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Helping Young Smokers Quit: Identifying Best Practices for Tobacco Cessation, Phase II National Program Evaluation, 2003-2006

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data, survey data
Creator
  • Mermelstein, Robin J. (University of Illinois at Chicago. Institute for Health Research and Policy)
  • Curry, Susan J. (University of Iowa. College of Public Health)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2012-04-04
Funding Reference
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Cancer Institute
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Language
English
Free Keywords
addiction; adolescents; smoking; smoking cessation; tobacco products; tobacco use; youths
Description
  • Abstract

    The Helping Young Smokers Quit (HYSQ) initiative was a multi-phase project that addressed the critical need to disseminate effective, developmentally appropriate cessation programs for young smokers. Phase I identified and described tobacco treatment programs available for youth in the United States, Phase II evaluated smoking secession programs tailored for youth to help understand what works, and Phase III identified factors associated with program sustainability. Phase II collected data from five sources: (1) program participants, (2) program providers, (3) program curricula, (4) organizational leaders, and (5) community leaders and community ordinances. Program participants were interviewed at baseline, end-of program, 6-month follow-up, and 12-month follow-up. Topics covered by the interviews include age, gender, race, Hispanic origin, language spoken at home, employment, income, religiosity, school enrollment, education level, school grades, height, weight, extracurricular activities, recreation, sports, exercise, aspirations after high school, psychological well-being, alcohol consumption, cigarette use and use of other tobacco products, attitudes about smoking, plans to stop/continue smoking, attempts to quit smoking, reasons for participating in the program, topics/issues covered by the program, opinions about the program, and smoking experience since the beginning of the program. In addition, for each follow-up survey, the participants provided a breath sample for carbon monoxide analysis to validate self-reported quit status. After the last session of each program delivery, the program providers, such as program leaders and cessation counselors, were interviewed about the content and delivery of the program and the reactions of the participants and themselves to the program as delivered. The program providers also kept attendance records. Curriculum content was abstracted from program manuals and other materials used in each program. Organizational leaders of the organizations that offered the programs were surveyed about various aspects of each organization, including the organization's smoking cessation program and the organization's mission, general operations, and smoking-related policies and practices. Community-level information was collected in two ways: (1) interviews of community leaders representing local health departments, school boards, and juvenile justice offices, and (2) archival research of public ordinances relevant to tobacco and control policies. Nine data files/datasets constitute the data. Datasets 1-4 contain the participant questionnaire data, carbon monoxide measurement data, and program attendance data. Dataset 5 comprises information about each program and its curriculum, some information about the community in which the program was located, and summary data about enforcement of tobacco-related ordinances. Dataset 6 contains information about about the program providers and each program delivery, including recruitment, logistics, content, and the reactions of providers and participants. Dataset 7 covers administrative aspects of the smoking cessation programs and each offering organization's mission, general operations, and smoking-related policies and norms. Dataset 8 contains information about local and state-level tobacco-related ordinances for every state and local jurisdiction where each program was located, and Dataset 9 condenses the information in Dataset 8 into one summary record for each community. The unit of observation for Datasets 1-4 is the participant, for Datasets 5 and 7 the smoking cessation program/offering organization, for Dataset 6 the program delivery/program cohort, for Dataset 8 the ordinance, and for Dataset 9 the community.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Participant Baseline
    • DS2: Participant End of Program
    • DS3: Participant 6-Month Follow-Up
    • DS4: Participant 12-Month Follow-Up
    • DS5: Program File
    • DS6: Provider
    • DS7: Organization
    • DS8: Full Ordinance
    • DS9: Ordinance Summary
Temporal Coverage
  • 2003 / 2006
    Time period: 2003--2006
  • 2003 / 2006
    Collection date: 2003--2006
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Illinois
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Nevada
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin
Sampled Universe
Youth tobacco cessation programs in the United States.
Sampling
Phase II selected a purposive sample of 41 youth smoking cessation programs with characteristics hypothesized to be associated with desirable smoking cessation outcomes, offered in diverse locations and to diverse groups of youths, and employing a variety of standard youth smoking cessation curriculum packages. The programs were located in 55 communities in 18 states. Some of the programs offered their cessation services several times during the Phase II data collection period, each time to a different group of participants. HYSQ defined each such group as a cohort. Each cohort went through the four rounds of data collection on its own individual time cycle, based on the start date of the cessation treatment. There were 79 cohorts in the 41 participating programs, ranging from 1 to 5 cohorts per program.
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts, self-enumerated questionnaire, on-site questionnaire, telephone interview

    Additional information about this project is available on the HYSQ Web site.

    ICPSR did not receive the Phase I or Phase III data.

    All of the data files except Dataset 8 can be merged with each other by matching on common identification variables.

Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 33161 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR33161.v1
Publications
  • Curry, Susan J., Mermelstein, Robin J., Emery, Sherry L., Sporer, Amy K., Berbaum, Michael L., Campbell, Richard T., Flay, Brian, Warnecke, Richard B.. A National Evaluation of Community-Based Youth Cessation Programs: End of Program and Twelve-Month Outcomes. American Journal of Community Psychology.51, (1-2), 15-29.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10464-012-9496-8 (DOI)
  • Houser-Marko, Linda, Curry, Susan J., Mermelstein, Robin J., Emery, Sherry, Pugach, Oksana. A comparison of mandated versus volunteer adolescent participants in youth tobacco cessation programs. Addictive Behaviors.36, (9), 937-940.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.04.004 (DOI)
  • Curry, Susan J., Mermelstein, Robin J., Sporer, Amy K., Emery, Sherry L., Berbaum, Michael L., Campbell, Richard T., Carusi, Charles, Flay, Brian, Taylor, Kristie, Warnecke, Richard B.. A national evaluation of community-based youth cessation programs: Design and implementation. Evaluation Review.34, (6), 487-512.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0193841X10391970 (DOI)
  • Curry, Susan J., Emery, Sherry L., Mermelstein, Robin J., Sporer, Amy K., Lee, Julia, Segawa, Eisuke, Pugach, Oksana, Berbaum, Michael. Multi-level predictors of successful quitting behavior among adolescents in community-based smoking cessation programs. 2009 Annual Meeting of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.Dublin, Ireland. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.helpingyoungsmokersquit.org/media/file/SRNT_09_PhaseII_MultilevelPredictors.pdf (URL)
  • Houser-Marko, Linda, Emery, Sherry L., Curry, Susan J., Mermelstein, Robin, Pugach, Oksana. Required vs. Volunteered: Differences between Adolescent Participants in Smoking Cessation Programs [poster]. American Academy of Health Behavior 9th Annual Scientific Meeting.Hilton Head, SC. 2009.
  • Houser-Marko, Linda, Mermelstein, Robin, Curry, Susan J., Pugach, Oksana. Adolescent Smokers' Self-Labels as Indicators of Motivation to Quit. Society of Behavioral Medicine 30th Annual Meeting.Montreal, Quebec, Can. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.helpingyoungsmokersquit.org/media/file/SBM_09_PhaseII_IndicatorsofMotivation.pdf (URL)
  • Tang, Zhiqun, Orwin, Robert, Taylor, Kristie, Carusi, Charles, Curry, Susan J., Emery, Sherry L., Sporer, Amy K.. Program attendance in 41 youth smoking cessation programs in the U.S. . National Conference on Tobacco or Health.Phoenix, AZ. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.helpingyoungsmokersquit.org/media/file/NCTOH_09_PhaseII_ProgramAttendance.pdf (URL)
  • Taylor, Kristie, Flanagan, Sean, Tang, Zhiqun, Orwin, Robert, Curry, Susan J., Emery, Sherry, Sporer, Amy. Program Fidelity in Diverse Youth Smoking Cessation Programs in the United States [poster]. National Conference on Tobacco or Health.Phoenix, AZ. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.helpingyoungsmokersquit.org/media/file/NCTOH_09_PhaseII_ProgramFidelity.pdf (URL)
  • Houser-Marko, Linda, Emery, Sherry L., Curry, Susan J., Pugach, Oksana. Choice in Participation: Voluntary vs. Mandated Participants in Community Youth Seeking Cessation Programs [poster]. Inaugural Meeting of the Society for the Study of Motivation.Chicago, IL. 2008.
  • Emery, Sherry L., Curry, Susan J., Sporer, Amy K., Lee, Jungwha, Pugach, Oksana, Berbaum, Michael L., Mermelstein, Robin J.. Early abstinence among a cohort of youth smokers in community-based smoking cessation programs. American Public Health Association Meeting 2007.Washington, D.C.. 2007.
  • Emery, Sherry L., Sporer, Amy K., Barker, Dianne C., Curry, Susan J., Giovino, Gary, Pugach, Oksana. Quitting Behavior and Characteristics of Youth Smokers in Treatment Compared to Non-Treatment Seekers [poster]. American Public Health Association 135th Annual Meeting.Washington, D.C.. 2007.
  • Curry, Susan J., Sporer, Amy K., Emery, Sherry, Chua, Jerell. Helping Young Smokers Quit: Preliminary Results from Phase I and Phase II [poster]. Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco held jointly with the 7th Annual SRNT European Conference.Prague, CR. 2006.
  • Emery, Sherry L., Lee, Jungwha, Sporer, Amy K., Curry, Susan J.. Youth Smoking Cessation Programs: Who are the Treatment Seekers? [poster]. Society of Research on Nicotine and Tobacco 12th Annual Meeting.Orlando, FL. 2006.
  • Curry, Susan J., Emery, Sherry L., Sporer, Amy K.. Youth tobacco cessation: intent to quit, better cessation practices, evaluation. National Conference on Tobacco or Health.Chicago, IL. 2005.
  • Curry, Susan, Emery, Sherry, Sporer, Amy. Youth tobacco cessation update: Findings to guide program development. National Conference on Tobacco or Health.Chicago, IL. 2005.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Mermelstein, Robin J.; Curry, Susan J. (2012): Helping Young Smokers Quit: Identifying Best Practices for Tobacco Cessation, Phase II National Program Evaluation, 2003-2006. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR33161