Technology and Work Organization in Mechanical Engineering (NIFA Panel: 5th Wave 1995)
- Widmaier, Ulrich (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
- Ehlich, Hartmut (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
- Treinen, Heiner (Sonderforschungsbereich 187, Teilprojekt Z-2, Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
- Lehner, Franz (Institut Arbeit und Technik, Gelsenkirchen)
- ICON-Wirtschaftsforschung, Nuernberg (Data Collector)
- Work and Industry
CESSDA Topic Classification:
- Labour relations/conflict
- In-job training
- Business/industrial management and organisation
- Science and technology
AbstractCompany profile, product structure, use of technology in the company, qualification, personnel structure, production structure, work organization in production among small and medium-sized companies in the area of mechanical engineering. Topics: company profile: individual business; areas of cooperation with other companies; proportion of tensile processing in product manufacture; company production and out-sourced processes in product manufacture; turnover development up to now and expected, personnel development, profit development and demand development; judgement on the distinctness of department organization in the company; judgement on the distinctness of written documentation of company-internal regulations; judgement on the distribution of leadership tasks among different colleagues and different levels; out-sourcing company areas to independent companies during the last year; function areas newly taken over in the company; current order backlog; turnover volume in 1994; order production or stockpile production; customer structure and their proportions of turnover; dependence of the company on a few large customers with longer-term delivery relations; further processing of delivered products by customers; delivery at regular time intervals; possibility of customers to make short-term changes to delivery composition; responsibility of project teams for cooperation with customers; proportion of export; classification of proportion of turnover to individual areas of business; rank order of competitive strategies for current and new markets; judgement on the current profit situation of the company and the economic situation of mechanical engineering altogether. Product structure: characterization of the company as manufacturer of finished product or manufacturer of individual parts; proportion of production of standard products and production according to customer specification; taking on innovative products for the market or for the company; assessment of future development of product structure, stockpile production, the economic life of products, time through the production process as well as delivery of products according to the just-in-time principle (scale). Use of technology in the company: use of computer-aided technologies in production and management; use of NC/CNC machines of CAD and DNC systems; use of computer-aided work planning and programming (CAP) as well as computer-aided quality assurance (CAQ); use of computer-aided warehouse systems, control systems and production planning systems (PPS); use of company expert systems; information on all work processes supported by computer-aided technologies and procedures in the company. Personnel structure: information on number of employees and degree of qualification in different production areas; change of number of employees in the last year. Production structure: proportion of mass production, small and large series production as well as one-of-a-kind production; proportion of company production; reasons for out-sourcing production tasks as well as (if appropriate) accepting tasks from outside; proportion of workshop production, team production, assembly-line production, workbench production and manufacture at construction site in the company; characterization of technology available in production; capacity utilization in the last year, regarding machines and personnel; dependence of organizational and technical changes in the company on requirements outside the company; arrangement of working hours in the company; use of flexible working hours; type of pay forms for machine operators; commitment of the company to general union wage agreement or company wage agreement. Work organization in production: extent of activities in the individual work processes taken care of by machine operators and workshop personal; bundling allocation of tasks; extent of self-determination of machine operators; teamwork in the area of production; number of teams; organization structure and general characterization of teams. Qualification: support of qualification measures on the part of the company; proportion of employees participating from the individual business areas; company size.
1995-09 / 1995-12
Number of Units: 1673
Number of Variables: 262
- ZA2967 (Type: ZA-No.)
Widmaier, Ulrich; Hauptmanns, Peter: Das NIFA-Panel im deutschen Maschinenbau - ein Überblick. In: Hujer, Reinhard; Rendtel, Ulrich; Wagner, Gert (Hrsg.): Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenchaftliche Panel-Studien: Datenstrukturen und Analyseverfahren. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht 1997, S. 229-241.
Widmaier, Ulrich (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Maschinenbau in den neunziger Jahren: Kontinuität und Wandel einer Branche. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag 2000.
Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 241 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22