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National Youth Smoking Cessation Survey, 2003-2005

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Giovino, Gary A. (State University of New York. University at Buffalo)
  • Barker, Dianne C. (Barker Bi-Coastal Health Consultants, Inc.)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Free Keywords
addiction; adolescents; smoking; smoking cessation; tobacco use; young adults
  • Abstract

    This two-year longitudinal telephone survey interviewed tobacco smokers aged 16 to 24 years at baseline about their smoking cessation activity and related topics. Specific aims were: (1) To establish national baseline estimates for various indicators of smoking cessation activity among this age group for comparison with future surveys on the same topic; (2) To describe their natural history of quitting in a nationally representative sample; and (3) To develop statistical models predicting: making a quit attempt, maintaining abstinence, and selecting various quitting strategies. Respondents were interviewed at baseline, six-month follow-up, twelve-month follow-up, and 24-month follow-up. Topics covered by the questionnaires include smoking and use of other tobacco products; attitudes towards smoking and nicotine replacement therapy; patterns of quitting and discontinuance; methods of quitting and reasons for not quitting; lifestyle (alcohol use, physical activity level, weight loss, risk orientation, school performance, movie viewing); psychosocial issues (perceived stress, depressive symptoms, Attention-Deficit Disorder/Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder); smoking environment including parents'/guardians' smoking behaviors, quit attempts, and attitudes about the respondent's smoking; and tobacco marketing (use of or interest in promotional items and awareness of advertisements). Demographic information collected by the survey includes age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, educational attainment, school enrollment, employment, income, and language spoken at home.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Approximately 85,000 households were contacted for study eligibility. Based on Council of American Survey Research Organizations guidelines, the overall screener response rate to determine age-eligible households was 60 percent. Among eligible households, 69.6 percent (n=2,582) of smokers aged 16-24 years completed the baseline survey. Including the screener response rate, the overall response rate was 41.8 percent. Approximately 62.9 percent (n=1,218) of the 75 percent sample of baseline respondents selected for the six-month survey completed the six-month interview. Among all baseline respondents, 65.7 percent (n=1,696) completed the 12-month interview and 55.4 percent (n=1,431) completed the 24-month interview.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Baseline Data
    • DS2: Six-Month Follow-Up Data
    • DS3: Twelve-Month Follow-Up Data
    • DS4: 24-Month Follow-Up Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 2003 / 2005
    Time period: 2003--2005
  • 2003 / 2005
    Collection date: 2003--2005
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 16-24 years residing in households in the 50 states and District of Columbia who smoked 20 or more lifetime cigarettes and had smoked in the previous 30 days.
A nationally representative sample of households with telephones was randomly selected using a single-stage un-clustered list-assisted random digit dialing method. Non-Hispanic African Americans and Hispanics were oversampled to guarantee adequate sample sizes. More than one eligible smoker could participate per household. The baseline survey was conducted during June-November 2003, the six-month interview during January-June 2004, the twelve-month interview during June-November 2004, and the 24-month interview during June-December 2005. All of the respondents who completed the baseline interview were eligible for the twelve-month and 24-month interviews. However, only 75 percent of them were randomly selected for the 6-month interview.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

    The data files can be merged by matching on the common identification variable ID.

Funding insitution(s): Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (41052).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34275 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR34275.v1
  • Loprinzi, Paul D., Kane, Christy J., Mahoney, Sara, Walker, Jerome F.. Physical activity and nicotine dependence among a national sample of young U.S. adults who smoke daily: Evaluation of cross-sectional and longitudinal associations to determine which behavior drives this relationship. Physiology and Behavior.139, 1-6.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.11.015 (DOI)
  • Loprinzi, Paul D., Walker, Jerome F., Cardinal, Bradley J.. Nicotine dependence and transitional shifts in exercise behavior among young U.S. adult smokers. Preventive Medicine.65, 96-98.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.05.005 (DOI)
  • Walker, Jerome F., Loprinzi, Paul D.. Longitudinal examination of predictors of smoking cessation in a national sample of U.S. adolescent and young adult smokers. Nicotine and Tobacco Research.16, (6), 820-827.2014.
    • ID: 10.1093/ntr/ntu005 (DOI)
  • Villanti, Andrea C., Giovino, Gary A., Barker, Dianne C., Mowery, Paul D., Sevilimedu, Varadan, Abrams, David B.. Menthol brand switching among adolescents and young adults in the National Youth Smoking Cessation Survey. American Journal of Public Health.102, (7), 1310-1312.2012.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300632 (DOI)
  • Klein, Sarah M., Giovino, Gary A., Barker, Dianne C., Tworek, Cindy, Cummings, K. Michael, O'Connor, Richard J.. Use of flavored cigarettes among older adolescent and adult smokers: United States, 2004-2005. Nicotine and Tobacco Research.10, (7), 1209-1414.2008.
    • ID: 10.1080/14622200802163159 (DOI)
  • Barker, Dianne C.. How young smokers approach quitting: Cohort data from the National Youth Smoking Cessation Survey. American Public Health Association 134th Annual Meeting and Exposition: Public Health and Human Rights.Boston, MA. 2006.
  • Barker, Dianne C., Emery, Sherry, Mowery, Paul, Giovino, Gary, Gable, Julie, Szczypka, Glen, Orleans, C.Tracy. Knowledge and utilization gap: Opportunities to market telephone quit lines to older youth. Boston, MA. 2006.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Use of Cessation Methods Among Smokers Aged 16-24 years--United States, 2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.55, (50), 1351-1354.2006.
  • Giovino, Gary, Barker, Dianne, Tworek, Cindy, Donohue, Kathleen, Orleans, C.Tracy. Why kids don't quit: Data from the National Youth Smoking Cessation Survey. 13th World Conference on Tobacco OR Health.Washington, D.C.. 2006.
  • Backinger, Cathy. Youth tobacco cessation: Intent to quit, better cessation practices, evaluation. 2005 National Conference on Tobacco OR Health.Chicago, IL. 2005.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Giovino, Gary A.; Barker, Dianne C. (2013): National Youth Smoking Cessation Survey, 2003-2005. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.