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High School Exit Examinations (HSEE), 1977-2007 [United States]

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, census/enumeration data
  • Warren, John Robert (University of Minnesota)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
educational assessment; educational testing; high school graduates; high school students
  • Abstract

    Research on the correlates and consequences of state high school exit examinations (HSEEs) requires annual state-level data. This dataset contains information on every year in which a state mandated HSEEs as part of their general graduation requirements. Archival data on each states' HSEE policy was collected in order to (1) test hypotheses about the factors that have lead to the diffusion of state HSEEs over time and across states, and (2) test hypotheses about the impact of state HSEEs on student academic achievement and high school graduation rates. These variables were derived from a variety of primary source materials, including public records, legal archival resources, newspaper reports, and communications with officials in state education agencies. In order to make these materials available to future users, a separate linked data file was created that (1) provides a full bibliographic reference for each piece of source material, (2) gives the three-digit unique identifier that is associated with it, and (3) provides the name of the file that houses the actual document. The data describe not only which graduating classes in which states faced these requirements, but also the level of difficulty of the HSEEs. The data cover graduating classes between the years 1977 and 2007. For data on more recent graduating classes, please see the annual reports on HSEEs issued by the Center on Education Policy.
  • Abstract

    Collect annual state-level data on which graduating classes in which states faced HSEEs as part of general graduation requirements.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: High School Exit Examinations Main data file
    • DS2: High School Exit Examinations Link data sources file
Temporal Coverage
  • 1977 / 2007
    Time period: 1977--2007
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All state-years between 1977 and 2007. Smallest Geographic Unit: state
Collection Mode
  • The following years are included in the data, but have few cases: 1976, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

2012-12-21 Document covers have been updated. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (0452941).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 32661 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR32661.v1
  • Hanushek, E.A., Warren, J.R., Grodsky, E.. Evidence, methodology, test-based accountability, and educational policy: A scholarly exchange between Dr. Eric A. Hanushek and Drs. John Robert Warren and Eric Grodsky. Educational Policy.26, (3), 351-368.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0895904812447892 (DOI)
  • Grodsky, E., Warren, J.R., Kalogrides, D.. State high school exit examinations and NAEP long-term trends in reading and mathematics, 1971-2004. Educational Policy.23, (4), 589-614.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0895904808320678 (DOI)
  • Warren, John Robert, Halpern-Manners, Andrew. Measuring high school graduation rates at the state level: What difference does methodology make? . Sociological Methods and Research.38, (1), 3-37.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124109339374 (DOI)
  • Grodsky, Eric, Warren, John R., Felts, Erika. Testing and social stratification in American education. Annual Review of Sociology.34, 385-404.2008.
    • ID: 10.1146/annurev.soc.34.040507.134711 (DOI)
  • Warren, John Robert, Grodsky, Eric, Lee, Jennifer C.. State high school exit examinations and postsecondary labor market outcomes. Sociology of Education.81, 77-107.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/003804070808100104 (DOI)
  • Warren, John Robert, Kulick, Rachael B.. Modeling states' enactment of high school exit examination policies. Social Forces.86, (1), 215-229.2007.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2007.0114 (DOI)
  • Warren, John Robert, Jenkins, Krista N., Kulick, Rachael B.. High school exit examinations and state-level completion and GED Rates, 1975 through 2002. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.28, (2), 131-152.2006.
    • ID: 10.3102/01623737028002131 (DOI)
  • Warren, J.R., Edwards, M.R.. High school exit examinations and high school completion: Evidence from the early 1990s. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.27, (1), 53-74.2005.
    • ID: 10.3102/01623737027001053 (DOI)
  • Warren, J.R., Jenkins, K.N.. High school exit examinations and high school dropout in Texas and Florida, 1971-2000. Sociology of Education.78, (2), 122-143.2005.
  • Warren, John R.. State-level high school completion rates: Concepts, measures, and trends. Education Policy Analysis Archives.13, (51), 1-34.2005.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Warren, John Robert (2011): High School Exit Examinations (HSEE), 1977-2007 [United States]. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.