationship to household head), as well as government tax assessments of total individual landholdings. Tax data measure the level at which an individual is liable for taxation, in other words, whether an individual is taxable, not taxable, or half taxable. The 1952 tax census offers more detailed information about specific monetary amounts owed as tax, as well as demographic information about the number of dependents in a household and the number of people fit to work. Livestock census data from the nineteenth century record the number of specific types of livestock per household as well as the amount of tax levied on these livestock. Finally, the crop tax census and wine tax record provide information on the degree of taxation levied on these agricultural commodities.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Census, 1863
    • DS2: Census, 1884
    • DS3: Census, 1948
    • DS4: Census, 1953
    • DS5: Census, 1961 (Version A)
    • DS6: Census, 1961 (Version B)
    • DS7: Citizenship Book, Card 1, 1966
    • DS8: Citizenship Book, Card 2, 1966
    • DS9: Registrar Records, 1953-1954
    • DS10: Census Data by Household, 1863
    • DS11: Census Data by Household, 1928
    • DS12: Census Data by Household, 1948
    • DS13: Census Data by Household, 1953
    • DS14: Census Data by Household, 1961
    • DS15: Birth Records, 1863-1900
    • DS16: Birth Records with Kum, 1863-1975
    • DS17: Child and Parent Names, 1874-1975
    • DS18: Death Records, 1863-1900
    • DS19: Death Records, 1863-1976
    • DS20: Death Records, 1966
    • DS21: Cemetery/Tombstone Records, 1975
    • DS22: Childhood Deaths, 1863-1975
    • DS23: Marriage Records, 1870-1900
    • DS24: Marriage Records, 1870-1975 (Version A)
    • DS25: Marriage Records, 1870-1975 (Version B)
    • DS26: Age at Marriage, 1878-1978
    • DS27: Engagements, 1907-1975
    • DS28: Priest Book's Records, 1851-1966
    • DS29: Demographic Abstract from 1863 Census
    • DS30: Pensioners, 1952
    • DS31: Migrants, 1946-1975
    • DS32: Emigrants, 1946-1975
    • DS33: Household Heads, 1946
    • DS34: Household Listing, 1952
    • DS35: Landholdings, 1863
    • DS36: Landholdings, 1952
    • DS37: Landholdings, 1966
    • DS38: Landholdings, 1975
    • DS39: Tax Data, 1830
    • DS40: Tax Data, 1830-1831
    • DS41: Tax Data, 1831 (Version B)
    • DS42: Head Tax, 1831, Extended
    • DS43: Tax Data, 1832-1833
    • DS44: Head Tax, 1833, Extended
    • DS45: Tax Data, 1836
    • DS46: Tax Data, 1837
    • DS47: Tax Data, 1839
    • DS48: Head Tax, 1830-1840 Household Data
    • DS49: Head Tax, 1830-1840 Individual Data
    • DS50: Tax Census, 1952
    • DS51: Income List, 1966
    • DS52: Livestock Census, 1824, Extended
    • DS53: Livestock Census, 1825, Extended
    • DS54: Livestock Census, 1833, Extended
    • DS55: Livestock Census, 1834, Extended
    • DS56: Livestock Census Data by Household, 1824
    • DS57: Livestock Census Data by Household, 1825
    • DS58: Crop Tax, circa 1948-1953
    • DS59: Wine Tax, 1952
    • DS60: Agricultural Census, 1960
    • DS61: Population Register, 1928
    • DS62: Population Register, 1966, Card 1
    • DS63: Population Register, 1966, Card 2
    • DS64: Population Register, 1975
Temporal Coverage
  • 1824 / 1975
    Time period: 1824--1975
  • 1953 / 1990
    Collection date: 1953--1990
Geographic Coverage
  • Europe
  • Global
  • Orasac
  • Serbia
Sampled Universe
All residents in the Serbian village of Orasac between the years of 1824 and 1975. Smallest Geographic Unit: village
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts, coded on-site observation

    These data were collected over a period of about forty years through the ethnographic and archival field work of Joel M. Halpern in Southeastern Europe. Many datasets were compiled from Serbian state archives or through the courtesy of local officials in Orasac. Some of these data were collected and recorded by hand. These data have since been digitized and processed; nevertheless, some variables in some datasets contain miscodes, out of range values, missing value labels, and various other artifacts of the digitization process. ICPSR has worked to address these issues and record them in processing notes included in the ICPSR codebooks for each part.

    Users should be aware that these data are but a component of the Historical Demographic Data of Southeastern Europe series. The other parts of the collection will be processed and released in the future.

    Users should be aware that, in addition to the funding agencies included in the "Grants" section of this study description, Dr. Halpern's research in Southeastern Europe has also been funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (1968-1970), the American Council of Learned Societies (1972; 1984), the Center for a Voluntary Society (1974), and the American Philosophical Society (1978).

    Users should note that some parts of this data collection are restricted from general dissemination; for more information, please consult the Restrictions Note.

One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 32404 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Halpern, Joel (2013): Historical Demographic Data of Southeastern Europe: Orasac, 1824-1975. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.