Technology and Work Organization in Mechanical Engineering (NIFA Panel: 6th Wave 1996)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Ehlich, Hartmut (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Treinen, Heiner (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Lehner, Franz (Institut Arbeit und Technik, Gelsenkirchen)
Publication Date
  • ICON-Wirtschaftsforschung, Nuernberg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Labour relations/conflict
    • In-job training
    • Business/industrial management and organisation
    • Science and technology
  • Abstract

    Company profile, product structure, use of technology in the company, qualification, personnel structure, production structure, work organization in production among small and medium-sized companies in the area of mechanical engineering. Topics: company profile: individual company; areas of cooperation with other companies; proportion of tensile processing in product manufacture; company production and out-sourced processes in product manufacture; turnover development up to now and expected, personnel development, profit development and demand development; judgement on the distinctness of department organization in company; judgement on the distinctness of written documentation of regulations within the company; judgement on the distribution of leadership tasks among different employees and different levels; organizational changes in the company in the last year; judgement on current profit situation of the company and the economic situation of mechanical engineering altogether; current order backlog; turnover volume in 1995; certification according to ISO 9000ff; production locations outside of the FRG; public support for modernization of production and development of newer products; commitment of the company to general union wage agreement or company wage agreement; existence of works council and internal agreements; type of internal agreements completed; involvement of the works council in decisions about technical and organizational changes; judgement on the cooperation of the works council with changes in the company. Customer and supplier relations: total number of customers of the company in the last year; number of customers with high proportion of turnover; number of regular customers and their proportion in total turnover; customer structure and their proportions of turnover; dependence of the company on a few large customers with longer-term delivery relations; further processing of delivered products by customers; delivery at regular time intervals; possibility of customers to make short-term changes of delivery composition; responsibility of project teams for cooperation with customers; proportion of export and sales in the region; proportion of preprocessing obtained from the region, the Federal Republic or abroad; proportion of standard products or products manufactured according to customer specification. Product structure: characterization of company as manufacturer of finished products or manufacturer of individual parts; proportion of production of standard products and production according to customer specification; taking on new innovative products; assessment of future development of product structure, production to stockpile, economic life of products, fluctuations in demand, the proportion of 3rd-party services purchased, the number of emergency orders, time through the production process as well as delivery of products according to the just-in-time principle (scale); type of services offered, such as application support, consultation, waste disposal, documentation, spare part service, financing, maintenance, schooling, software development. Use of technology in the company: information on all work processes supported by computer-aided technologies and procedures in the company. Personnel structure: number of employees in production and management as well as information on their degree of qualification; newly hired as well as employees retired in the last year. Production structure: proportion of mass production, small and large series production as well as one-of-a-kind production; proportion of company production; reasons for out-sourcing production tasks as well as (if appropriate) accepting tasks in the company from outside; proportion of workshop production, team production, assembly-line production, workbench production and production at construction sites in the company; characterization of technology available in production; capacity utilization in the last year, regarding machines and personnel; dependence of organizational and technical changes in the company on requirements outside the company. Work organization in production: extent of activities taken care of by machine operators and workshop personnel in the individual work processes; teamwork in the area of production; number of teams; organization structure and general characterization of teams; organization of working hours such that departure from usual working hours is possible; establishing difference by company management or employees; time period to balance core working hours. Qualification: support of qualification measures on the part of the company; proportion of employees participating from the individual business areas; company size.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1996-09 / 1996-12
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Sample of mechanical engineering companies with at least 20 employees and their own production
Sampling Procedure Comment: Re-interview of the companies written to in the previous surveys
Collection Mode
  • Mail survey
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1727
    Number of Variables: 253
The study is part of a panel survey (NIFA Panel) archived under ZA Study Nos. 2442 to 2445, 2967, 2968, 3177 and 3178. A survey of works councils in companies in this area of business is archived under ZA Study No. 3101.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2968 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Widmaier, Ulrich; Hauptmanns, Peter: Das NIFA-Panel im deutschen Maschinenbau - ein Überblick. In: Hujer, Reinhard; Rendtel, Ulrich; Wagner, Gert (Hrsg.): Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenchaftliche Panel-Studien: Datenstrukturen und Analyseverfahren. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht 1997, S. 229-241.
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Maschinenbau in den neunziger Jahren: Kontinuität und Wandel einer Branche. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag 2000.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 241 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22