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Afrobarometer Round 4: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Tanzania, 2008

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Katera, Lucas (Research on Poverty Alleviation (Tanzania))
  • Jahari, Cornel (Research on Poverty Alleviation (Tanzania))
  • Msami, Jamal (Research on Poverty Alleviation (Tanzania))
  • Chaligha, Amon (Research on Poverty Alleviation (Tanzania))
  • Gyimah-Boadi, E. (Ghana Center for Democratic Development)
  • Logan, Carolyn (Michigan State University)
  • Bratton, Michael (Michigan State University)
  • Mattes, Robert (University of Cape Town)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Afrobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Canadian International Development Agency
  • United States Agency for International Development
  • Danish International Development Agency
  • Department for International Development (United Kingdom)
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Free Keywords
AIDS; community involvement; democracy; economic conditions; government; government performance; HIV; information sources; living conditions; markets; national interests; political attitudes; political change; political corruption; political participation; political systems; presidential performance; presidents; public confidence; public opinion; quality of life; social attitudes; standard of living; trust in government
  • Abstract

    The Afrobarometer project was designed to collect and disseminate information regarding Africans' views on democracy, governance, economic reform, civil society, and quality of life. This particular survey was concerned with the attitudes and opinions of the citizens of Tanzania. Respondents in a face-to-face interview were asked to rate their president and the president's administration in overall performance, to state the most important issues facing their nation, and to evaluate the effectiveness of certain continental and international institutions. Opinions were gathered on the role of the government in improving the economy, the accountability and integrity of government officials, the proposed federation of East African states, the level of trust in other Tanzanians, whether corruption existed in local and national government, whether government officials were responsive to problems of the general population, and whether local government officials, the police, the courts, the overall criminal justice system, the National Electoral Commission, and the government broadcasting service could be trusted. Respondents were polled on their knowledge of the government, including the identification of government officials, their level of personal involvement in political, governmental, and community affairs, their participation in national elections, and the inclusiveness of the government. Economic questions addressed the past, present, and future of the country's and the respondents' economic conditions, and respondents' living conditions. Background variables include age, gender, ethnicity, education, religious affiliation and participation, political party affiliation, language spoken most at home, whether the respondent was the head of household, current and past employment status, ownership and utilization of technology, water usage, whether a close friend or relative had died from AIDS, and language used in interview. In addition, demographic information pertaining to the interviewer is provided, as well as their response to the interview and their observations of the respondent's attitude during the interview and of the interview environment.
  • Methods

    Please visit the Afrobarometer Web site for more information regarding weight.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: 86 percent
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Afrobarometer Round 4: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Tanzania, 2008
Temporal Coverage
  • 2008-06 / 2008-07
    Time period: 2008-06--2008-07
  • 2008-06-23 / 2008-07-12
    Collection date: 2008-06-23--2008-07-12
Geographic Coverage
  • Africa
  • Global
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Tanzania
Sampled Universe
Tanzanian citizens age 18 years or older, excluding institutions. Smallest Geographic Unit: Enumeration Area
The Afrobarometer uses a clustered, stratified, multi-stage, probability sample design. The sample is designed as a representative cross-section of all citizens of voting age in a given country. The goal is to give every adult citizen an equal and known chance of selection for interview. This objective is reached by (a) strictly applying random selection methods at every stage of sampling and by (b) applying sampling with probability proportionate to population size wherever possible. A randomly selected sample of 1,200 cases allows inferences to national adult populations with a margin of sampling error of no more than plus or minus 3 percent with a confidence level of 95 percent. If the sample size is increased to 2,400, the confidence interval shrinks to plus or minus 2 percent.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    The codebook and the setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many African languages.

    Users may notice that the missing values designations are wider than the variable formats. This is due to optimization of the data. For those variables, there are no cases with those values.

    Additional information about the Afrobarometer Survey can be found at the the Afrobarometer Web site .

    Some open-end responses (Q41B1, Q88E) in the data file are only available in a non-English language (Kiswahili) specific to that country.

2016-07-05 The distribution SPSS data file is now included with the collection. Funding insitution(s): Canadian International Development Agency. United States Agency for International Development. Danish International Development Agency. Department for International Development (United Kingdom). Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34012 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR34012.v2

Update Metadata: 2016-07-05 | Issue Number: 7 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Katera, Lucas; Jahari, Cornel; Msami, Jamal; Chaligha, Amon; Gyimah-Boadi, E. et. al. (2012): Afrobarometer Round 4: The Quality of Democracy and Governance in Tanzania, 2008. Version 1. Afrobarometer Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.