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Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 2011

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Johnston, Lloyd D. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Bachman, Jerald G. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Schulenberg, John E. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series
Publication Date
2012-10-31
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
alcohol; attitudes; crime; demographic characteristics; drug education; drug use; educational objectives; family background; gender roles; high school students; human behavior; lifestyles; prescription drugs; religious attitudes; self esteem; social change; tobacco use; values; youths
Description
  • Abstract

    This survey of 12th-grade students is part of a series that explores changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth. Students are randomly assigned to complete one of six questionnaires, each with a different subset of topical questions, but all containing a set of "core" questions on demographics and drug use. There are about 1,400 variables across the questionnaires. Drugs covered by this survey include tobacco, smokeless tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, hashish, prescription medications, over-the-counter medications, LSD, hallucinogens, amphetamines (stimulants), Ritalin (methylphenidate), Quaaludes (methaqualone), barbiturates (tranquilizers), cocaine, crack cocaine, GHB (gamma hydroxy butyrate), ecstasy, methamphetamine, and heroin. Other topics include attitudes toward religion, changing roles for women, educational aspirations, self-esteem, exposure to drug education, and violence and crime (both in and out of school).
  • Methods

    Each of the seven parts contains a weight variable, V5. They were originally varied by school but were modified to protect respondent confidentiality. Users should use the weight variable for all analyses, the results of which will differ slightly from published data tables that used original data.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The overall student response rate for 2011 was 83 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Core Data
    • DS2: Form 1 Data
    • DS3: Form 2 Data
    • DS4: Form 3 Data
    • DS5: Form 4 Data
    • DS6: Form 5 Data
    • DS7: Form 6 Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2011
  • Collection date: 2011
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
High school seniors in the contiguous United States.
Sampling
A multistage area probability sample design was used involving three selection stages: (1) geographic areas or primary sampling units (PSUs), (2) schools (or linked groups of schools) within PSUs, and (3) students within sampled schools. Of the 72 PSUs, 8 were selected with certainty, 10 were selected with a probability of .50, and the remainder were selected using a probability based on their 2000 Census household count. Generally speaking, in schools with more than 350 seniors, a sample of seniors or classes was drawn. In schools with less than 350 seniors, all seniors were asked to participate unless logistical challenges required a sample be taken. Each school was asked to participate for two years so that each year one-half of the sample would be replaced. Schools refusing participation were replaced with similar schools in terms of geographic location, size, and type of school (e.g., public, private/Catholic, private/non-Catholic). The participation rate among schools has been between 66 and 85 percent since the inception of the study. The total sample of 12th graders was divided into 6 subsamples, each to be administered a different form of the questionnaire. "Core" drug and demographic questions were included in all questionnaire forms.
Collection Mode
  • on-site questionnaire

    Conducted by the University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Survey Research Center.

    To protect the privacy of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been collapsed or recoded in the public use files. These modifications should not affect analytic uses of the public use files.

    Variables omitted from the Western region questionnaires are noted in each codebook.

    A user guide is provided with the study documentation. It contains a year-to-year cross-time question index for the MTF 12th-grade surveys, which is sorted by subject area, item reference number, and questionnaire form.

    Frequency and percentage distributions displayed in the 2011 codebooks are unweighted, rather than weighted by variable V5 as they had been in previous years. This change was made to simplify both the production of the codebooks and their interpretation by the analyst.

    MTF does not release detailed geography codes in its public use files because of the disclosure risk it would cause. The MTF sample is drawn to generate representative samples of the four Census Bureau regions of the country (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West), but it does not generate representative samples of smaller geographic areas such as states, counties, or cities. For additional information about data that is withheld from the public use files please contact MTF directly at mtfinformation@umich.edu.

Note
2012-11-20 Additional variables that were left off from the data files originally have been added to Form 3 (Part 4), Form 5 (Part 6), and Form 6 (Part 7). Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA-01411).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34409 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR34409.v1
Publications
  • Miech, Richard A., Johnston, Lloyd, O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John, Patrick, Megan E.. Trends in use of and attitudes toward marijuana among youth before and after decriminalization: The case of California 2007-2013. International Journal of Drug Policy.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.01.009 (DOI)
  • Palamar, Joseph J., Acosta, Patricia. Synthetic cannabinoid use in a nationally representative sample of US high school seniors. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.194-202.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.01.044 (DOI)
  • Palamar, Joseph J., Griffin-Tomas, Marybec, Kamboukos, Dimitra. Reasons for recent marijuana use in relation to use of other illicit drugs among high school seniors in the United States. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.2015.
    • ID: 10.3109/00952990.2015.1045977 (DOI)
  • Palamar, Joseph J., Lee, Lily, Weitzman, Michael. Prevalence and correlates of hashish use in a national sample of high school seniors in the United States. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.2015.
    • ID: 10.3109/00952990.2015.1011745 (DOI)
  • Schaefer, Brian P., Vito, Anthony G., Marcum, Catherine D., Higgins, George E., Ricketts, Melissa L.. Heroin use among adolescents: A multi-theoretical examination. Deviant Behavior.36, (2), 101-112.2015.
    • ID: 10.1080/01639625.2014.910066 (DOI)
  • Vito, Anthony G., Schafer, Brian P., Higgins, George E., Marcum, Catherine D., Ricketts, Melissa L.. Juvenile hallucinogen use: What do multiple theories say about it?. American Journal of Criminal Justice.2015.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12103-013-9233-3 (DOI)
  • Arria, Amelia M., Bugbee, Brittany A., Caldeira, Kimberly M., Vincent, Kathryn B.. Evidence and knowledge gaps for the association between energy drink use and high-risk behaviors among adolescents and young adults. Nutrition Reviews.72, (S1), 87-97.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/nure.12129 (DOI)
  • Duncan, Dustin, Palamar, Joseph, Williams, James. Perceived neighborhood illicit drug selling, peer illicit drug disapproval and illicit drug use among U.S. high school seniors. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy.9, 2014.
    • ID: 10.1186/1747-597X-9-35 (DOI)
  • Gnambs, Timo, Kaspar, Kai. Disclosure of sensitive behaviors across self-administered survey modes: A meta-analysis. Behavior Research Methods.2014.
  • Palamar, Joseph J.. An examination of opinions toward marijuana policies among high school seniors in the United States. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.46, (5), 351-361.2014.
    • ID: 10.1080/02791072.2014.962716 (DOI)
  • Palamar, Joseph J., Fenstermaker, Michael, Kamboukos, Dimita, Ompad, Danielle C., Cleland, Charles M., Weitzman, Michael. Adverse psychosocial outcomes associated with drug use among US high school seniors: A comparison of alcohol and marijuana. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.2014.
    • ID: 10.3109/00952990.2014.943371 (DOI)
  • Palamar, Joseph J., Kamboukos, Dimitra. An examination of sociodemographic correlates of ecstasy use among high school seniors in the United States. Substance Use and Misuse.2014.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2014.926933 (DOI)
  • Palamar, Joseph J., Ompad, Danielle C., Petkova, Eva. Correlates of intentions to use cannabis among US high school seniors in the case of cannabis legalization. International Journal of Drug Policy.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.01.017 (DOI)
  • Palamar, Joseph J., Zhou, Sherry, Sherman, Scott, Weitzman, Michael. Hookah use among US high school seniors. Pediatrics.2014.
    • ID: 10.1542/peds.2014-0538 (DOI)
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2011. Surveillance Report #96.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System . 2013.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance96/Underage11.pdf (URL)
  • McCabe, Sean Esteban, West, Brady T.. Medical and nonmedical use of prescription stimulants: Results from a national multicohort study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jaac.2013.09.005 (DOI)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Driving after drug or alcohol use by US high school seniors, 2001–2011. American Journal of Public Health.2013.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301246 (DOI)
  • Palamar, Joseph J.. Predictors of disapproval toward 'hard drug' use among high school seniors in the US. Prevention Science.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-013-0436-0 (DOI)
  • Palamar, Joseph J., Ompad, Danielle C.. Demographic and socioeconomic correlates of powder cocaine and crack use among high school seniors in the United States. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.2013.
    • ID: 10.3109/00952990.2013.838961 (DOI)
  • Patrick, M.E., Schulenberg, J.E., Martz, M.E., Maggs, J.L., O'Malley, .PM., Johnston, L.D.. Extreme binge drinking among 12th-grade students in the United States: Prevalence and predictors. JAMA Pediatrics.2013.
    • ID: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2392 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Middle and high school drug testing and student illicit drug use: A national study 1998-2011. Journal of Adolescent Health.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.11.020 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. School soft drink availability and consumption among US secondary students. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.44, (6), 573-582.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2013.01.026 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among US high school seniors from 1976 to 2011: Trends, reasons, and situations. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.05.031 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Illicit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2011. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 77.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ77.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2011. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2012.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E., Patrick, Megan E.. HIV/AIDS: Risk & Protective Behaviors among American Young Adults, 2004-2011. Monitoring the Future.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2012.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-hiv-aids_2011.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

Johnston, Lloyd D.; Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Schulenberg, John E. (2012): Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 2011. Version 2. Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34409.v2