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American Time Use Survey (ATUS), 2011

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American Time Use Survey (ATUS) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
activities of daily living; child care; demographic characteristics; domestic responsibilities; eating habits; eldercare; employee benefits; employment; everyday life; family life; family work relationship; health; housework; job search; leisure; lifestyles; quality of life; recreation; social interaction; social life; time utilization; wages and salaries; work; working hours
  • Abstract

    The American Time Use Survey (ATUS) collects information on how people living in the United States spend their time. Data collected in this study measured the amount of time that people spent doing various activities in 2011, such as paid work, child care, religious activities, volunteering, and socializing. Respondents were interviewed only once about how they spent their time on the previous day, where they were, and whom they were with. Part 1, Activity File, includes additional information on activities in which respondents participated, including the location of each activity and the total time spent on secondary child care. Part 2, Call History File, gives information about each call attempt. Part 3, Case History File, contains information about the interview process. Part 4, ATUS-CPS File, contains demographic and occupational data on respondents and members of their household collected during their participation in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Part 5, Respondent File, contains demographic information about respondents. Part 6, Roster File, contains information about household members and non-household children under the age of 18. Part 7, Eldercare Roster File, file contains information about people for whom ATUS respondents provided care. Part 8, Activity Summary File, contains a summary of the total amount of time they spent doing each activity that day. Part 9, Replicate Weight File, contains miscellaneous ATUS weights. Part 10, Who File, includes codes that indicate who was present during each activity. Part 11, ATUS Leave Module Respondent File, contain information related to wage and salary workers' access to paid and unpaid leave and the ability to adjust their work schedules and locations instead of taking leave or because they didn't have access to leave. Part 12, ATUS Leave Module Replicate Weights File, contains weights for Part 11, ATUS Leave Module Respondent File.
  • Abstract

    The goal of the survey is to measure how people divide their time among life's activities and use the information to develop nationally representative estimates.
  • Methods

    The data are not weighted, however, this collection contains weight variables that should be used for analysis. For more information regarding weights, please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation of the ICPSR Codebook.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The overall response rate was 56.4 percent.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Activity File
    • DS2: Call History File
    • DS3: Case History File
    • DS4: ATUS-CPS File
    • DS5: Respondent File
    • DS6: Roster File
    • DS7: Eldercare Roster File
    • DS8: Activity Summary File
    • DS9: Replicate Weight File
    • DS10: Who File
    • DS11: ATUS Leave Module Respondent File
    • DS12: ATUS Leave Module Replicate Weights File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2011
  • Collection date: 2011
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
ATUS covers all residents living in households in the United States that are at least 15 years of age, with the exception of active military personnel and people residing in institutions such as nursing homes and prisons. Smallest Geographic Unit: State
The ATUS is a nationally representative sample drawn from households that have completed their eighth and final interview for the Current Population Survey (CPS). Households were selected to ensure that estimates could be made across major demographic groups. One individual from each selected household was chosen to participate in the ATUS, and this person was interviewed only once about his or her time use. Please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation section of the ICPSR Codebook for additional information on sampling.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

    The activity code variables in Part 8 are preceded by the letter "T" and include a six-digit activity classification code. Activity classification codes and examples of activities can be found in the ATUS Coding Lexicon. For more information about the ATUS Coding Lexicon, please refer to the User Guide in the Original P.I. Documentation section of the ICPSR Codebook.

    The American Time Use Survey (ATUS) was conducted by the United States Census Bureau.

    Additional information on the American Time Use Survey 2011 can be found by visiting the American Time Use Survey Web site.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34453 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR34453.v1

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-16

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2014): American Time Use Survey (ATUS), 2011. Archival Version. American Time Use Survey (ATUS) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.